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Cumberlan&, (Sib. 

184S » 1898. 


Pcniiiiinu Hup&riormn . 


Vitiitbeiiaiiil Freii; Prexse Print. 

Gratitude and joy fill the hearts of all the mem- 
bers of SS. Peter and Paul's Parish on the great 
occasion of the Golden Jubilee. 

Fifty years ago the corner-stone of this Church 
was laid. Oh, how many joys and sorrows these 
fifty years encompass within their course. 

From this House of God innumerable graces were 
spent to the members who were then scattered far 
and wide over the town and the surrounding dis- 
trict. It is, indeed, meet and just, proper and 
salutary to give thanks and praise to the Most High 
t'll all limes, but more so ni the celebration of the 
(ioidcn Jubilee. 

May these pages contribute to increase the glory 
and gratitude due to our Heavenly Father for all 
the blessings and benefits, joys and sorrows of the 
Congregation during the period from 1848 to 1898. 

A. M. D. G. 


gaUav0 of tlje i^ebemptoriet^ in 


1841 - 1866. 


In the year 1841 the Redemptorist Fathers who 
had settled at Baltimore a short time previous, 
began to take charge of the German Catholics in 

A small frame building, then on the spot where 
the spacious St. Patrick's Church now stands, was 
used as the church for both English and German 
speaking Catholics. Regularly every three 

months tlie Redemptorist Father would make his 
appearance to celebrate Mass and perform other 
di\ ine services for the Catholics of Cumberland. 

As at that time no train led from Baltimore to 
Cumb:;rland, they made the route per wagon, leav- 
ing Baltimoie on Friday, lemaining at Cumberland 
oil Sunday, and starting foi- home again on Monday. 

As different came to Cumberland for the 
purpose of celebr tin<i; divine service, the record ot 
all was not kept. The following are the names of 
those whose remembrance is retained: Fathers 
Gabriel Rumpler. John Nep. Nenman. Helmprecht. 
Krutil and Frei. As the number of German Catho- 
lics steadily increased, the desire of establishing 
a parish with a permanent piiest manifested itsell 
gradually more and more. The German Catholics 
of Cumberland sent Mr. Michael Wiesel to the 

Archbishop ol Halliniore. Most Rev. Sam. Eccles- 
toii, to represent to His Grace the necessit}^ of 
obtaining a permanent pastor. As the intention 
was to erect a church for one priest only instead of 
a convent with several Fathers, the Archbishop 
expressed his opinion thus: 

"1 think you Germans will prosper better with 
several Redemptoiists than with one secular 

The following document was sent by the Most 
Rev. Archbishop to the Rev. Father Obermayer 
at the time pastor of the English-speaking Catholics 
in Cumberland. 

Baltimore. Md.. June 18th. bSlT. 

Rew and Dear Sir: — 

Ha\e the kinchiess to read 
and deliver the enclosed letter. 

It is m\ wish to place all the German Congre- 
gations in my Diocese under the charge of the 
I'^edemptorists. Tlieic may be some little incon- 
veniences in the employment oi Regulars, but situ- 
ated as the (iermans are, a Religious Order oifers 
to them and to me adxantages that cannot be e.\ 
pected from olhei" souTces. 

Ihe "\'isit<)r" of the Redemptorists lias just 
arrived in Ballimoic. 1 kno\A not what course he 
may take in this affair. I pledge myselt, howexer. 
most cheerful 1\ to do ni\ best to obtain for }yOiii" 
good (iernums either a Regular or a Secular Priest. 
Mean\\hiic 1 lea\e it to xour discretion whether 
they should commence building a church or not. 
Ihe deed must be made to me and m\' Successors 
in our Corporate Cai)acit>. I would transler to the 
Redemptorists onl> the use of the propert\ . in 
case they take charge of the congregation. 

Wishing you and \ our Hock e\'er\ blessing, 
I am (le\oledl\ , 

■ \Ours ill Christ, 

Samuel Abp, I^altimore. 
Re\ . L. Obermayer, 
Cumberland. Md.. 

'■-*^S3^;- I ■ ,'Xg\ 

:[(;h'i kk\. sa.m. kcci.i;si( »n, i,. n 

— 3 - 

Messrs. Wiesel. Gramlich, Helmstaetter, etc. 
of Cumberland, also received -a letter from His 
Grace, which was inclosed in the letter to Rev. 

Baltimore, Md., June 8, 1847. 
To Messrs. Wiesel, Gramlich, etc.. 
Gentlemen: — 

I deem it a duty to you and to 
religion to use my best exertions to comply with 
your edifying petition to have a German priest 
for the spiritual wants of the Germans at Cum- 
berland and in its vicinity. Should not the Re- 
demptorists be enabled to place one at my dis- 
posal. I will look elsewhere. As soon as I 
receive a definite answer from the Superior ol 
the Society above mentioned, I will apprise you 
of such measures as may promote your pious pur- 

I wrote to Rev. Obermayer on this subject. 
Wishing you, gentlemen, every blessing, 1 am. 
Your faithful servant in Christ, 

Samuel Abp, Baltimore. 

Thus far the future paiish had good prospects of 
gaining tlie Redemptt)rist Fathers for their pastor- 
age. Not only by the Archbishop's intention, but 
also l)y divine presage, these Fathers appeared 
destined for the parish. The aged Mrs. N. relates 
the following extraordinary vision she had. This 
same person saw. a year previous to the permanent 
stay of these Religious at Cumberland,two men clad 
in the habit of the Redemptorist Order, one very 
tall, the other of small size, measuring the present 
site of the church. She remarked to bystanders: 
"What strange men are these, and what are they 
doing?" The next moment when she looked in the 
same direction where she first saw the two men, 
they had disappeared. The following year, when 
the" tall Father Bern. Hafkenscheid and the little 
J. N. Neuman were in reality occupied in the 
mensuration of the same grounds, the lady ex- 

— 4 — 

claimed, full of astonishment: "There are the same 
men I saw a year ago." At the time of her 
vision no one dreamed of either a church or a 
convent at this place. 

Father Hafkenscheid, who is, so to say, the 
founder of the German Congregation in this city, 
was born Deceinber 12. 1806; went to Rome in 1828 
to complete his studies at the Roman College, where 
the present Pope Leo XIII was his fellow-student. 
The Holy Father had the picture of the deceased 
Father Hafkenscheid placed in his dining-room. 

He was ordained at Rome to the priesthood 
March 17. Decorated with the insignia of a Doctor 
of Divinity, he entered the Congregation of the 
Redemptorists at Vienna, and was prolessed Octo- 
ber 17. 1833. 

He accompanied the Very Rev. Provincial Held 
on his visitation tour to the United States in 1845, 
and acquired on this occasion a thorough knowledge 
of the existing circumstances at that time. In the 
year 1849 he again visited our country in the ca- 
pacity of Vice-Provincial. The happy result of 
this second visit was that sixteen missions were 
held by the Redemptorists within two years. He 
also devoted much care and solicitude on their 
Novitiate at Cumberland. 

In 1850 he departed for Europe and was ap- 
pointed Provincial. 

On his return to America he began to work ear- 
nestly at the lull deveiopuienl ol the Congregation 
of the Redemptorists. In the year 1853 he chose 
Annapolis, where the Order received a donation 
of a country-seat, as a home of nurture for the 
progress ot the Order. I'he same \ ear he again \ isi- 
tcd Europe to j.'i\ c an accbunt of the labors and pro- 
grc-^s ol the Remittor isls in this country. 

The first important mission gi\en in the English 
language at St. .Joseph's Church. New York. Father 
Bernard conducted peisonalK . si.x thousand per- 
sons received the Sacraments at the time of that 

Rev. Father B. Hafkenscheid died September 2, 

There being now prospects to have a permanent 
priest at this place, provisions had to be made 

to obtain a suitable location upon which to erect a 
church. When it came to the point of selecting a 
spot on which the church was to be erected, the 
old adage, "Many heads, many ideas," received its 
due share. At last, however, it was decided to 
leave the selection of a proper location to the better 
judgment of the priest. The Rev. John N. Neuman 
assisted by Mr, Weisel, surveyed the various lots 
which were proposed by different parties as appro- 
priate for the purpose. It was decided in favor of 
the present location of SS. Peter and Paul's Church, 

This lies on the west side of Will's Creek on the 
Academy Hill, tormerly called Fort Hill, renowned 
from tlie time of the French War, because 
it was here the French were defeated by the 

There were two lots of State land for sale which the 
Germans could get for the sum of six hundred dollars. 
They intended to take both lots, but only one was 
purchased for three hundred and fifty dollars. 
Mr. Weisel paid this amount in full, and also re- 
ceived the privilege of buying the other lot within 
a definite period of time for two hundred and fifty 
dollars. The ground purchased was lot No. 146; its 
location is the east side of Plumb Alley; toward 
the northeast it extends 178 feet; on the north side 
of Fayette street it extends east and southeast 101 

— (i — 

Icet; the oilier ends arc parallel with the described 

The deed could not be obtained lor some time 
because the land was owned by several heirs who 
resided at ditit'erent places of the United States, and 
their consent had to be acquired. 

On December 4, 1847, the Rev. Archbishop 
ol Baltimore wrote to the pastor oi St. Patrick's 
L liiirch as follow s: 

Baltimore. Md., Dec. 4, 1847. 

Rev. and Dear Sir: 

1 have delayed answering 
your lettci' in consequence of the absence of the 
l\c\ . .1. \eumann. Superior of the Redemptorists. 

1 had \e^terday an interview with him. He 
cannot, at this moment, station a German priest at 
Cumberland; but he expects to be able to do so in a 
short time. He will visit \ ou after the Christmas 
holidays and have a further understanding. 

Meanwhile let the good (rermans go on with 
their church, if practicable. The deed miist be 
made in the name of the Archbishop and his suc- 
cessors. H the Redemptorists cannot furnish a 
pastor. I will do m> best to get one from some 
other (piartci'. 

Wishing you e\ery blessing, I am. 

Respectful 1\ and truly your servant, 

Samuel, Abp. . Baltimore. 

Rev. Mr. ( )l)ermayer.- 

The deed was, as requested, niiide to His Grace. 
It is dated March 27. 1848, of "King's heirs" to the 
Archbishop Samuel liccleston, and it contains the 
clause that the church is and must remain in the 
service ol the Cieiinan Catholics of Cund)erland. 

The deed is in the hands of the Most Re\ . Arch- 
bishop ol l^altimore. The same spring the work 
was begun by the \aliant Cicinians laboiing zeal- 
ously at the foundation of the new Church. At the 

corner of Plumb Alley and Fayette street a space 
of 25 by 50 feet was left vacant, back of which and 
adjoining the Plumb Alley the Church building 
arose. The width of the Church was 50 feet, the 
same as the front adjoining it. The length was 90 
feet, which joined I^lumb Alley, the exact limit 
of the lot corresponding with north-east. 

On the Fourth of July 1848 the solemn laying of 
the corner-stone took place, the Most Rev. Samuel 
Eccleston D. D. officiating. His Grace having ad- 
ministered the Holy Sacrament of Confirmation in 
the morning at St. Patrick's Church, went in the 
afternoon, robed in episcopal attire, in solemn pro- 
cession from St. Patrick's Church, passing through 
Centre and Baltimore streets to the place where 
the new Church tor the Germans was to be erected. 

r/ yiL£^^h>',.~e.Jr^QSlCi 

The corner-stone was laid in conformity with the 
rites of the Church in honor of the Apostles Peter 
and Paul. The Most Rev. Archbishop delivered 
an English sermon and I^ev. Joseph Helmpraecht 
held the festive oration in German. 

Father Helmpraecht was born January 14, 1820, 
in Bavaria at Maria Poshing, emigrated to America 
July 14, 1844; was ordained December 21, 1845; 
made Provincial in the year 1865. 

After the corner-stone was laid the work pro- 
ceeded rapidly, so that the Church was under roof 

— 8 — 

at the end of the year 1848. During all this period 
the Fathers continued their usual routine going 
from !3altiniore to Cumberland to celebrate divine 
service in St. Patrick's Church for the Germans. 

Next to God this congregation owes to the saintly 
Father Neumann all thanks for the establishment 
of SS. Peter and Paul's parish and the erection ol 
their Church, it is but proper to refer here to the 
saintly life of this ser\aut of God. 

John Nepomucene Neunuuin was born March 28, 
1811. in Bohemia. Already as a child he excited 
the admiration of his instructor. In his tenth year 
he was found worthy to receive first Holy Com- 
mimion with his older companions. His piety as 
student was extraordinary. He soon discovered 
his vocation for the life of a missionary in America. 
After conquering serious difficulties he landed in 
New York 183(). on the Feast of Corpus Christi. 
He was ordained the same year June 25. in St. 
Patrick's Cathedial. At the celebration of his first 
Mass he administered tirst Holy Conuniuiion to a 
class of thirty- children he had himself prepared 
for that solemn occasion. As secular priest his 
field of labor was in Williamsville and vicinity. 
Catholics and Protestants shared alike in his chari- 
ty and zeal. "Motiier Mary. Thou who canst con- 
(|uer all heresies, have pity on the poor, blinded 
heietics. Open their eyes, touch their hearts, 
that the> at least ma> begin to love Jesus and His 
Holy Church and thus be saved." This was his 
constant prayer for all Protestants. 

He entered the novitiate of tiie Redemptorists 
at Pittsburg in 18 U). In May 1841 the novice-priest 
J. N. Neumann with Brother Fey were called to 
Bjiltimorc, but oiil> remained there a few days as 
he iecei\ed orders to proceed to New York. The 
following NoNcmber he ag.iin was called back to 
Baltimore, though not immediately, as there were 
missions to be gi\en at ditierent places through 
which his route lead, and his recalling to Balti- 
more was accompiinied with the request to give a 
mission at each of these stations. He arrived at 
Wheeling with the stage, then proceeded from Cum- 
berland to Frederick from whence he took the train 
to Baltimore. 

The time li^ now nt'rived lor liis profession. 
Father Neumann was tlie first that made liis pro- 
fession as Redemptorist in this country. This pro- 
fession took place in the old St. Jacob's Church at 
Baltimore January 16, 1842. Two years after this 
event he w'as made Superior at Pittsburg, and the 
difficult task of erecting a Church fell to his lot. 
He sketched the plan, and also dii'ected the work. 
The workingmen were to be paid Saturdays, but 
often on the preceding Fridays there w^as no sign 
of money nor prospect ol receiving any, yet — and 
this verges on the miraculous — every Saturday all 
the laborers were promptly paid. The foregoing is 
confirmed bv Rev. Father Seelos. 

1. B. Neumann. 

Father Neumann was removed to Baltimore Jan- 
uary 27, lcS47. In February 1847 he was appointed 
Superior of the Redemptorists in America, receiv- 
ing this appointment by a letter from Father dc 
Held, dated December 15. 1846. 

He very frequently traveled the tiresome round 
i)f 180 miles, the distance fr(Mn Baltimore to Cum- 

— 10 — 

herland. to preach the (jt).spcl niul administer the 
Sacraments to the faithlul. He called hather 
Urhanczek and Brother Adam to Cumberland to 
open a convent of their Order. 

His next care was to ei'ect a Church sufficiently' 
lar^e tor the niunbei" ot parishioners. The heautiiiil 
and healthy reji;ion and the j^rand location ol their 
convent on the hill awakened the idea ot estab- 
lishing a novitiate and college at this place, wliich 
was later carried into effect. 

Every beginning is fraught with difficulties; the 
beginnings at Cumberland formed no exception to 
this trite saying, yet their spiritual nurser\' even- 
tually flourished and wrought much good, far and 
wide, for the benefit of the faithful. Through 
many years the scattered Catholics were organized 
into congregations and their spiritual wants sup- 

When Father Neumann heard of his impending 
nomination to the Bishopric he was seized with 
dread and fear and tried every means in his power 
to avert this dignity from his person, but it was 
all to no avail. Pope Pius IX conunanded him in 
obedience to accept il without furtlier remon- 

He was consecrated, March 2(S, KS52, as Bishop 
in St. Alphonsus' Church at Baltimore, and on tlie 
3()th of the same month he hastened to reach Phila- 
delphia, his episcopal seat. 

In the capacity as Bishop he was remarkal>lc 
lor the zealous activity he manifested for tb.e 
prosperity' of the diocese. He continued the labors 
of his predecessoi's. an.d accc^mpl ished new and im- 
portant undertakings. B\ his influence faith and 
|)iet\' were enli\ ened in his people. None of his 
])riests spent more time in the conlessional than 
he. His continued intercourse with (lod made a 
lasting and wholesome impression upon all who had 
the good fortune to be in iiis j")resence. He bi'ought 
to completion the erection ol the grand Cathedral 
at Philadelphia in se\en \ears. 1 ree ol the incum- 
biarice of debt. .lanuar\' 25. hSW). shortU" alter 
dinner. Patlier C rbanczecU \\ ho is well known in 
Cumberland paid him a \ isit and was surprised 
at the strange inanin-i' ol llu- liislioo who did not 

— 11 — 

seem to recognize him. As he approached the Bish- 
op he noticed the glassy appearance of his eyes, 
and on the inquiry if he felt sick. Bishop Neumann 
remarked: "Never have I ielt so peculiarlj^ as 
to-day, but as I have an errand to attend, I expect 
relief from tlie walk in tlie fresh air." After 
Father Urbanczeck took his leave, the Bishop also 
left tlie house to return no more as living. On the 
way he suddenly sank down; he was carried to the 
house before wfiich he fell. After vain efforts to 
restore him to consciousness, he drew a few heavy 
breaths after which his saintly soul fled from its 
bodily prison. 

The Provincial Father de Dyker requested his 
interment in St. Peter's Church which belonged to 
their Order. 

The fame of his sanctity and many petitions 
granted through his intercession glorified him alter 
his demise so that the case of his beatification was 
introduced December 15, 1896. 

No family of SS. Peter and Paul's parish should 
be without the book from which this short biograph- 
ical sketch is taken. The title of the book is Ber- 
ger. Life and Labors of John N. Neumann, pub- 
lished by Benziger Bros. 


Ill 1849 Mr. Wiesel together with other prominent 
members of the congregation, sent a written 
petition to the Redemptorists at Baltimore plead- 
ing most urgently for a permanent priest for Cum- 
berland. They received an ahirmative reply with 
the remark that a Redemptorist Father could not 
be stationed alone at Cumberland, their rule re- 
quiring that at least two priests with one lay- 
brother are necessary for the opening of a house 
of their Order. Several other difhculties had to 
be settled before the Redemptorists took possession 
of the parish. Some of the good (jcrmans tried to 
interfere by having things their own way, tor 
instance: they proposed a "free church", that is, 
no pew rent was to be le\ied, the expenditures of 
the church to be defra\ed by contributions. The 
most Re\'. Archbishop hearing of this no\el pro- 
cedure sent the follow ing letter to Rc\ . Prox incial 
I hiflvcnscheid : 

Hailir.K.ic, Md.. March U). 1(S49. 
\'er\- Rev. :\u(] Dear I'aiher: 

For reasons which I lia\e fre- 
(|uent!\ weighed. I cannot consent llial the new 
(ierman Church al Cuinbeiland shall be organized 
and conducted on the [principle of what is called 
" I ree church. " 

Ver\ resj)ecll ui I y. 
N'our ser\ant in Christ, 

Samuel. \bp. . Hall imore. 

\ er\ Rev. Talhei- Hernard V\o\. C. S. S. R. 

— 13 — 

A copy ol this letter was sent to the interested 
parties by Rev. Father Prov. with explanatory re- 
marks as follows: 
I. M. I. A.- 

The undersigned Provincial ol the Con- 
jjjregation of Redemptorists in Baltimore begs leave 
to inform the gentlemen of the building committee 
of the new church in Cumberland, that he is willing 
to appoint a priest of his Order for their parish im- 
der the following conditions: — 

1 Before a priest is assigned, there must be ihree 
apartments prepared for the use of the priest in the 
new school-house, and also a frame kitchen must be 
in readiness. 

2 The priest shall not be obliged to celebrate 
divine service in the new church as long as it is 
not plastei'ed and the floor hiid. 

3 The priest must receive the right to dispose 
of the income of the church for its needs alter con- 
sulting the Most Rev. Archbishop, his superiors, 
and the members of the congregation. As may be 
seen from the enclosed letter of His Grace the or- 
ganization of a "free church" does not meet with 
his appro\al. 

The undersigned anticipates with much gratifi- 
cation the moment when the members are read\' 
to comply with the conditions above mentionecl, 
and thus open the way for the erection ol a new 
Church for the German Catholics. 

B. J. Hafkenscheid. C. S. S. R. 
Baltimore. Md. March 17. 1849. 

Upon the receipt of this information the mem- 
iiers declared themselves willing to comply with 
all the conditions, and in a written reply stated, 
that the basement of the church was ready for oc- 


Rev. F. Anthony Urhiinczcck, lirst pastor oi SS. 
Peter and Paul's Parish, and Brother Adam Parr, 
who also supplied the position of a teacher, were 
sent to Cumheriand. 

Rev. A. I'lbanczeck. 

Rev. F. IJrhanczeck was horn .January 17. KS13. 
in Meran; ordained Septenibei" 22, 1838; he was 
professed Jinie 18, 1842 in the CongrejJ!;ation oi Re- 
demptorists. He departed this Hie March 6, 1882, 
in Baltimore. On their arrival these two Re- 
demptorists were hospitably received by R. F. 
()i)eima\er at St. Patrick's Church, and after re- 
maininji; there a few da\ s. the\ removed to the 
now ready and furnished bii.sement. fTere they 
were, so to say, pretty closeK cramped for want 
of s!)ace. The basement served not only as chapel 
in which theholx Mass was cel.brated but also as 
school room, in it there were neither benches nor 
desks; the basement ser\ed also as monastery in 
which the pastor's olhce, refectory , dormitory, and 
kitchen were i)enceably united. They had no other 
nlleiiiiit i\ e than to economize and ])iactise hol\ 
l)«>\ert\'. Fathei" Li rb.'in. <i name f;im i 1 inrl\ l)estowed 

— 15 — 

on him by his parishioners, and Brother Adam re- 
ceived a joint salary of thirty dollars per month. 
The debt of the church, the erection ol which cost 
the sum ol $5600 weighed heavily upon the good 
pastor and caused him many an anxious hour. 

The church was built of brick, the stone base- 
ment was 12 feet high, the height of the church 
from floor to ceiling being 32 feet. Of the steeple 
the masonry-work only wai^ finished. The church 
windows v^ere of ordinary glass. The three altars 
were plain, brown wooden tables. The main altar 
was stationed in front of the semi-circle of the 
sanctuary, the space in the rear was used as sac- 
risty. The i^edemptorists donated an organ valued 
at $150. Such was the interior outfit of the church. 

Rev. Prov. B. J. Hafkenscheid solemnly blessed 
the church and dedicated it to the SS. Peter and 
Paul. September 23, 1849. At this time Rev. Father 
Cronenb^rg assistant priest, and Brother Felix ar- 
riv'ed at Cumberland. This priest made his pro- 
fession in the Order February 2, 1837. He w^as or- 
dained to priesthood July 3, 1842, and in the follow- 
ing year he came to America. He reached the age 
of 70 years, 8 months, and 2 days; he died at Balti- 
more, March 30, 1880. At the dedication of the 
Church one of the Redemptorist Fathers delivered 
the sermon. The parish made rapid progress in 
spiritual as well as temporal matters under the 
energetic and wise measures adopted by Rev. Ur- 
banczeck. He is described as a man of great piety 
and mortification, and possessing great ability to 
govern and lead a parish. At one time he found it 
necessary to threaten the uayward members that 
he would be compelled to shake the dust from off 
hi'; feet and leave if they were not more tractable. 
This brought about a change for the better, and the 
debt was cancelled without having recourse to 
fairs and picnics. This state of affairs continued 
during the entire pastorate of the Redemptorist 
Fathers. The pew rent, which was not very high, 
being only one dollar per seat for three months, 
and Sunday collections were the only means with 
which the debt was eventually paid. Yet more so- 
licitous was the good pastor to promote the spiri- 
tual welfare of his flock. He instructed the chil- 
dren in catechism and prepared them for conlession 


taught them how to recite the Rosary and the Wa\- 
ol the Cross. He also taujjjht the children popular 
songs, assisting them with his sonorous voice. At 
the close of the year 1849 the Very Rev. Halken- 
scheid and Rev. F. Holzer held a mission at Christ- 
mas. W'hicli proved a great spiritual benelit to the 
parish. In making reference to the school it may 
be stated that Brother Adam had 5b pupils. Among 
them were some very promising students of whom 
one little chubby-cheeked lad attracted the good 
Brother's especial attention, and the boy, too, was 
much attached to the good Brother. This was Bene- 
dict Neidhart, now Rector in New Orlccins. Besides 
officiating as teacher. Brother Adam was also sac- 
ristan, porter and cook; it is highly probable that 
he swung the ladle in the school room. 

Father Cronenberg, the assistant priest, atten- 
ded also to the spiritual wants of the Catholics at 
Westernport. Allegany County, Md. 

The accounts of the Church lor the year 1849 
are as follows: — 

Income, $1487.59; Disbursements, S2812.84; Bap- 
tisms. 12; First Communicants, 12; Communionsduring 
the year, 500; the number of members euro! led in 
the Confraternit\ of the Holy Rosar\ was 97. 



In this \ear the zecik)us and beneficial hibois 
of Rev. Father Urbanczeck and Father Cronenberg 
were continued in the same manner. Two Masses 
were daily celebrated. Sundays the early Mass 
began at six o'clock, high Mass at ten o'clock, and 
in the afternoon Vespers, Christian Doctrine and 
Benediction. A new home was built this year to 
be used as a convent and a residence for the priests. 
This building was closely connected on the noith 
side to the church, comprising the entire breadth 
ol the church, 50 feet; its length extending to the 
end of the church lot was 63 feet. It was a two- 
story building; the attic floor was afterwards used 
as rooms for the students, counting two students 
lor one apartment. The purchase of a cemeter\' 
was proposed by Hev. Father Urbanczeck. 

The cemetery in the rear of St. Patrick's Church 
had ser^•ed up to this time both English and Ger- 
man Catholics. 

Two and one-eight acres of land adjoining the 
Episcopalean cemetery on Rose Hill, were bought 
by the Germans. They paid $100 per acre making 
the total sum S212. This piece of ground was di- 
vided into lots which were apportioned among the 
members of the congregation at S15 per lot. 

The deed of this cemetery is in the hands ot the 
Most Rev. Archbishop. 

Mr. Wiesel filled the position of organist gratis 
for five years, he then received SlOO per year lor 
his services. 

The financial statement and records of the 
church for the year 1850 are: — 

Income. ,S2264.62; Disbursements, 3541.92; First 
communicants, 13; Communions during \ ear, 3760; 
Baptisms, 81; Marriages, 20; Mixed marriages, 1; 
Deaths, 9; Inxested with the five-fold Scapular, 
75. . 


The new home being completed in lcS5() the re- 
moval of the clerical students into their new home 
now took place. They were in need ol more exten- 
sive grounds. Mr. Wiesel was therefore commis- 
sioned by the Very Rev. Prov. Hafkenscheid to 
purchase lot 150, the same which could have been 
obtained previously for the sum of S250. The time 
in which this lot was salable for 3250 having expired. 
Mr. Wiesel urged the Fathers to buy it. but the 
Redemptorists not being in need of it declined its 
purchase and it was sold to N. N. for $300. It was 
now bought for $550. It was located on the norih 
side of the church lot No. 150. The deed was dated 
May 30, 1851, from N. N. to Bernard Hafkenscheid. 
This deed was alterwards transferred to (.abriel 
Rumpler and George Ruland b> H. Hafkenscheid. 
In course of time the Redemptorists recei\ed 
through the agency of Mathias Heii/.inger — committee 
ol (jcorge Ruland a deed in their own name, June 
6, 1(S5(). The house and garden being now ready for 
the students, the new Pastor and Superior P. Louis 
Dold arrived April 4, 1«51. 

He was born October 2iS, 1(S21. in Helginm; c.nne 
to America March 19, lcS51; made j^rofess in the Or 
der \o\ember 6, 1(S43; was ordained December 21, 
bS50. and died December 29. 1(S,S2 in Philadelphia, 
in the Con\'ent of St. Peter. His prominence as a 
lingnist enabled liini to accomplish much good 
among all classes. l.nglish. (leinians, French, 
Dntch. Hal ians, and Si)aniai(ls w ere a like benefited 
b\ his \ igorous acti\il\ lor their spiritual wants. 
Mis genins lor the arl ol drawing and designing; 
was greallx admired b\ ail. ll was he that not onl\ 
designed bnl also directed theworkol the beaut il nl 
(iolhic altar and i)nlpil. In the \ear 1(S5.S he left 
Cumberland lor St. Thomas, W. 1.. from whence he 

— v:) — 

was sent Lo Chili and Fern, rctnrning in his six- 
tieth year to the United States. Besides Father 
Dold, Rev. Father Luette and Father Duffy— an 
Irishman—came to Cumberland as professors. The 
latter was born February 28. 1826; made profess 
September 24. 1848; was ordained Julv 20. 1849. 
Father Duffy was called from Cumberland the fol- 
lowing August 1831, and stationed at New Orleans 
where he was highly venerated by all on account 
ol his zeal for the salvation of souls. He died Sep- 
tember 8. 1847. in Chatawa. Miss. To supply the 
vacancy that the removal of Father Duffy occa- 
sioned. Rev. F. Louis was sent to Cumberland. In 
1852 he left the Congregation of Redemptorists, At 
the same time that Rev. F. Dold came to Cumber- 
land, the Fathers Urbanczeck and Cronenberg left 
SS. Peter and Paul's Church. A debt of S224.28 
resting on the cemetery was paid by Father Dold. 
This sum consisted of various loans made for that 
purpose. Brother Pius carved a large crucifix 
which was erected on the new burial ground. 
During Father Dold's administration considerable 
improvements were made. The erection of the 
steeple, Gothic design, was completed December 1. 
Its completion caused an outlay of 5955.24, of which 
amount only 3469.12 were contributed by extra 
collections, the difference being paid by means of 
loans. The proposition of having the town-clock 
in the steeple was rejected by the Redemptorists, 
it was then offered to the new German Lutheran 
Church which was built at the same time with SS. Pe- 
ter and Paul's Church. The inside of the church was 
greatly improved by the addition of a new high 
altar which the Brothers Pius and Felix construc- 
ted. The architectural design of the altar is (Jothic. 
A massive marble slab extending over the entire 
width of the altar serves as the altar tai)le. The 
Iront part of the table rests on six small and beau- 
tilully ornamented pillars. The revolving taber- 
nacle consisting of four apartments terminates in 
an arched throne-niche, the shape being that of a 
sinall tower. The side altars were decorated with 
pictures of the Blessed \'irgin Mary and Si. .Joseph, 
but these were painted on the walls and it was said 
that tlie\' presented a fair appearance at a distance. 
An organ that had been used in St. Peter's Church 

— 20 — 

in Philadelphia was bought lor $600. The construc- 
tion of this organ admitted ol further additions. 
Mr. Berger took charge of the work to enlarge the 
same at an expenditure of S800; thus entailing a 
total cost of $1400. A stone wall erected around the 
church grounds was another expense of $300 lor 
this year. 

November 13, 1851, the Most Rev. Francis Ken- 
drick, D. D. administered the holy Sacrament of Con- 
llrmation to 55 persons. 

Financial statement and record lor the year 1851: 
Income, S2123.42. Disbursements, $3226.06. Bap- 
tisms, 87. Communions during year, 5943. Mar- 
riages 13. Mixed marriages, 2. First communi- 
cants. 13. Received into the Arch-Confraternitv of 
the Blessed Heart of Mary, 304. Invested with' the 
Scapular, 90. 

Ihe Confraternity to the Blessed Heart ol Mar\- 
lor the conversion ol sinners was canonically estab- 
lished August 24, 1851, and also affiliated to the 
jirincipal church, Notre Dame des \'ictoires in 
Paris, so that all the indulgences could be gained 
by the members. Nearl\' all the Parishioners were 
inscribed in this Confraternity , the welfare and 
growth of which was carefully promoted. I^veix 
lirst Sunday of the month devotion with sermon 
was held at 7 P. M. Septuagesima Sunday, the Titu- 
lar Feast oi the Confrateinity, was celebrated with 
great solemnity, and the members were requested 
to receive the sacraments on this special occasion, 
in order to gain the man\ indulgences ol the Feast. 
In the year 1851, William Luehrman, a resident of 
Cumberland, was appointed as teacher of the par- 
ish school, but he soon discovered he was better 
fitted for the priesthood. He made his profession 
in the Order on April 24, 1854, at the age of 27 
years and 4 days, and ^^ as ordained on September 
24. 1858. He died August 7. 1870. alter a long v.ud 
painful illness at Chntnwa, Miss. 

<^ fHi ^ 

/ -11111:: 



Under the able and effective guidance of the pas- 
tor. Rev. F. Doid, the prosperity ot the German 
Congregation was marked by a steady increase. 
Tlic debt of $581. (S4 remaining on the steeple was 
l)aid. also the sum of $239 due on the cemetery was 
canceled. Stately bells having a magnificent chime 
were now purchased; these bells proved themselves 
an ornament not only to the church but to the whole 
town. The three bells of which the largest weighed 
lOOO pounds, the next in size 600, and the smallest 
300, were the finest of all the bells in Cumberland. 
The two largest had the inscription: "West Troy. 
1832;" the smallest had "Meneely's Foundry, 1850." 
Their purchase price amounting to 5/24 was paid 
by Rev. F. Dold, the amount being obtained by 
voluntary contributions. The ensuing Easter Sun- 
day the harmonious chimes of the new bells sent 
out their joyous peals from the belfry for the first 
time. The consecration of the cemetery was next 
in order, and on this occasion Father Dold deli\- 
ered a most impressive oration. The school rooms 
were yet in the basement of the church. The neces- 
sity of a school house was apparent to all. A cer- 
tain building called "Alleghany County Academy" 
with its grounds on Academy Hill, situated west 
of the church, and adjoining Plumb alley, seemed 
to be the most appropriate site. The academy was 
situated on the first of these lots. "Lot No. 143," on 
the corner of Fayette street and Plumb alley, being 
of same dimensions and on the same line cis the state 
lots already described. The academy was a brick 
structure and contained two large school rooms. 
The lot with the building was deeded to the f^rovm- 
cial Rev. B. Hafkenscheid, by Patrick H. Healy. 
for the sum of S1500. S500 being paid in cash and lor 
the balance two promissory notes were issued, 'i he 

second, "Lot No. 151," located on the north side of 
the first and also ol same dimensions, adjoining 
"Lot No. 145." was deeded to Provincial B. Hai- 
kenscheid, by Joseph Schriever, December 3. 1851. 
for S5()0. of which S168 was paid in cash, for the 
remainder two promissory notes, each for $166, were 
given. Reference is also made to a law-suit brought 
against the Redemptorists disputing their rights to 
buy these lots. On account of the suit being brought 
against the Redemptorists instead of Rev. Bernard 
Hafkenscheid, as it was he and not the Redemp- 
torists that bought the land, the law suit was sup- 
pressed. After considerable dela\' these two lots 
were sold to .lohn Dyker, September 3. 1864. in 
pursuance of the authority given by Rev. B. Hat- 
kenscheid, and was then transferred by a power of 
attorney to the Redemptorists and their successors 
for SIOOO. The academy building, or the old public 
school house as it was commonly called, was used 
as a parish school immediateU after the first pur- 
chase in 1852 and remained in use for this purpose 
until the Carmelite Fathers built a new school 
house. In this year the pressing necessity ol en- 
larging the convent or rectory was taken imder 
advisement. Although the lay-brothers occupied 
the basement ol the church, there was not suthcient 
room in the house for the priests and ten students. 
In consequence of want of space tour theological 
students vveie sent to Rochester, the others con- 
tinuing their couise in Cumberland. Ihe arri\al 
of I'ather Van de Braak from Belgium to Cumber- 
land is noted in this year's record. 

I'inancial statement and record for the \ear 

Inctmie, S23()7.09. l)isbui\scnients, $2962.11. Bap- 
tisms. 99. First Communicants. 20. Communions 
during \ ear 7975. F^niolled in the Confraternity 
(.1 the l^lessed Heart of Mary. 51; this Confrater- 
nit\ had now 320 members. The Rosar\ Conlrater- 
nity had at this time 119 members, and St. Aloy- 
sius' Societ\' ol \ Oung Mcii, 25. 


Rev. Father Dolcl was succeeded as Pastor and 
Superior by Father Fr. Luette. This priest was 
born in Baden and received his ordination in 1847, 
and emigrated to this country in 1848. He offici- 
ated as Pastor and Superior at SS. Peter and Paul's 
Church in Cumberland till 1854, Father Dold hav- 
ing charge of the students. Father Louis Claessens 
then came to Cumberland as assistant. This good 
priest was drowned at Annapolis July 9, 1866. He 
was born November 27, 1827; made his profession in 
the Order, October 15, 1849, and was ordained 
March 26, 1853. The Most Rev. Archbishop, Fran- 
cis P. Kenrick confirmed 54 persons. This saiue 
year a terrible scourge in the guise of cholera 
made its dreadful appearance in Cumberland. A 
heavy rain of three days' duration caused Will's 
Creek to overflow, the rain being followed by a 
temperature of extreme heat produced deadly ex- 
halations which brought on the severe affliction. 
The daily record of victims to the cholera was about 
nine. The Queen Cit\' of the Mountains was not re- 
lieved of this calamity until the latter part ol 

Financial statement and record of SS. Peter and 
Paul's Church for the vear 1853: 

Income. $2538.49. D^isbursements, $1573.65. Bap- 
tisms, 84. Marriages, 23. Mixed Marriages, 5. 
Deaths, 28. First Communicants, 12. Communions 
during the year, 7538. Number of members of the 
Confraternity of the Blessed Heart of Mary, 320. 
Number of Members of St. Aloysius' Young Men's 
Societv. 25. 


Father Fridolin Liiette continued as Superior 
and Pastor until April 25, lcS54, when Father Van 
de Braak became his successor in both functions. 
This Father remained at SS. Peter and Paul's, with 
a short interruption, until 1862, inclusive. His 
pastorate was remarkable for many improvements 
in the church. He was a Belgian and came to this 
country in 1852; was professed October 15, 1843; or- 
dained April 22, 1848. In 1872 he returned to Hol- 
land and died in the Convent at Rosenthal, 
January 22. 1892. During his administration in 
Cumberland, which lasted ten years, he gained the 
affection of all those he came in contact with b\- 
his affability, openheartedness.and sincerity. Fven 
those that belonged to other denominations were 
attracted to him. He spoke French fluently ;English 
he began to study when he was appointed Pasloi\ 
Father Luette was appointed Prefect of the students 
instead of Father Dold, but the same \ear he was 
sent to New York to apply himself to mission work, 
on account oi his being ol robust health. leather 
Dold, luitil now Prefect of the students, was re 
moved to Rochester. !\ . \ . The following Ma> 
Father Michael Mueller was sent to Cumberland. 
He was born in Prussia 1825. and was ordained 1853. 
He was elected Prefect of students in Father Lu- 
ctte's place; he was also Professor of Philosophy'. 
At present he is stationed at St. .Jacob's in Balti- 
more. Md. Ml-. .J. B. .Mueller stated in his Direc- 
tory ol (ierman Priests ol this countr\'. 1882: "Rew 
Father Michael Mueller, as author and translator oi 
a laige nunibei" ol poi)ular and instruct ixe books, 
has done eminent serxice b\ his literarx woiks. " 

i'alher \ an de Hraak /.eal«)usl\ endcaxoied to 
inii)ro\c the lcni|K)ral affairs ol the Con\enl. 
lie dis|)la\<.(l his'-kiM in hixing onl ihcgroiirals 

ol the garden. He planted grape \ ines and 
fruit trees, and arranged the flowers and shrubbery 
in such a manner as to produce the most pleasing ei- 
fecL FatherVan de Braak contracted with Mr. Walter 
to erect a home lor the students at the southeast 
cornel" of the church. This buiiding, whose length 
was 50 feet and its width 40. was begun in 1854. The 
west side, wdiich was 40 feet in breadth, was partly 
joined to the front and partly to the east side of the 
church, the south side being 50 feet in length, ran 
to Fayette street. A debt of S1224 due on the organ, 
wdiich was completed during Father Luette's term, 
was remitted this year. 

Financial statement and record of the church for 
the year 1854: 

Income, $2170.39. Disbursements, $2047.08. Bap- 
tisms, 91; in this number are included the baptisms 
of several negro slaves. First communicants, 32. 
Communions during year, 10453. Marriages, 31. 
Mixed Marriages, 3. Deaths, 58, of which three 
were sudden, the penitents departing this lile with- 
out having received the holy rites of the church. 

New Members of the Confraternity of the Blessed 
Heart of Mary, 20. New Members of the Confra- 
ternity of the Holy Rosary, 305. New members of 
St. Aloysius' Young Men's Society, 22. 


Father Van de Braak, Superior and Pastor, Father 
Michael Mueller, Professor and Prefect, Father 
Louis Claessens, Professor of Philosophy, remained 
during this year in their respective otfices. The 
college of the students was completed this year. 
The lower story formed a spacious refectory-, whilst 
the three upper floors furnished sufficient room tor a 1 1. 
The number of students necessitated an addition to 
the garden. Lot" No. 147"was now purchased for the 
Convent. This lot — one of the state land lots— was of the 
same area as those already purchased, namely, 101 
by 178 feet: its location was iii the same direction 
as the one upon which the church was built. The 
length of this lot joined the east side of the church 
lots, whose southern width and the eastern length 
of the lot above mentioned, form the corner of Fay- 
ette and Johnson streets. This lot was deeded Ma\- 
18. 1835. in fee simple, that is, absolute fee to Rev. 
Father Pro\ incial Ruland by Mr. Thomas Clai-ke 
and .Tohn C Rodgers for $450. 

Re\ . (ieorgc Riihind. Provin.cial since .Ianuar\- 
30. 1854. went to Rome with Fathers .1. Mueller 
and Alexander Cvitkovizk to attend the (ieneral 
Chapter in which the Rc\-. F. Nicholas Meuror 
was elected first General ol I he congregation, who 
was to reside in Rome. B> him Rew (i. Ruland 
was confirmed as Provincial for this country. Re\ . 
F. .Joseph Mueller having received the appointment 
of Master of Novices returned to Cumberland, ac- 
comi)anied b\ ten no\ices. kathei' Mueller was 
born at Dinkelspiel, Bavaria, November 21. 1805; 
lie entered the Order alter his ordination, and was 
professed .August 1. 1813. His accomplishments as 
orator, citechist , and conlcssoi" w ere extraord .'uary . 
He held the ollice ol Superior in \e\\ NOrk, Pitts 
burg, IJallinuiie. an.l Chicago. lie (lei)arle!l this 

)ilc at St. Jacob's in Baltimore, February 24, 1875. 
The number of students this year was thirty-two. 
The follovvinji were ordained to the priesthood 
September 12, 1855; Dominic Kraus, died January 
21, 1886, as Rector of St. Boniface, Jersey City,N, 
Y. George Deshon Bradley, born March 17, '1829- 
professed November 7, 1863: drowned July 9, 1866 
at Annapolis. Francis Van limstede (novice); born 
August 9, 1878 in Baltimore. The two Redempto- 
rists. Revs. Francis Backer and P. Hergenroether, 
assisted at Church and Convent in Cumberland. 

Ic.. (jLjLyJrcfjfi 

During the year these Fathers continued to visit 
monthly the adjoining stations, Frostburg, Western- 
port, Mount Savage, Lonaconing, Piedmont, Keyser 
Ridge, Oakland, and also several private families, 
the Donahues i>f Bean's Cove being numbered 
among them. 

The various festivities of the church were great- 
ly augmented by the presence of the large number 
of students who took part in the processions, sing- 
ing, etc. The Most Rev. Francis P. Kendrick con- 
firmed lifty-four persons, October 5, 1855. The 
death rate of this year is appalling. The mortuary 
list contains fifty-seven persons of wliom-thirt>' 
were children. Of the twenty-seven adults onl\ 
fourteen were so fortunate as to receive the last 
sacraments. A Catholic mother, whose children 
were all brought up as Protestants, could not r"e- 

— 28 — 

ceive the blessed sacrament at her death. In this 
and the previous years there was a frequent change 
of teachers. Mention is made only of two, namely, 
Mr. Samuel, and Mr. Neuheuser. 

Financial statement and church record for the 
year 1855: 

Income, $2176.88; Disbursements. $2245.63; Bap- 
tisms. 90; First Communicants, 36; Commu- 
nions received during the vear 15,398: 
Marriages, 18; Mixed Marriages. 1; Deaths, 57; 
Confraternity of the blessed Heart of Mary, 345: 
Confraternity of the Holy Rosary, 422; Society of 
St. Aloysius, 60. 


Rev. A. Urbanczeck, who had been the first 
Superior and Pastor at SS. Peter and Paul's Church 
returned to his former station. Fathers Van de 
Braalv. iMichael Mueller, Prof. P. Claessens. Do- 
minic Kraus, etc.. remained this year and assisted 
at both church and college. The number of stu- 
dents steadily increased. I he theologians occupied 
the new building. The students of philosophy were 
obliged to put up with the old rectory. Both 
buildings were inadequate for the number of occu- 
pants. The Rev. Ruland found it necessary to en- 
large the new house. Mr. Farne received the con- 
tract to build an addition which was begun in the 
latter part of June and completed before Christ- 
mas. The additional building joined the east side 
of the college, which had been built last year; it 
was also of the same dimensions, its length being 
fifty feet and width forty feet. This addition, con- 
taining five stories, was erected on the hill: the 
basement was divided into two large halls. The 
erection of both buildings necessitated an expen- 
diture oi S2().()00. A clerical stvident with the name 
of Glyn. died September 19. 1856. He was the first 
Redemptorist whose death occurred in Cumberland. 
He had been afflicted with hemorrhage of the lungs 
since July last and bore his bodily pains with such 
heroic patience and resignation that his Prefect 
and fellow students were greatly edified whenever 
the>' visited this sutfering \oung man. Rev. Ur- 
banczeck brought him holy Communion alter mid- 
night — being too weak to fast until morning -to 
satisfy his devout aspirations. Rev. Urbanczeck 
left Cumberland December cSth, being thereby re- 
lieved of the responsibilities connected with the 
office of Superior. Rev. Van de Brnak succeeded 

— 80 — 

liiiii to tlic otiicc of Superior, ^vhich he had lor- 
iiicrK' represented. 

Financial statement and church record lor the 
year 1(S56: 

Income, S2()l().75: Dishur.sements, 5120b. 72; P)ap- 
tisms, 70; Marriages. 13: Deaths, 40; First Communi- 
cants 24. Communion leceived duriujEj year 10,000; 
Number of Pupils, 100; Converts, 6. 


At the beginning of this year the following 
Redemptorists were stationed at Cumberland: 
Father Van de Braak, superior and pastor; Fr. M. 
Mueller, master of students; Fr. Louis Claessens. 
professor; Fr. Dominic Kraus, etc. Rt. Re\ . .1 . 
Nep. Neumann. C. S. S. R., \ isited the scenes ol 
his early labors, April 29th ol the present vear. 
Since March 23. 1852, he held the dignity oT the 
Bishop of Philadelphia. Fr. Kleineidam, rector of 
St. Peter's Church, Pliiladelphia. accompanied the 
Rt. Rev. Bishop to Cincinnati to attend the conse- 
cration of his coadjutor, and to return with him 
to Philadelphia. On their return they \ isited the 
Redemptorists at Cund)eiland. April the 30th. the 
Hisho]) administered minor ordeis to about t\\ent\' 
students. llie same da\ I-r. W. Waxrich. l\l. Ro- 
senbauer, Me\niann, .1. Wirth. Cornell, Weingar- 
ter and Peter Zimmer recei\ed tlu- ordci ol sub- 
deacons; the following day. Ma\ 1st, thc\ were 
made de^icons. The last four mentioned were or- 
dained .Iiuic 6. 1(S57 b\ the same Rt. Re\ . B. Neu- 
mann. 1 liese newl\ ordained priests lemained at 
Cumberland to assist in the parish. Max IcSth Re\ . 
P. M. Mueller was transieired to .Annapolis, and 
Mav 21st I'r. P. 1". Seelos was transferred from 
Annapolis to Cumberland as sn])crior and pastor. 
Their house now contained sc\t nt\ members. Re\ . 
Vr. Seelos is described ns a tall, .lender, and 
saintlx appearing man who is, e\cn at the- present 

Rev. Francis Xaver Seelos. 

-3i — 

time, venerated by his former parishioners as a 
saint. He was horn in Bavaria, January 11. 1819. 
His parents were poor but pious: his lather was 
severe, nevertheless. Francis was filled with filial 
love towards him. He began his studies in the col- 
lege at Augsburg. He also attended the university 
at Munich. In all these changes he preserved his 
innocence, and the tender, benevolent leelingsof 
his emotional heart. November 1842, being at the 
seminary in Dillingen, he was informed of his ad- 
mission by the Redemptorists of America. Although 
cherishing a deep affection for his parents, brothers 
and sisters, he followed the noble example of St. 
Francis Xavier, who, on his voyage to India, 
passed by the home of his youth, without bidding 
farewell to those he so tenderly loved. He left 
the port of Havre de Grace, March 17, 1843; arriv- 
ing at New York April 17, he entered the novi- 
tiate, and was the first novice that had the blessing 
of a regular novitiate in Ainerica. His investment 
took place May, 16, 1843 at St. .lames' in Baltimore; 
he was professed May 16, 1844 and ordained Decem- 
ber 22, 1844. He celebrated his first holy Mass on 
Christmas day, and entered the duties of priest- 
hood at Baltimore, then at Pittsburg, after which 
he was again stationed at Baltimore. Fr. Seelos 
was remarkable for the effectiveness of his ser- 
mons. He endeavored to impart to his hearers the 
love of God which so intensely inflamed his heart. 
In his exhortations to penitents to confess their 
sins, he frequently addressed them from his pulpit 
in the most impressive language, imploring them 
not to fear as the priest well knew of the many 
failures of mankind. But his favorite field was to 
impart Christian doctrine to children. He possessed 
the great ability . in explaining the mysteries of 
our holy faith, to make a most favorable impres- 
sion upon all. "Dear children," he would often 
remark, "Preserve your innocence; it is the most 
precious gift." Some desertions of members from 
the Order grieved him and led him to say that 
"Religious who have no spirit of mortification and 
prayer build their foundation upon sand which 
the first storm of temptation will blow down." In 
1857 he was removed to Baltimore, his removal 

l)ein^ crmsed h>' ill-health. Alter n short sojourn 
at Annapolis, he came to Cumberland. His emo- 
tions are expressed in the lollowing: 

"The hea\y sigh my heart does hea\e 

Is eased by the mountain air 1 breathe. 

Our Mother led me by the hand 

To my beloved Cunrberland. 

Thanks to Thee, O Mary dear, 

For the quiet spot of retirement here. 

Surrounded b> the young and pure 

That seek periection to insure. 

The liea\ y sigh my heart does hea\ e 

Is eased b>y the mountain air I breathe." 
He soon gained the esteem and affection ol all. 
being beloved in the same degree as he had been 
at Pittsburg and Baltimore. He celebrated the 
hol\^ sacrifice of Mass witli tlie utmost devotion, 
his covuiter.ance seeming to glow with celestial 
glory during the celebration. The sermons de- 
livered by him were a source of spiritual happiness 
to the faithful. After his recovery he resumed the 
1 miction of expounding Christian doctrine to his 
fold. The most prominent members of the congre- 
gation attended his instructions. The period Irom 
li37 to 1(S62 inclusive was noted for the intellectual 
letters and edif\ iiig discourses delivered b\' Father 
Seelos. During these li\e yeai's of his superinteii- 
dency in Cumberland his indefatigable zeal lor the 
salvation of souls was manifested to all. Se\eral 
m iiaculous cures are recorded in the archixes ol 
the church. Bishop O'Connor of Pittsburg desired 
Father Seelos to be his successor. The humble re- 
ligious pra\'ed and also had other.s to pray to avert 
his nomination. He was more than overjoyed in 
finding these pra\ers gianted. During the ci\il 
war\ the oppressi\e law was passed thcit religiou> 
and even priests were to be enlisted as soldiers, 
if found capable, and not able to purchase the 
ser\ice ol a substitute. The enlistment ol such 
substitutes would ha\e entailed an outla\' ol a eon 
siderable sum oi money. To avert this threatening 
danger the good Tathei' hastened direetlv' to the 
War Dei)artnienl at Washington, and to i^iesident 
l.incolu who giaciously lent a wili'ug ear to his 
pelilion. Meanwhile the fne psalms of St. Boua- 
\enture were chanted in the choir in the Redcmp- 


torists in order to obtain the protection of the 
blessed Virgin. And wonderiul to say. when the 
stndents were examined b\- the Commissioners ol 
the War Department, they were all dismissed as 
being unfit for military service. Father Seelos 
and students were transferred. June 1860. to 
Annapolis. The following November a substitute 
arrived from Europe, who took charge of the stu- 
dents. Father Seelos remained pastor until Septem- 
ber 1863, when Father Joseph Helmpraecht re- 
leased him. From that time until 1866 he was en- 
gaged in missionary work. All the missions which 
Father Seelos conducted, were eminently success- 
iul. Mention is also made of remarkable conver- 
sions. The ensuing fall of 1866 he was sent to New 
Orleans where the amiable priest, venerated and 
beloved by all, fell a victim to yellow fever, Oc- 
tober 4, 1867. The people were wont to call him 
the "blessed Father." (See "Life and Labors of 
Rev. Father F. X. Seelos" by Zimmer, Published 
by Benziger Bros.) 

At the beginning of the scholastic year. Rev. 
Louis Dold, stationed here before, returned and 
presided as professor of Divinity. Rev. F. Fred. 
Brandstaetter was engaged at the same time as 
professor of philosophy. This priest came from 
Europe. He was born July 4. 1830; ordained August 
24. 185b. and died June 8, 1890 in Pittsburg. Father 
Jacobs was professor oi rhetoric. He also iissislcd 
in the parish and was greatl^^ beloved. The erec- 
tion of a new churchat Lonaconingby Father Kraus 
deserves special mention. Father Van de Braak 
was assistant to the pastor. 

Between the church lot and school lot, and the 
lots in the rear was Plumb Alley, or more defi- 
nitely expressed, a part of Plumb Alley reaching 
from Fayette to Cumberland street. This Allc>- 
was the property of the city. Its sale was sanctioned 
by the Maryland Convention. The magistrate of 
Cumberland, however, was opposed to the sale, 
though the Redemptorists greatly desired to make 
the purchase. At the next Mayor's election the 
Fathers and students voted the Democratic ticket, 
thus contributing to the election of their neighbor, 
Mr. James .Tones, as Mavor. This gentleman being 

?,\ — 

a Irieiul ol tlic Rcdcniplorists deeded IMuuih Alley 
lo llieni lor 5300 in lee simple, Rev. (.eoige Ruland 
being Provincial at the time. 

Financial statement and church record .tor the 
year 1857: 

Income, $2296.38; Disbursements, $1390.69; Bap- 
tisms, 64; Marriages, 15; Mixed Marriages, 1; Deaths 
26; four dying suddenly without receiving the holy 
sacraments; First Communicants, 25; 

Communions received during year 17.099: 

Pupils, 110; Converts, 11. 


The lol lowing priests were stationed here this 
year: P. Francis X. Seelos. Superior, Pastor and 
Prefect; P. Van de Braak, Praefectus ecclesiae; 
P.Lewis Dold, Professor of Dogmatics,— he was sent 
to^ Philadelphia about Easter; P. Frederick Brand- 
staetter. Professor of Philosophy,— transferred to 
New York in the fall; P. Jacobs, Professor of 
Rhetoric,— who after the departure of P. Brand- 
staetter, took charge of the class of Philosophy, 
but after a short time was also transferred; P. 
Cornell, who was sent to Annapolis to complete his 
novitiate; P. Hergenroether; P. Peter Zimmer, P. 
Weingarten. and P. Joseph Wirth were removed 
in the course of the first half-part of the year. 

The tollowin^ students were ordained May 29: 
P. Frederick William VVayrich. born August 19, 
lcS34. in Trier, stationed at present in Buffalo, N. 
v.; P. Michael Rosenbauer, born October 1ft, lcS33. 
in Wurtemberg, stationed now at Saratoga Springs, 
N. Y.; and P. Heymann who celebrated his first 
Mass in our church on Corpus Christi, and in the 
evening delivered a "short but sweet sermon on 
our Lady." 

The Rev. Francis X. Tschenhens arrived in 
Cumberland June 5; this good priest was born 1801 
at Nonenbach, near Lindau, and died in Baltimore 
1877. Four days before his death he celebrated 
the Golden .Jubilee of his profession. His pro- 
fession had taken place three months after his or- 
dination. This Father as also Fathers Simeon 
Sanderl and Haetsher were among the first Rcdemp 
torists that came to thiscountry in 1832. Whilst the 
latter two were vainly endeavoring to establish at 
Greenbay an Indian Mission, P. Tschenhens tried 
to found a con\ent at Norwalk, Huron County, N. 

\ .. ill connection with the Cicrnian Catholic Cluirch. 
He was joined 1)\ iwd leathers, Frost and C/.akert 
who had jnst arri\ed Ironi Europe. They remained 
until 1(S39. when, despairingoi all hopes in erectinii. 
at this place a house ol their order, they lelt lor 
Pittsburg. The aged and zealous P. Tschenhens 
remained and in addition to his present labors 
also took charge of the neighboring missions. 

The sale of I^lumb Alley aroused the anger of the 
enemies of the Redemptorists. They declared the 
act as of no legal binding, or at least, protested 
against the same. An appeal was, therefore, made 
to Mayor Jones who had always been the friend and 
pi'otector of the Redemptorists. This gentleman 
also ga\e hopes in his declining >^ears of embra- 
cing the Catholic religion. In consequence of this 
appeal it was resolved .June 4, 185^, by the Mayor 
and the City Fathers that the purchase monex* 
would be retumed in case the sale should be de- 
clared null and void. 

Rev. P. Van de Braak announced .July 31, a 
day of fasting to the parishioners in order to pre- 
pare themselves lor the consecration of their 
church, which was to take place the next da>'. Me 
also directed them how to bear themselves during 
the ceremon\ which he explained to them. Svin- 
day, August 1, lcS5(S, many low Masses were said 
early in the morning, beginning at 4 o'clock. The 
consecration began at hall ])ast six and lasted 
until half j^ast ten. Most Re\ . Francis P. Kenrick 
officiated. Ihe folloA\'ing da\ , August 2, was the 
feast of St. Alphons, which was also celebrated 
with solemnity. At se\en o'clock in the morning 
the Most Rev. Archbishop confirmed 102 persons, 
among whom were li\e colored sla\es belonging 
to the Jamson lamil\ . .\lter solemn \ espcrs a 
relic ol St. .Xlphons was exposed loi" \eneration. 
J)uring the month of September, on account of the 
Inbilee, sermons on indulgences were deli\ered 
and the Way of the Cross was j)ublicl>- said for the 
conversion of sinners. 

Fathers Clarence A. Walwortli, Isaac f. llccker 
Augustine F. Hewit and (leoige Deshon, all of 
whom were stationed at Cumberland, had made in 
US57 tlie pioposi lion to establish a coiiNcnt lot 

JvnglLsh speaking novices. Their proposal not re- 
ceiving the sanction ol the Superiors, {'ather 
Hecker took the matter in his own hands and in 
the name of his associates started lor Rome to re- 
new his plea. He left August 5, 1857, and arrived 
on the 26th of the same month. His departure, 
however, was declared a breach of the vow of obe- 
dience and he was dismissed from the order, 
August 29. His companions desiring also to vin- 
dicate their cause urged him to appeal to the Pro- 
paganda and the hol\ Father. They were joined 
by Father Baker September 26. These five mem- 
bers were all converts and Americans. The^^ were 
released. March 16, lcS3). from all connections with 
the Redemj^torists and began to organize a new 
order. Father Walworth not being in full harmony 
with the others, withdrew and took charge of a 
parish in the diocese of Albany. Father Hecker 
was chosen Superior for the newly established 
order and he. with his three companions, compiled 
a number of rules which Archbishop Hughes iip- 
proved July 7, 1858, with the remark that he had 
neither a word to add or take from it or to niiike 
any correction. June 19. 1859, the corner-stone of 
their church was laid and dedicated to St. Paul. 
IJiey began their mission of con\erting Protestants 
in Detroit in September 1893. and since this time 
have introduced their work in many dioceses, 
awakening hopes oi converting the Protestants of 
this country to Catholicity. — See "The Mission- 
ary," a quarterly magazine issued by the Pan list 
Fathers, 60th street. New York. Besides the 
church mentioned, the Paulists have a rectory, 
nov'itiate. parish school, and publishing house. In 
Washington they possess a college, and in San 
Francisco a church with rectory. They number 
thirty-five priests, twenty-one students, and lilteen 
postulants.— Taken from the "American Iiccl. Re- 
view" of September 1897. 

The Redemptorists were very busy in outward 
missions. This is shown by the fact that on a certain 
Sunday in September of this year there were onl\' 
two holy Masses read at SS. Peter and Paul's 

A clerical student. James Ifninniel. died l)e- 

cember 30. KSStS. in the convent at CumherLiiul. 
Financial statement lor the year KSStS: 
Income. .S2001.()(S; Disbursements. .S1951.13; Church 
record for the year 1858: Baptismals. ,100; Marriages 
18; Mixed Marriages. 2; Deaths, 36; First Commu- 
nicants, 26; Communions recei\ed during the year, 
21.555; Converts, 8. 


The beginning ol this year records the lol lowing 
Fathers: P. Francis X. Seelos, Superior, Pastor 
and Prelect of Studies; P. Van de Braak, Praefec- 
tus Ecclesiae. Professor; P. Francis W. Wayrich, 
Praefectus Fcclesia., and beginning with May 8, 
Professor of Philosophy; P. Fr. Tschenhens; P. 
Jacobs; P. Hergenroether who was compelled to 
retire during the course of the year; P. Wm. Luehr- 
mann; P. John D. Zwickert, born 1833 in West- 
phalia, is at present stationed at the Church of the 
Immaculate Conception, Altoona, diocese of Pitts- 
burg, Pa.; P. Meredith, who in succeding years 
labored most success! ull\ at New Orleans and St. 
Fouis; P. .Julius Kuenzer. who died as a secular 
priest; P. M. Dausch. born at Baltimore 1836; died 
at St. Andrews. Hallimoie, .lul\ 6. 1893; P. 
.Joseph Wuest, born at Coblens. on the Rhine, now 
stationed at St. Clement's College .Saratoga Springs, 
N. Y.; P. Fugene (rrimm. born at l^oelbach, Ba- 
varia, now at St. .Joseph's College of the lathers 
of the Most i^recious Blood. Col lege\i 1 le. in the 
diocese of Fort Wayne. Ind.; and I*. Niederhauser. 
The last eight Fathers were ordained at Baltimore 
September 21, 1859. and remained at Cumberland 
to complete their "coui"se of moral." 

1 he most important e\ent of the congregation 
within this year was a hol\ mission which began 
November 6, and was conducted by the Re\ . 1 ath- 
crs P. .Joseph Clauss and I*. Neyer. 

P. Fuehrmann celebrated his first holy Mass in 
September, and on this occasion a silver chalice 

— ?,9 — 

was presented to him by St. Joseph's Society. 
The students in this year numbered seventy. 
Most Rev. Archbishop Neumann, paying a visit 
to Cumberland took occasion November 9, to con- 
fer Minor Orders on twenty students. 

Since the year 1857 the parochial school was conduc- 
ted by Mr. Krug, who received a salary of $336. 
Feeling himself called to a Religious life, he left 
Cumberland to enter the Benedictine Order of 
which he had been a member before. In course of 
time he was ordained priest, and is at present Abbot 
of the famous Convent. Monte Casino, in Italy. 
Financial statement for the year 1839: 
Income. $2,223.15; Disbursements, $1,367.29. 
Church record: Baptisms, 85; Marriages, 13; Mixed 
Marriages, 1; Deaths, 26, of which number one 
died suddenly, and two without the sacraments; 
Converts, 10; First Communicants, 27; Communions 
received during the year, 20,224, 

,, y^-<^ W.^^^^=^.. 

1 <sno. 

p. Francis X. Scclos was Superior. Pastor, Pre- 
lect of Studies and Professor of l)oj>;niatics; P. Van 
de Braak, Professor of Moral Theology, hut on 
Fehruary 1 was again made Praefectus Ecclesiae, 
owing to the departure of P. Francis W. Wayrich; 
who was sent as missionary to Philadelphia: P. Mi- 
chael Dausch was made Professor of Phil- 
osophy after the departure of P. Wayrich; P. 
W. Lnehrmann. P. John D. Zwickert. P. Mere- 
dith, P. Julius Kuenzer and P. Joseph Wuest were 
sent in April to Philadelphia to enter the second 

The following clerics were ordained priests 
June 2: P. N. .Jaeckel. horn at Ulrichshausen. Kui-- 
hessen, at present stationed at St. A Iphonsus' Con- 
vent. St. Louis, Mo.; P. Bernard Arant, born at 
Ilei ligenstadt. Saxony. August 21, 1<S32. made his 
vows March 2. 1852, and died May 1. 1W7. ;it An 
napolis, Md.; P. Lewis Ewald, born at Kahn, in the 
diocese of l\aderborn. 1822, died March 27, 1886, at 
IMiilaflelphia; P. L. Hwald celebrated his lirst hol\- 
Mass at Cnnibcrland . June 7. 1 he three newly 
ordained priests remained at Cumberland. On 

this occcision a beautiful carpet was bought lor 
about $]()(), v\hich was paid b\' means ol presents 
and raniing of sexeral pictures. 

The following incident will show that P. Van de 
Braak was not only a zealous but also a successlul 
pastor. A week previous to Lent he was called to a 
\()ung Fnglishman whom he prepared for a happ\ 
death. Two comrades oi the d\ ing man were pres- 
ent. P. Van de Braak admonished them also, and 
I hex at once desired to recei\e the Saci'aments oi 
Peuance. P. \'an de Braak ad\ ised them to come 
to the coiuent to recei\e the necessar\' instructions. 

— 41 — l)y the ji;ood example ot these two young men, 
thirteen iol lowed their footsteps by attending the 
instructions of P. Meredith, and in the course of 
two weeks all had made a good confession. 

The Roman inspector. P. Verheyen. came Au- 
gust 24. being accompanied by P. Condenhove. 
During his visitation he took up a collection for the 
hoU' Father. 

October 27, the Most Rev. Archbishop F. P. 
Kenrick administered the holy sacrament of Con- 
firnnation to 58 persons. 11 of whom were converts. 
The school was this year conducted by Brother 
Adam Parr. He was assisted by P. Sheenan vmtil 
he thought himself capable of teaching Fnglish. 
Brother Parr was born August 8. 1824, and made 
Profess March 26, 1852. 

The organ at which teacher Krug presided was 
again put in charge of Mr. Michael Wiesel. But as 
Mr. Wiesel was organist at St. Patrick's Church, 
his son Henry directed the choir until the year 
1864, when he entered the college at Baltimore. 

Financial statement for the year 1860: 

Income. .S2,911.19; disbursements, $1,360.16. 
Church record: Baptisms, 73; Marriages, 6; Mixed 
Marriages, 1; Deaths, 22, one of the deceased was 
drowned in the Potomac River; First Communicants 
30; Communions received during the year, 17,130; 
Converts, 8. 


The following were stationed at Cumheiianci: 
Father Francis X. Seelos, Superior. Pastor and 
Prefect; Father Van de Braak, Prefectus Eccle- 
siae, and Professor: Father F. X. Tschenhens, As- 
sistant: Father Jacobs. P. Bernard Arrant, P. 
Nicholas Jaeckel, P. Lewis Ewald, P. Bradley. P. 
Charles Wensierski, P. Adam Kreis, born 1836. in 
Baltimore, ordained September 21. 1861, at present 
at St. Alphonsus'. New York. The latter two accom- 
panied Fathers Jaeckel. Arrcint and Ewald with 
students to the house of their second novitiate. Jan- 
uary 9. 1861. Brother Adam left Cumberland 
where he had been stationed at the beginninj.^ of 
the building of the convent, and had made himself 
useful for several years as teacher of the parish 
school. From here he was sent to Annapolis and is 
now stationed at Saratoga, N. Y. 

In the present year the school opened with two 
classes, one for the large, and the other lor Ihc 
small children. Miss Helena Fuerst and Miss Mary 
Loefllcr were assigned as teachers, in which ca- 
pacit>' the>' remained as long as the Kedcmptor- 
ists were in Cumbeiland. The girls were also in- 
structed in needlework. The salar\- ol each teach- 
er was ,5200 per year. 

The salar\' ot Pastor and Sacristan lor this \car 
was S80(). ^ .. 

Fathers Seelos, Wissel,an<l Jacobs began April 
14, in St. Patiick's Church a mission which lasted 
ten da\ s. Ihis being a >ear of the late Ci\il War, 
Zouaxes I rom the State ol Indiana were canii)e(l in 
and around Cumberland. It was rei)orted .lune 19 
that the rebels ol \ irginia were approaching. 
Man\' of the inhabitants leil the town, and a dead 
calm ensued. I he lather Sni)erior oidered his co 

— A\i — 

laborers to prepare themselves lor any emergency 
which might arise, and in case of danger to assem- 
ble in the refectory. Morning arrived, but nothing 
had occurred. The same day the report was spread 
that weapons of war were concealed in the convent 
and that it must be stormed. Captain Fahnestock 
entered with armed men and Father Van de Braak 
invited them to search the whole house. The Colo- 
nel of the Indiana Zouaves excused himself after- 
wards to the effect that the Captain had acted soleU- 
upon his own authority. Upon the request of P. 
Van de Braak, the actual circumstances w^ere pub- 
lished in order that the Colonel and Convent might 
be exonerated from all accusations. 

The students were taking a walk August 19 near 
the border line of Virginia. They were taken for 
Virginians, and the town militia marched against 
them. An outpost fired three shots at the students 
but fortimately without any serious effect. It was 
soon ascertained that they were not Virginians, but 
students. Through this discovery they were res- 
cued from impending danger. The Mayor re- 
quested that the students be prohibited from ex- 
tending their walk to the hills. The request was 
complied with. 

Among the missions already' mentioned. Father 
Superior, with Fathers Tschenhens and Bradle\' 
conducted one in "Herman's Bottom" in the dio- 
cese of Pittsl^urg. On the application to Rome tor 
permission, the Blessed Sacrament was placed in an 
oratory of their convent. February 17. 1862. Dur- 
ing the vacation of 1861, the stvidents removed the 
walls of three adjoining rooms in the third story, 
and thus provided a spacious hall which was occu- 
pied as oratory as long as their clerical college re- 
mained at Cumberland. 

This year an excavation under the whole length 
of the church w^as dug by which a passage on the 
w^est side of the church's length w^as made to the 
front yard of the school building. The expense 
amounted to S122. 

Financial statement for the vear 1861: 

Income. 52.015.90; disbursements. $2,654.78. 
Church record: Baptisms. 82; Marriages. 7; 
Deaths, 22. of which number one was a negro 

— 44 

woman \vho died sudden h on her way to eliurch: 
she had received holy Conmiunion three days be- 
fore her death. One was burned to death; two 
adults could not receive holy Communion owing to 
their disease. Converts. 10; First Communicants 
18; Communions received during the year, 10,295;, 
pupils. 140. 


Rev. Father Francis X. Seelos, Superior, i*re- 
lect and Professor, departed for Annapolis, where 
he continued to direct the students. P. Van de 
Braak, Prefect and Professor, left June 12 to re- 
turn to Europe, to the great regret of the congrega- 
tion. P. Michael Mueller was appointed Rector 
and Master of Novices and arrived June 13. P. 
Thaddeus Anwander. born in Mindelheim. Bava- 

l\e\'. 'l"li;i(l(lcns Aiiu niuler. 

ria. October 28. 1823; professed October 31. 1812; or- 
dained l)ecend)cr 6. 1816; came to America as cler- 
ical student. .Tamiary 8. 1815; died in the Redeinp- 
torlsts' Convent of the Sacred Heart at Haltiniore. 

— 40 _ 

Being almost blind in the latter 3-ears of his life, 
this zealous priest could not as formerly labor so 
much for the salvation of souls; nevertheless he 
was occupied in the confessional until he drew, so 
to say, his last breath. On the Eve of All Saints he 
heard confessions until late at night, when he re- 
tired, and w^as found lifelessin bed the following 
morning, November 1, 1893. During his short stay 
in Cumberland from June 12, 1862, to December 5. 
1863, his labors were most effective. On the pulpit, 
in the confessional, and by sick calls he accom- 
plished much good. Two members of the congrega- 
tion, who were a scandal to all, especially the 
young people for a number of years, were happily 
brought to a reformed state b^^ the fatherly care 
and love of this zealous priest. P. Joseph Wuest 
arrived with seven novices June 7. 

Fathers Bernard Arandt, Nicholas Jaeckel, 
Lewis Ewald, Charles Wensierski and Adam Kreis 
were now stationed here. 

In this year the students Vv^ere transferred to 
Annapolis and the novitiate to Cumberland. Many 
of the students whose health had been impaired in 
Cumberland by chest complaints, recovered at An- 

Atlhough the departure of many a zealuos and 
beloved priest was sadly felt by the congregation 
their successors always continued in the same 
course in leading the congregation on to piety and 
spiritual prosperity. P. Anwander introduced the 
Arch-Confraternity of the Holy Family into the 
parish, and conferences were given to the members 
at the monthly meetings. This Confraternity re- 
ceived Archbishop Kenrick's approbation March 
10. 1863. 

Fathers Seelos and Wensiesky gave a mission in 
Zanesville. O. , and Father Anwander in Mount 
Savage and Meier's ?vlil!s. 

The steeple and school house underwent a reno- 
vation, and the school ground was enclosed with a 
fence. The expense occasioned by this improve- 
ment was 325.30, toward the payment of vvliich 
St. Joseph's Society contributed .SI 50, and .S73.25 
were collected in church. 

The militia stationed at Cumberland caused the 

— 4(i- • 

Redemptorisl Fathers a great deal ol work. Father 
.Jaeckel was appointed Chaplain ol the hospital, 
but the soldiers had also liee iiceess to the con\ent. 
Captain Soal, who in his boyhood received instruc- 
tion from Father Seelos, died in the hospital. The 
Redeniptorists recei\ed a pass in Januar> 1 rom 
General Sanders, by which they were granted I ree 
entrance to the hospital. ihe surgeons and 
quartermaster came .January 8. with the intention ol 
con\ erting the convent into a hospital. Father Van de 
Braak however, inlormed them that in such a case all 
the members would depart Irom Cumberland. Alter 
an inspection of the convent it w^as found too small, 
and so the project w^as not executed. 

February 10, a solemn High Mass was celebrated 
in the church to implore God's protection tor the 
convent and congregation. 

The ensuing August and September, the enrol ling 
masters arrived with a commission for dralting. 
Father Anwander and Brother Anselm Knecht 
were found liable to enrollment, although their 
station exempted them from military service. For- 
tunately they escaped with the mere enrollment of 
their names. The turbulent state of the late war 
proved a great impediment to the novitiate; its 
decrease was remarkable. 

Financial statement loi' the year 1(S62: 
Income, $2626.20; Disbursements, 32500.49. Church 
Record: Baptisms, 67; Marriages, 4; Deaths, 54; Fi ist 
Communicants, 18; Converts, 5; Communions re- 
ceived during the year, 10,611. 

id ^ 

(^ t^ i^i 

'^. T P" 



The bejiiinning ol this year records the names ol 
the lol lowing Fathers at Cumberland: P'ather Mi- 
chael Mueller. Rector and Master ol Novices; 
Father Thaddeus Anwander, Praetectus Ecclesiae, 
transierred December 5, to Baltimore; Fathers Cor- 
nel 1. Joseph Wuest, Bernard Arandt, Nicholas 
Jaeckel, Father William O'Connor, at present at 
the Church of Our Lady of Perpetual Help, Boston, 
Mass.; hather F. Albert Eberhardt, born 1837, at 
Trier, ordained March 19. 1363. He devoted his 
services for many years to the surrounding sta- 
tions, and spent, as he expressed himself, the hap- 
piest part of his life in this rich field of spiritual 
lalior. He died June 27, 1888, in Philadelphia. 

Father Anwander had also charge oi the soldiers 
in New Creek and heard their confessions. As a 
token of their gratitude tliev presented him with 
the sum of $200. 

In February a melodeon was bought for 33S.()() 
and the organ was repaired, for which purpose an 
extra collection was made. These improvements 
were made at the urgent request of Father Cornell, 
author of "Roman Chant." 

Forty Hours' Devotion took place not as here- 
tofore at Pentecost, but on the Sunday in the octave 
of Corpus Christi, and with few exceptions all the 
members of the congregation received the HoK- 

A new cross was purchased for the cemetery for 
SI 1.80. F'or the heating apparatus the sum of ,^162.25 
was expended. 

War disturbances continued. .Time 17, a party 
of Secessionists took possession of the town, but 
finding no enemy, they destroyed the bridges in 
the neighborhood and departed. 

— 48 

Financial statement for the vear 1(%3: 
Income. $2947.17; Disbursements. 52182.24. 
Church record: Baptisms, 92; Marriages. 7; 
Mixed Marriages, 2; Deaths, 33; First Communicants. 
33; Communions received during the year. 13.200; 
Pupils, 180; Converts. 5; Members of the Holy Fam- 
ily, men, 125; women, 161; young men. 73; voung 
ladies. 108. 


In this year the iol lowing priests were stationed 
here: Father Michael Mueller, Pastor and Master 
of Novices; Fathers Jaeckel, Joseph Wuest, F. Al- 
bert Eberhardt, Adam Kreis, Joseph Wirth, Jacob 
Nagei, born in 1803, in Trier, ordained 1828; emi- 
grated, 1844; died in Buffalo, N. Y., May 28, 1890; 
Fathers Julius Kuenzer, William O'Connor; Father 
Joseph Henning, born 183H in New York, ordained 
1862, now Professor at the College in Ilchester, Md. 

Father Michael Mueller took up a collection in 
August for the large, beautiful crucifix, which, at 
a later period, was placed in the school building. 

In September Fathers Wirth, Henning and Kreis 
conducted a mission in Westernport. 

At the earnest exhortation of the Father Rector, 
a Catholic school was erected at Westernport, and 
also at Frostburg. At both places the children had 
attended public schools, and were thus deprived of 
a religious education. 

August 2. there was imminent danger of the 
town being taken by the rebels. A battle took 
place in the vicinity. The inhabitants were panic 
stricken but were not molested by the enemy. 

Heretofore a salary of 8600 per annum was paitl 
to the past r; in the present year this sum was 
doubled, in order to remunerate the services of 
an assistant priest; the sacristan was paid $200, 
making a total of 31400. 

Financial statement for the year. 1864: 

Income. S2862.62. Disbursements. .S3656.06. 

Church record: Baptisms, 72; Marriages. 11; 
Mixed Marriages. 3; Deaths. 30; of which number 
one received only Fxtreme Unction; First Com 
municants, 28; Communions received dining \caf. 
10.201); Pupils. 180; Converts. 2. 


This year opened with the loHowing enrollment; 
Father Michael Mueller. Pastor and Master ol 
Novices. In August he was transferred to 
Baltimore; Father Nicholas Jaeckel was appointed 
Rector, now stationed at St. Louis; Father Henr\- 
Danenhauer. born in 1833, ordained 1863. succeeded 
Father Mueller as Master of Novices, and died 
as such in Saratoga, July 19, 1891; Fathers Joseph 
Wucst, Jul ins Kuenzer, F. Albert liberhaidt; Father 

William 11. (ii"oss, was consccialcd Hisliop of S;i- 
vaiinali, (ia., Apiil 27, 1873. He is Archbishop ol 
Oiegon since Februar\- 1, 1885. Father I'lancis 
Peter I'rischbier, born 1827, at Cochem. on the 
MoscI, oi-(lai ned 1851, at present at St. \Iicliaers, 
jjaltimore; Father (ileeson. 

The .Inbilee proclaimed b\ the llolv Father 
bigaa August 13. During the .lubilee a priest was 

— ol — 

appointed to attend to the members of the Confra- 
teinity of the Sacred Heart of Mary, whereiipow 
manv new members were enrolled. 

May 7, the Most Rev. Martin John Spalding 
confirmed 95 persons at SS. Peter and Paul's Church. 
The parishioners were requested to assist the Catho- 
lics in Lonaconing to complete their church, as the 
Most Rev. Archbishop greatly desired its com- 
pletion. Two priests made a collection in the 
parish for the purpose, thus mutually assisting 
each other as the Cumberlanders had been pecuni- 
arily assisted in the erection of their church by 
the Catholics of Lonaconing. 

A staircase leading from the west side of the 
Convent into the Church gallery was built this 

The tuition fee which was hitherto only twenty- 
five cents a month, was now made fifty cents. 

Mr. Michael Wiesel, who again took charge of 
the organ, continued in this service until his death, 
August 19, 1889. He had discharged his duty faith- 
fully since 1849. 

Financial statement for the year 1865 : 

Income. $3970.95; Disbursements, $2786.03. 

Church record: Baptisms, 66; Marriages, 51; 
Mixed Marriages. 5; Deaths. 31; Converts, 5; New 
Members of the Sacred Heart of Mary Confrater- 
nity, 251; Confraternity of the Suffering Souls, 


On the roll were placed the following names: 
Father N. Jaeckel, Director and Pastor; Fathers 
Danenhauer, Joseph Wuest, Julius Kuenzer, Wil- 
liam O'Connor, William H. Gross; Father Francis 
X. Oberle, born May 7, 1842, at Schweinheim, 
Bavaria, ordained April 1, 1865; Father Joseph 
Firle, born at Frostburg, Md., January 6, 1841, but 
reared in our congregation, ordained April 1, 1861; 
Father Charles Rosenbauer, born April 21, 1838, at 
Neresheim, Wurtemberg. ordained April 1, 1865. 
now stationed at the Mission House of the Redenip- 
torists, at Saratoga Springs, N. ^ . ; Father Law- 
rence Werner, born May 2, 1838. at OlTenbach, 
Rheinpfalz, ordained April 1. 1865. at present at 
St. Boniface's Church. Philadeli)hia: Father H. A. 
Lindenfeld. born August 3. 1837. at Dicburg, Hessen 
Darmstadt, ordained March 12 . 1861. and after 
some time withdrew from the Order; T^ather II. 
Bo\e. horn .Ianuar\ 16, 1836. at Ahrhuctte. Rhenish 
Prussia, ordained April 1, 1865, now stationed at 
the Church of Our Redeemer, New \()rk Cit\ ; 
Fathers Francis Frischbier and (ileeson. 

Father N. .Jaeckel designated February 12, the 
altar of the Blessed \'irgin Maiy for the Confra- 
ternit\ of the Ilol\ Famil\. lie also canonical ly 
organ i/.e(| the Conl ratcrnit\ ol the Poor Souls. 
It wiis alliliated February 11, with the Confra- 
ternitx ol Monteronc. and approxed h\ liic Most 
Rev. Archbishop Martin .John Spalding. The \ear 
previous 190 persons joined; this year showed 
an enrol Iment of 77. 

A recoid of Father N. .laeckel. dated Septem- 
hei- 20, 1866. stales that the church hiiilt on Lot No. 
116 has lull power to legalix proclaim the bans ol 

marriage in accordance with the general laws of 

The Superiors desiring to have the novitiate and 
college nearer the Provincial residence at Balti- 
more, made arrangements lor the sale of the con- 
vent. The Carmelite Fathers were favorably in- 
clined to its acquisition. Father Cyril Knoll came 
for this purpose September 21 f 1866. Father 
.Joseph Helmpraecht, Provincial of the Redempto- 
rists. sold all the land in the rear of the church on 
.Johnson and Fayette streets, namely. Lots 147, 145, 
150. 151, also the small piece of ground which formed 
part of Plumb Allev, including the building on 
same, to .John E. Knoll for S2(),()(H). The Redemp- 
torist Fathers received S2,()(K) in cash, and for the 
balance promissory notes, due .June 1, 1872, were 
given. The deed was placed in the hands of Father 
Cyril Knoll, (.John E. Knoll) February 19, 1874. 

In July 1866, the roof of the church was covered 
with slate at a cost of vSl 185.94. To meet this ex- 
pense, a sum of S1049.50 was realized by means of a 
raffle for a music box and extra collections. 

During the course of this year, twenty-two per- 
sons were received into the Confraternity of the 
Sacred Heart of Mary. 

The teacher's salary amounted to S700. It was 
the last year that the school was conducted b^^ lay 
teachers. The Redemptorists withdrew from SS. 
Peter and Paul's Church in fall. Father Wuesl 
being the last to depart, left October 30. Their 
departure caused uni\ersal .sorrow, among the 

The Redemptorist Fathers gave October 20 the 
cash assets of the church consisting of 5686.14 to 
the Commissarv General of the Carmelites, Father 
C. Knoll. 

How successfully the Redemptorists had labored 
is shown by the number of members of this congre- 
gation, who had joined their community. They arc 
as follows: Father William Luehrmann, born April 
24, 1827, at Sckinkel, Diocese of Osnabrueck, Hano- 
ver, pronounced his vows April 24. 1854. ordained 
September 24, 1859. at Cumberland, and died Au- 
gust 7, 1870, at Chatawa, Miss., after a long and 
painful illness. 

Father John Gerdemann. born January 5, 1810. 

— .j4 — 

at Cumberland, made his \'ows January 6. 1837, or- 
dained March 21, 1863, and was drowned near An- 
napolis July 9, 1866. Fathers Claessens and Bradley 
as also Brothers John Kenny and John Range 
shared with him the same sad late. Father Gerde- 
mann was very zealous and a man ol great talents. 

Father Adam Petri, born December 3. 1839. at 
Cumberland, ordained March 21, 1863, was a number 
of years pastor of St. Philomena's Church, Pitts- 
burg, Pa., died June 1, 1889, at North East, Pa. 

Father Benedict Neithart, born March 21. 1840, 
at Flieden, Hessen; at the age of two yearshecame 
to Cumberland, pronounced his vows April 3, 1859, 
ordained March 12, 1864, and then labored at Balti- 
more: 1866 he was sent to New Orleans where he 
happily escaped the attacks of the yellow fever in 
1867 and 1878. In 1877 Rector at New Orleans; in 
1883 Superior at St. Louis, Kansas City, and Kirk- 
wood; at present Rector of the Church of our Re- 
deemer, at Detroit, Mich. His ser\ ices are fre- 
quently devoted to missions. 

Very Rev. .Toseph Firle, born January 6, 1841, 
at Frostburg, Md.. came in his early youth to 
Cumberland with his parents, made profess March 
2, 1858, ordained April 1, 1865, was Master of No- 
vices at Kansas City, now Rector of St. Alphons', 
New Orleans. La. 

Father Nicholas Firle. born September 18. 1842, 
came to Cumberland with his brothei". Father 
Joseph Firle, made profess December 8, 1859, or- 
dained April 6, 1866, was Master of Novices at 
Annapolis, Md.; now at St. .Joseph's Church. Balti- 
nu)re. Md. 

Father Henry Dressmann. born April 11, 1849, 
at Cumberland, made profess December 8, 1867, 
ordained May 20, 1875, at present Superior at the 
Church of the Sacred Heart. Baltimore, Md. 
Brothel- Anselm Knecht at Annapolis, Md. 

RouTTNi' Ol- i)i\'iNi-: si:r\ ici:s. 

The primary cause which made the Redemj^to- 
rist l'\'itliers so beloved and rendered their arduous 
labors so successful was their routine of divine 
serx'ice. At first tuo masses were celebi'ated on 

Sundays, at six and tcno'clock. but alter the lapse 
ol a short time so many were said that the people 
could not tail ol attending Massatany hour in the 
lorenoon. I' very Sjnday alternoon there was Ves- 
pers: instructions and Benediction were also given. 
In 1863 Father Anwander began to give instruction 
in the morning at halt-past seven; in the afternoon 
one hour was devoted lo Conferences, then Vespers 
and Benediction. The devotion of the Confrater- 
nity of the Sacred Heart of Mary was held ever^- 
Sunday e\eiiing until 1865, wdien it w^as limited to 
every lirst Sunday of the month, and has continued 
thus to the present time. The days of indulgence 
of the Confraternity were duly announced, and the 
people urgently requested to profit by these days 
of grace. The Holy Rosary was recited and Bene- 
diction was given every Saturdav evening, also on 
the Vigils of Feasts, the Most R. R. Archbishop 
Kenrick sanctioned the continuance of giving Bene- 
diction at night on Sundays and Saturdays, also 
(hiring certain Octaves, such as the Immaculate 
Conception, and on all such occasions through the 
year.— Baltimore, September 20, 1858. In 1862 
special Rorate Masses were introduced, but not 
being well attended, were discontinued after the 
Carmelites left. On Christmas the first Holy Mass 
was read at midnight. In after years it was cele- 
brated at two o'clock, and at a later period there 
was another change, the students reciting the Di- 
vine Oliice at half -past two, after which were 
Mass and renewal of vow^s, the solemnity being closed 
with the hymn, Te Deum Laudamus. St. Stephen's 
day was always celebrated as a feast-day with 
High Mass and sermon. On St. .John's day High 
Mass was sung at an early hour and wine was 
blessed. The blessing of wine was discontinued in 
1(S61. On Candle-Mass day candles were blessed, 
lol lowed by a procession and a solemn High Mass. 
These services were all w^ell attended. In 1865 the 
])rocession was omitted for the first time, owing to 
the small number of clerics. Another feast day 
was that of St. .Joseph's. In 1859 Father Van de 
J5raak announced that on this day a plenary in- 
dulgence could be gained as often as desired, by 
all who recei\'ed the sacraments and recited five 
Our Fathers and five Hail Marv's. The Lenten 

— .")U — 

sermons were ji;ivcn on Suii(la\s. On Palm Sun(Ia\- 
palms were blessed, and durinj^ the pastorate ol 
Father An wander the men ol the Conlerenee took 
part in the procession. During the last three days 
of Holy Week divine services was at seven in the 
morning, iind also at se\'en in the evening. In order 
to give the farmers an opportunity to attend these 
services. Father Anwander began the morning ser- 
v^ices one hour later. During these days the Blessed 
Sacrament was placed in the repository for adora- 
tion. The resurrection was celebrated with great 
solemnity; the procession taking place either with 
the Blessed Sacrament or a curcifix. The Agnes 
Dei was blessed on Easter. On Ascension day the 
children received first Holy Communion. During 
P either Van de Braak's pastorate the May Devo- 
tions were in the evening on three week-da>s, and 
also on Sundays in connection with the sermon. 
But Father Anwander made a change by lia\ing 
Mass at half-past five with Benediction, the Litan\- 
ol the Blessed Virgin being recited after the Mass 
at half-past sev^en. Forty Hour's Devotion took 
place for the first tims on Pentecost 1858. During 
the first few years the adoration was continued 
through the night. The divine olfice was sung at 
midnight. The altar shone in a radiance of light. 
The leasts of SS. Peter and Paul were always cele- 
brated on the Sunday following. The feasts of the 
dedication of the church were celebrated October 
16, 1839, the church having been consecrated the 
year previous. On the feast of the Finding and 
lilevation of the Holy Cross a relic of the hol\- 
cross was presented to be kissed by the faithful; 
.July I, there was High Mass and also a sermon. 
During the Octaxe of All Souls, the wa>- of the 
Cross, live Our Fathei\s, the Litany of All Saints 
and all pra\ei"s connected with it were said, but 
no Benediction was gi\en. 1 inmacnlate Concept ion 
was commemorated before it was declared a feast 
of obligation. In addition to the foregoing, the 
Confraternity of the Sacred Heart of Mary and the 
Fixing Rosar\- cxistcfl from the \ery beginning of 
the congregation. ! lie members exchanged their 
Rosar\' cards exeiy month at the monastery door. 
(Ireat attention was gi\en to the ConI raternit\' of 

Scapulars. Among the great number ol plenary 
indulgences those ol July 16, the least oi jMar\- ol 
Mount Carmel and its Oetaye, the third Sunday in 
September, least of Seyen Dolors as also those oi 
Passion Sunday were announced. The Conlrater- 
nity ol the Holy Family was substituted lor that cl 
St. Aloysius', which had been established at firsf. 
The meeting of the young men took place eyery 
second Sunday in the month, and that of the yoimg 
ladies eyery third Sunday. Although the society 
was dissolved, a devotion before a beautiful statue 
of St. Aloysius took iDlace immediately after Ves- 
pers on the six Sundays dedicated to him. The 
conferences of the Holy Family were permeated 
with zeal. Besides those given on the four ordinary 
Sundays for the separate divisions, a special con- 
ference was given on every fifth Sunday in the 
month for the officers who were required to present 
their books for inspection. Although each division 
had its patron saint, a patron was chosen annually 
for each member. The principal feast of the Holy 
Family was solemnized in July in connection with 
the admission of new members or dedication to the 
Holy Family. The Confraternity of the Poor Souls 
had been established in 1865. The children were 
regularly called to confession during Ember week. 

No less attention was given to prompt payment. 
On the first, second and third Sunday of January, 
April, July and October the announcement was 
made: "Pew rent is due." The highest price paid 
for a seat was $1 per quarter. After the conse- 
cration of the church the pews were painted' and 
the rent was considerably advanced. From October, 
185cS, it was for the first five pews $1.25 per seat; 
the seats of the succeeding five SI. 12 1-2, and the 
seats of the next six $1.00; lastly those of the last 
four pews were put down to 75 cents each. From 
now on the Brother who collected the pew rent gave 
a receipt. This new regulation regarding pew rent, 
announced September 19, caused indignation among 
thi church members. The following, however, was 
read October 3. before the sermon: "All, who have 
given scandal, humbly beg pardon." 

The liberality of the congregation for a noble 
object is well shown by n collection taken ii]) for 

— 58 — 

the Holy Father September 2. ltS60. The anu»unt 
collected was v^212.25 to which was added S23.47 
given by the people of Lonaconing. 

There was also an annual collection lor luel. 

The practice of entertaining the choir with a 
"singer's treat," on the least of St. Cecelia, has 
been in vogue since 1862. 

During the pastorate of the Redemptorists. St. 
.Joseph's Society was in a flourishing condition. 
This society was organized November 22, 1845, as 
the German Roman Catholic Benevolent Society 
of Cumberland. It was incorporated February 13, 
1847, and its laws revised December, 1859, Father 
Van de Braak being at the time pastor of SS. Peter 
and Paul's. The feast of St. Joseph was chosen as 
the day for General Communion, but after a time 
the feast of the Patronage of St. Joseph was substi- 
tuted. In 1859 one hundred members received holy 
Communion at ten o'clock. 

*li^HdrL:>^M^^ , ^^^.J^J■4IMS 

\ ge3%. 

t^ ^ ^ 

iiiltove of ti)e |J. |J. @armelttc$ 

1866 - 1875. 

The calceated Carmelites began their labors at 
SS. Peter and Paul's Church October 21, 1866. 
Father Cyril us Knoll, Commissar ius. Prior, Pastor 
and Master of Novices, was born October 18, 1813, 
near Ratisbon; ordained October 31, 1838. He 
transplanted the Carmelites of Straubing, Bavaria, 
into the United States; arrived June 8, 1864, in 
company with Father X. Huber and proceeded to 
St. Joseph's, Leavenworth, Kansas, In 1881 he re- 
signed the heavy burden of his commission. He was 
beloved by all for his amiability. At present he is 
still laboring at St. Boniface's Church, Scipio, 
Anderson County, Kansas. 

Father Ludwig Guenther was born June 30, 1839, 
in Bararia: ordained August 26, 1864, emigrated to 
America December 20, 1856; was sent in 1898 to St. 
-Joseph's, Leavenworth, Kan. 

Father X. Huber, born in Bavaria, 1818, died 
October 5. 1888, aged seventy years. 

Father l^hilipp X'org. born 1S27. in Ra\.'iria, 
w:is at i\ later period Chaplain at St. .I()scj)h's Flos- 

— 60 — 

pital. Milwaukee, Wis., where he died October 
3. lcS96. 

The Carmelite Fathers leased ironi the Coiisoli- 
pation Company, the northeast corner ol our lot. 
By this transaction the command of the entire lot 
was acquired. 

Statement lor the year 1866: Collection made in 
Advent for the American College in Rome, ScS6; 
Baptisms, 91; Marriages. 15; Mixed Marriages, 2; 
Deaths, 26; New members, of the Confraternity of 
the Poor Souls, 77; of the Confraternity of the 
Sacred Heart of Mary 22. 

Tlic beginning ol this year reports the loUowing 
Fathers at the Convent: Father Cyril Knoll and 
the Fathers Lewis Guenther, Xaver Huber and 
Philipp Vogg, who were removed from Cum- 
berland toward the close of the year. Father 
Angelus Phaler came the latter part of the year. 
He was born November 5, 1831, at Eichstaett, Ba- 
varia, emigrated to America June 29, 1857, and was 
ordained August 23, 1857. He had made his novitiate 
at Rome. This year, for the first time, a Novena 
was made on the nine Wednesdays in honor of St. 
Joseph. The Novena consisted of a High Mass and 
evening services: this beautiful devotion was contin- 
ued in the following years, and was always well and 
devoutly attended by the faithful. In certain weeks 
during Easter time separate divisions were called 
to confession. 

At Pentecost a third course was established for 
boys who had completed their elementary studies. 
All branches essential to practical life were to be 
taught, especial attention was to be given to Eng- 
lish branches. The monthly tuition fee was one 
dollar. But the undertaking not meeting the an- 
ticipated support, was of short duration. After 
Pentecost a chasuble and chalice were purchased 
for SI 16. This amount was collected by Mrs. Hein. 

The hearty support of all the male members of 
the church having been gained, the first bazaar 
was given at Christmas, realizing the net proceeds 
of $2688.20. The main object of the bazaar was the 
raising of funds for a new school-building. The 
old school-house, formerly known as Academy 
House, was no longer adequate for the purpose. 
As the sum gained by the bazaar did not suffice to 
begin the proposed building, recourse was had to a 
monthlv collection in 1868. Two teachers were 

emplo\e(l this \ear: their combined salar\ wn.s 

Financial statemenl ior the \ear 1(S67: Income, 
53cS34.52: Disbursements. S33()7.22. Church record: 
Baptisms. 55; Marriages. 17; Civil Marriages. 1; 
Deaths. 21. 

1 808. 

This year opened with the (ollowing Fathers at 
the Convent: Fathers Cyril Knoll. Angelus Fhaler. 
Father Peter Maher. oiclained at Rome, died 1(S(S0. 
as Superior ol the Mission at Paducah. K> . ; Fatliei" 
Anastasius Smith, born at Siimbeck. Herzogen- 
busch, Holland, ordained 1865: emigrated 1867; was 
Prior here and was elected Commissary after the 
resignation of Father C\ril. in 1898 Rector of St. 
Cecilia, Englewood. diocese of Newark; Father 
Ij;^natius McDonald, who is now at h^nglewood, N. \". 

Thealtars were embeilished at the cost of 5100. 
In order to meet this expense, two collections wert^ 
made in church. The old school house which the 
Carmel ites had bought fiom the Redemptoiists, was 
sold to the con^re.u;at'.wn for $511.87. The contract 
lor the new school buil'ling was ,u;i\en to Messrs. 
Huchhol/. and 1' niilnian foi,S(>9l7. 

ihe solemn ceremonx of la\ ing the corner-stone 
ol the new school building took place September 
28. Id Dom. p. Pent. After X'espers there was a 
grand jjrocession around the Rohmaun Block. 1 he 
piocession was lormed b\ St. .loseph's Societ\ with 
its bannei". followed l)\' eldeil\ and Nounji; men. all 
wearing the badges of the Confraternit> of the 
Holy Familw Nounjj; ladies of the same Conlra- 
lernitw girls robed in while, scliool l)o\ s, and 
final l\ the Rew CleruN. .\rri\in.ti at the place 

sermons in German and English were given before 
the ceremonies were begun. At the conclusion the 
procession formed in the same order as before, and 
returned to the church, where the festivity was 
closed WMth the hymn Te Deum. On this occasion 
§67. 89 were collected, but the people had been 
considerably taxed at other times. The subscrip- 
tions and house-collections which were closed August 
8. amounted to S2067.10. The monthly contributions 
from August to December aggregated S1092.75. 
During the erection of the school-building, the 
children were taught in the convent. It was chiefly 
owing to this reason that a new entrance was built 
in the part of the building facing the street. The 
erection ol the school-building was steadily pro- 
gressing, but on the twenty-fourth Sunday after 
Pentecost several members made known their dis- 
approval by criticising the masonry of the new build- 
ing. In consequ.nce of this dissatisfaction the new 
builidng was examined by persons expert in such mat- 
ters. No fault was found, excepting that the west- 
ern and the eastern main wall were out of plumb, 
each one-fourth inch, the former inclining and the 
latter declining. This defect was considered 
to be of no seiious consequence. The masonry 
was supposed to be solid and perfect in con- 
struction, but the following Friday, ante Dom. 
25, post Pentecost a hurricane raged in the eve- 
ning between eight and nine, during which the 
rear gable-wall collapsed. The next day a board 
of competent commissioners was called to examine 
the existing condition of the building, whether the 
side walls were injured, or if it would be adx isable 
to rebuild the gable-wall. The board decided that 
the side walls has escaped injurx , and the gable- 
walls could be re-erected without delay and tear as 
to its future stabilit\ . Tliis was done with the help 
of God. 

On the nineteenth Sunday after Pentecost the 
Most Rev. Archbishop of Baltimore. Martin .John 
Spalding, administered the holy Sacrament of Con- 

The SS. Peter and Paul's Benevolent Society, 
was organized in September of the present year. 
The following are the founders: Casper Keicliert. 

— (34 — 

Henry Hnenflcr. Joseph Ackcrman, Joseph For- 
beck, Joseph Wahl, Henry Niemann, John Haens- 
sler, John Matt, George Haenssler, Theodore Kotz 
and Joseph Hammersehmidt. 

The achnission lee was: From the age ol 18-30 
years $2.50; 30-40 years, $3.50; 40-45 years. $5. 
Any member afliicted with sickness was waited 
upon during the night by a member appointed 
lor that purpose, and also received 33 per week, 
provided there had been $300 in the treasury. The 
widow of a member deceased received as many 
dollars as there were members in the Society. 
Financial statement lor the year 1868: 
Income, $3213.79; Disbursements, $3118.58. 
Church record: Baptisms, 71; Marriages, 10; Deaths, 


The pastoral care was in charge of Father Cyril 
Knoll, Father Xaver Huber, Father Martin Keller, 
now an aged secular priest. Father Norbert Bauscli. 
born December 7, 1840. at Thalheim. near Limburg, 
Nassau, emigrated in 1837, ordained June 29, 1869, 
now Rector at St. Francis Church, Homestead, 

This was a year of grace, it being blessed w4th 
the celebration of a General Jubilee. Daily solemn 
services inspired the faithful to gain the great 
indulgence. The services began on a Sunday, May 
23. All the bells were rung for fifteen minutes 
on the day previous. There were daily sermons in 
the morning and evening during the whole week. 

The celebration of the fiftieth year of the priest- 
hood of the Holy Father Pius IX, took place April 11 
—second Sunday after Easter. After Vespers an ap- 
propriate sermon was delivered, after which the Bles- 
sed Sacrament was exposed, and a profession of the 
Cathol ic Faith was made. An hour was then devoted 
to prayer, which closed with Benediction and Te 


From the beginning ol the collections to the feast 
of Ascension Day the following sums had been con- 
tributed toward the erection of the school building: 
Collections. $4105.07, from various societies, $1800. 
The new school house was solemnly dedicated May 
30. On this happy occasion all the Societies, the 
young ladies and girls being clad in white, partici- 
pated in the grand procession. The festivity ch)sed 
with the recital of the Litany of All Saints and the 
hymn Te Deum. The collection amounted to $44. 

Rev. Father Norbert Bausch celebrated his first 
holy Mass Julv 11. At half-past nine he was es- 
corted by the school children and the societies ol 
the congregation from the convent to the church. 


Alter the Veni Creator he celebrated his first Holy^ 

Mass. During the Christmas holidays a lair was hel4 

netting approximately $4000, 

Financial statement lor the year 1869: 

Income, $2672.22; Disbursements, $3011.39, 

Church record: Baptisms. 6cS: Marriages, 10; 

Deaths, 19. 


This year records Fathers Cyril Knoll, Norbert 
Bausch, Father Benno Jansen, D. D., and D. C. L., 
born at Aachen, Professor at Heidelberg, became 
a Jesuit priest after the death of his wife, labored 
for some time among the Iroquois, entered the 
Carmelite Order in 1863. and died lcS71. 

Father Aloysius Kamnier. born .January 9, 1843. 
at Grosskarben. Hessen Darmstadt, was ordiiined 
September 3, 1869, emigrated to America 1847, at 
present Kector at Newark, N. .1. 

Father Elias Mayer, born February 2, 1846. 
near St. Trudpert in Obermuensterthal, Baden, was 
ordained Ma>' 22, 1869, in Italy, emigrated .June 
20, 1851, now at St. Boniface's, Scipio, Anderson 
county, Kan. 

The most impoilant e\ciU ol this year was n 
holy Mission given b\ three Fathers of the Society 
of .Jesus. Jt began March 22, — second Sunda\ in 
Lent — and continued ten days. 

In April the corner-stone ol the Sisters' Resi- 
dence was laid. Very Rev. Edward Brennan. Ru- 
ral Dean of St. Patrick's Church, bles-ed the build- 
ing October 23. The celebration began with a pro- 
cession aiound the l^ohniann block. [he sot ie ties 
with theii- banners and the school children dres;ed 
in festal robes took part in same. Ihe services 
were pieceded b> an linglish ,-ind a German ser- 
mon, and closed with Benediction and Ie Deum. 
The Ursuline Sisters who had been here since lMa\ 

07 — 

20 were temporarily dwelling in a room on (ireen 
street and which had been rented by the Father 
Prior, and were therefore rejoiced to enter the 
new^ home. The names of these first Sisters are: 
Srs. Mary Boniface, Mary Xavier and Mary Mar- 

St. Joseph's Society celebrated its twenty-fifth 
anniversary with a solemn high mass November 24. 

During the week previous to Pentecost a new 
regulation was introduced by writing the names 
of those who had rented seats to their respective 

Financial statement for the year 1870: 

Income, S2,584.25; Disbursements, $2,869.35. 
Church record: Baptisms, 72; Marriages, 8; Deaths, 


The following were engaged in the pastoral du- 
ties: Fathers Cyril Knoll. Elias Mayer, Aloys 
Kammer, Ansclm DutU. The latter vvas born Au- 
gust 29, 1842, at Eichelsee, near Wurzburg, Bava- 
ria; emigrated 1867, was ordained March 26, 1871. 
After the Carmelite Fathers had given up the Con- 
vent at Cumberland, he came to Butler. I-'a.. 
where he was made pastor of St. Wendel, Carbon 
Centre, which was founded in 1875. He died as 
Prior of the Convent at Scipio, Kan., December 
10, 1895. He was a pious, modest and zealous relig- 

In January the Ursulines were found busily oc- 
cupied with preparations for a school exhibition. 
It met such a heart>' approval that upon request 
its perloiniance was repeated. 

Three da3\s were devoted to the examination ol 

In compliance with the special request ot the 
congregation, a collection was made in the church 
for the holy Father. Sunda> . June 18. Alter Ves- 
pers the Societies of SS. Peter and Paul proceeded 
to St. Patrick's Church, and being joined by its 
Societies, the\ lormed a grand procession in or- 
der to man i lest tlieir s\nipath\ lor the hol^- 

The Right Rev. M. James Ciibbons, \'icar Apos- 
tolic of North Carolina, administered the hol\ 
Sacrament of Conlirmation in the afternoon and 
also took up a collection for his poor diocese. 

The Most Re\'. Archbishop, Martin .lohn Spald- 
ing, conlerred the i\'ipal Benediction upon his dio- 
cese. On this occasion a plenary indulgence was 
announced lor all diocesans. 

A fair was given for the benefit ol the church 
ai)Out Christmas lime. 

Financial statement lor the \ ear 1871: 

Income, 32,994.52; Disbuisements, 33.001.01. 
Church record: Baptisms, 62; Marriages, 11; Deaths, 



I'atlicrs C\ril Knoll. Aloys Kammer, Elias 
Mayer, and Anselni Duell were stationed here. Dar- 
ing the absence of Father Prior, from June to Sep- 
tember, Father Elias Mayer was pastor. In Lent 
tlie enlaigement of the Church building was taken 
under ad\isement with the congregation. The old 
rectory occupying the space in the rear of the 
Church was torn down, and the improvement was 
begun on the north side. A sacristy of two stories 
was built on each side of the sanctuary. These 

side wings or sacristies extended nine feet beyond 
the length of the church. Excepting the decora- 
tion, the addition to the church was completed this 
year. A house-collection was made to cover the 
expenses incurred. 

Financial statement for the year 1872: 
Income, 82,173.14; Disbursements, 51,897.70. 
Church record: Baptisms, 69: Marriages, 12; Deaths, 



«» « 

iHi ^ 'Hi 





On this year's enrollment were the Fathers C\ - 
ril Knoll. Aloys Kanimer, Elias Mayer. Anselni 
Duell and Leander Koenig. The latter was horn 
Octoher 7, 1835, at Heiligenstadt, Saxony, studied 
in the diocese of Paderhorn. was ordained May 9, 
1859, emigrated November. 1859. became Carmelite 
but made no vows. 

The renovation ol the Church was begun in May. 
This. howe\er, caused no intermission in the di- 
vine service, the chuich being swept every Satur- 
day by the good ladies. On week-days there v. as 
but one holy Mass at half-past five, after which the 
work was begun. As tar as masonry was concerned 
the interior of the Church was completed at the 
feast of All Saints. Two new side altars with beau 
tiful zinc statues of the Blessed Virgin and St. Jo- 
seph were procured as also new stations, a new 
pulpit, a new organ and stained glass windows. Mr. 
(jernh.ardt, ol Baltimore, furnished the windows 
for .51.919. The old organ was sold to th.e Method i: I 
Chuich at Cumberland foi* .S5()(). Ihe new orga.n 
cost S3. 2(H). The pulpit aufl altars were futni:hed 
by Mr. Schroedei. Cincinnati. ihe total e.xp/cn.-e 
of the renoxation and impro\ements amounted in 
rountl numbers to 521.800. In order to meet this 
hea\\' outlav" continual contributions were re 
(|uired from the congregation. 

In .lnl\ a new load leading to the cemeterx was 
oj^ened. Ihis was done b\' making it around the 
grounds belonging to ilie lipi>c(^pal Ccmeteix. lO 
defra\ this e,\j)en>e the cit\ jja\e .S50, but our 
Church ga\e .S160.75. 

October 19 twentieth Snnchix alter i-*entecosl 
the congregation was solemnly dedicated to the 
Sacred Heart ol .lesus. Alter X'espers tlieie was a 
sermon, then lol lowed the dedication according to 

_- Tl — 

the prescribed lorni, concluding with solemn Bene- 
diction and Te Deum. The entire diocese was con- 
secrated at the same time. 

With the approval of the Most Rev. Archbishop, 
the church was blessed by Father Prior, December 
.7 — second Sunday in Advent. 

Financial statement for the year 1873: 
Income, $3,399.93: Disbursements, S3.086.05. 
Church record: Baptisms, 93; Marriages, 17; Deaths, 


This year records the names of the lol lowing 
Fathers: Cyril Knoll, Commissary, Prior and Pas- 
tor; Elias Mayer, Anselm Duell, Leander Koenig, 
and John Verheyen. Novicemaster, born 1830 at 
Goch, near Kevelar, ordained at Rome 1854, emi 
grated 1874. He was Prior and Rector of the 
Church of the Holy Trinity at Pittsburg, Pa., and 
is now in the Convent at Boxmeer, Holland. 

A holy Mission given by two Jesuit Fathers be- 
gan June 14. One of the Fathers was the w^ell- 
known and celebrated Julius Pottgeiser, who, in 
company w^ith Father Roh, traveled all over (icr 
many as missionary from 1850 to 1870. 

During the Christmas Holidays a Bazaar was 
given, the total receipts of which were S3. 106. 

Financial statement for the vear 1874: 

Income, S3. 137. 88; Disbursements. $2,907.98. 
Church record: Baptisms, 67; Marriages. 12; Deaths. 
41; three died suddenl\ and without the lio!\ Sac- 


Fathers Cyril Knoll. John \'erhe\en, lilias 
Mayer and Anselm Duel 1 were stationed here at the 
beginning of this year. 

During the Octave of Corpus Christi a high Mass 
was offered in atonement for the irreverence shown 
our Lord in the blessed Eucharist, in this church. 
The League of the Sacred Heart was canonicalK 
erected May 13; new members were enrolled in 

A new Papal Banner was solemnly blessed 
July 4, and the following day a picnic was given, 
the proceeds netting S289. John E. Knoll gave a 
deed. April 22. to the Carmelites, and on July 15. 
Father Cyril Knoll was authorized by the Com- 
munity to execute a deed in favor of Joseph Schuer- 
mann. This deed was given July 17, to Joseph 
Schuermann for S21.000. By this conveyance the 
convent became the property of the Capuchin 

In \iew of the retirement of the Carmelite Fath- 
ers it may be proper to give a brief statement (d 
their successful labor as also their routine ol l)i- 
\ine Ser\ice. 

The " Rorate Masses" were the same as b^ the 
Redemptorists. On New Year's Eve the year was 
soleninh closed with sermon and divine service. 
Holy Masses were celebrated on Christmas at five, 
half-past seven and ten o'clock. On the feast ol St. 
Stephen high Mass was at ten. and on the feast of 
St. John it was read at half-past seven, after which 
wine was blessed. SS. Peter and Paul's Church 
being in charge of the Carmelite Fathers the No- 
vena in honor of St. Joseph was connected with a 
plenary indulgence. In Lent the Way of the Cross 
was said on all Tuesdax s and Fridays, sometimes, 
also, ori Sundaws. In addition to this lioh' cxeicisc 

- 74 — 

tliere was in 1(S73 a sermon on all W c(lncs(la\s. 
During liaster-linie separate divisions \\ere called 
to confession. On the eve ol Palm Sunday only men 
were admitted. Ui\'ine services were held the last 
three da3's ol Holy Week at eight in the morning, 
and the Matins at seven in the e\'ening. May de- 
votions were in the evening at hall-past seven, but 
on Sundays there was also a sermon. In 1(S68 a 
short sermon was given every evening, but in lftb9 
only on Wednesdays, Sundays and Feast-days. 
Again in 1870 there was a daily evening sermon, but 
in 1874 and succeeding \ears a sermon was givejn 
only Thursdays and Sundays. Beginning with 18/2 
the relic ol the Holy Cross was daily exposed Irom 
the Feast of Finding to the Feast of F^levation of the 
Holy Cross in order to obtain favorable weather, 
and was also presented to be devoutly kissed b\' ihe 
faithful. Forty Hours' Devotion took place regu- 
larly on Pentecost. For the Scapular F'^east and its 
Octave a plenary indulgence Wcis announced. On 
this occasion General Absolution and Papal Bene- 
diction were gi\en, and new members were en- 
rolled. In the e\ening the di\ ine ser\ ice consisted 
of a sermon, procession, Bejiediction and Te Deum. 
The pious custom of \isiting the cemetery in the 
afternoon of All Saints' Da> and reciting pra\ers 
on the way thither was begun in 1867. Fver> e\e- 
ning during the Octa\e the Rosar\ was said an<l 
Benediction was gi\en. The dexotions ol the Con- 
frateinit> of the Sacred Heart of Mar\ and the 
Conferences of the Hol> Familx took place regular- 
1\ . The Patrons for the members of the Hol>' 
b'amily were assigned b>' lot in the same manner 
formerly ob.served b\ the Redemptorists. Ihe 
solemn admission took place in the church on Sun- 
day Septuagesima. Theie were also at this time 
St. Aloysius' Societ\ , the Society of the Infant 
Jesus, and the League ol the Sacred Heai't. bu- 
neral orations were in xogue up to 1871. liie con- 
liniial admonitions of I'ather Prior to send the 
children regularix to school show that he was 
greatl\ interested in its maintenance and wellaie. 
In 187(1 the school-\ear was begun with high Mass 
and seiinoii to the attendance of which the parents 
\\eie espcciallx invited. In conseciuence ol the 

jj;rcal expenses recent 1\ Incnrred. recourse \vas had 
to Irequent collections, pew rent was urgentK' de- 
manded, and contributions solicited lor tuel, can- 
dles, etc. Since 1869 the Sunday following the 
Feast of SS. Peter and Paul was designated as the 
day for General Communion for the SS. Peter and 
Paul's Society. Upon the retirement of the Carme- 
lites the indebtedness of the church was 56307.60. 
rhe Carmelite Fathers departed from Cumberland, 
.July 25. 1875. leaving behind Brother Kilian. 
(Tertian), who had been doorkeeper and cellarer. 
This Brother was born November 14. 1826, at Al- 
berg, Ba\aria. His seculai" name is Edmund 

©Ijnr JCxnnttal in ©ttntbcvlaitb. 

JTTNK 17, lcS7;" 

In consequence ol the opprobrious and oppres 
sive May laws of 1875. the monasteries ol the Ca- 
puchins inMuenster, Westphalia. Werne, near Aluens- 
ter, Clcve on the lower Rhine, and Ehienbre it- 
stein, near Coblenz were dissolved. The members 
were, however, not exiled, but mutual con\ ent lile 
and every pastoral and priestl\ (unction was 
strictly forbidden. C)nl\' two of the monasteries in 
the (hand l)uch\ of Hessen, Ma\ ence and Dieburjj;. 
remained, but could not prosjjcr under the re- 
strictions ol the Hessian laws. riie\ were not per- 
mitted to leceixe novices nor mend)ers of external 
convents. In \iew of this deplorable state two 
Capuchins departed May 2(S, ltS75. as Deputati Capi- 
tuli Pro\incial is fiom the Westphalian Pro\ince of 
Muenster. for America. The\ were Father Anthony 
Maria Schueiniann. born December 8, 1(S3I, at Rorup. 
Westphalia, inxesled Septend)er 9, 1(S36, ordained 
October 31. 1(S59. and I-ather Fraiicis Wolf, i,(,rn 
Decend)er bS. 1(S35, at Ruedesheim. Nassau, iiuctc d 
September 4. 1858, ordained Anjiust 11, 1860. Willi 
Ciofi's pi-otection both, in the enj()\nienl ol ,u;o()d 
health, .irrixed at \ev\ \()rk, .liil\ 12. Learning 
that llie Ca line I ites intended hi \aeatc- Cnni berland 



tlic\ iiiinicc! iritclv set oiil lor this cit\' where the\' 
.'ii'ri\e(i Jime 17. The purchase price ol the con- 
\ent l)uihliii,i< was soon agreed upon, the title to 
same was con\e\ed h\' Cyril lus Knoll. O. C. C, to 
Father Anthon\ Schueiiiiann, Comniissarius Pro- 
\ incialis, July 17. lor the sum oi 521,000, of which 
SIOOO was paid in cash, and lor the balance promis- 
sory notes, each of $2000 and maturing at various 
intervals, were issued. An asylum being now pro- 
cured for the exiled monks, the following Fathers 
leit Germany to cast their lot with those who had 
alread\ arrived: Father Bernadine Tebbe, born 
April 8. at Ottbergen, Westphalia, invested Octo- 
ber 2S, 1857. ordained October 31, 1839. 

Father Pius Reinhold, born December 31, 
1831, at Seeburg, Flannover, ordained .June 2, 1855, 
invested September 4. 1858. 

Father \laurus Strobel, born June 5, 1824, at 
Muehlheim, Hessen Darmstadt, invested Septend)er 
8, 1860. ordained August 12, 1849. 

Father Angelus Poettken. born June 2, 1838. at 
Muenster. invested September 25, 1860. ordained 
November 11. 1864. 

Father Francis Xavier Strunk. born March 19. 
1844. at Gelsenkirchen, Westphalia, invested Sep- 
tember 21. 1866, ordained April 4. 1868. 

The foregoing Fathers arrived at Cumberland 
September 10. Pope Pius IX. graciously granted 
December 12. 1875, the canonical erection ol a mon- 
astery and novitiate under the immediate depen- 
dency of the Provincial of the Westphalian Prov- 
ince. Father Anthony officiated as Pastor. He de- 
creed that the conferences for the Society of the 
Holy Family should be after, instead of before. 
\ espers. Most. Rev. James I^oosevelt Bay ley. 
Archbishop of Baltimore, confirmed 147 persons 
in SS. Peter's and Paul's Church October. 1875. On 
All Souls' Da\- there were the usual ser\ ices and 
also the blessing of that part of the cemetery which 
had been lately purchased. During the Octave ol All 
Souls the Wa^- of the Cross was made instead of the 
Rosary which had been hitherto recited. A jubi- 
lee, ordinarily celebrated ever\- twenty-five years, 
was granted this year by his Holiness, Pope Pius 
l.\. The Capuchin Fathers delivered fliiiing Ad- 

— 73 — 

vent Jubilee sermons Sundays and Wednesdays. 
The number- of sermons given was tliteen. A crib 
representing the adoration of the Infant Jesus by 
the Shepherds and Magi was purchased from Bau- 
hus. Cleve, Hannover, for the church. Christmas 
day High Mass was' celebrated atmidnight. also at 
five and ten o'clock. The Sisters* dwelling and 
school house were repaired at an expense of $100. 
In. the. fall Father Anthony had the school house 
supplied with gas. 

Financial statement: 

Income, beginning with July .25, $1,3^1.74; Dis- 
bursements, $2,327.12. Church record: Baptisms. 
90; Marriages, 13; Deaths, 2&; Members received in 
the Apostolate, 246. 



Ill is y Cell's record shows the arrival of Father 
(jre^or\ Autsch. He was born Fel)ruar>' 6, 1835. in 
Mayence; ordained August 11, 1858; invested Sep- 
tember 17. 1859: arrived at New York June 25. 
1876. In the tall he was appointed Guardian of the 
Monastery. In this and succeeding years the No- 
vena of St. .Joseph was observed on the nine con- 
secutive Wednesdays preceding his Feast Day. On 
Shrove Tuesday a dramatic entertainment was 
given in the hall. The sceneries were painted by 
Father Anthony. The entertainment netted the 
handsome sum of S164. Lenten sermons were deliv- 
ered Sunda\ evenings by Father Francis Xavier. 
his subJL'ct being the Sorrowful Mysteries of the 

Brother Ciodfre\ built a repository, the paint- 
ing of which was done by Father Anthony. The 
thirtieth anniversary- of the election of His Holi- 
ness. Pope Pius IN., to the Pontifical chair was 
celebrated by a sernicm Mass. the celebration con- 
cluding in the evening with sermon. Benediction 
and Te Deum. A grand and brilliant illumination 
then loHowed. The church and monastery were 
glittering with innumerable lights. (iarlands ol 
lighted tapers surrounded each window trame. 
Above the sacristy flashed a magnificent illumi- 
nated emblem of our redemption. The convent 
\viu<lows were decorated with brilliant transpar- 
encies representing the Papal insignias. the figures 
1846-1876. and the name Pius IX. in full height ol 
the windows. Numerous illuminations elicited 
un i \e rsa 1 adm i ra t i on . 

The Feast of Portiuncula was celebrated lor the 
first time August 2. 1876. and was numerously at- 

Ha\ ing been made aware that di\ ine service at 

— so — 

niiclniy;lit on Cliiistnias cla\' was prt)hil)il ccl, the 
first Hi^h Mass was read this \cai- al li\c o'clock 
A. M. 

Dramatic entertainments j^iixeii b\' the \ oiing 
men during the Christmas hoi ida\'S nettedthe sum 
ol" $94.40. 

Missions were conducted h\ Fathers Anthon\- 
iiiid Francis Xavier at Lancaster, diocese of Har- 
risburg. Pa.; Fremont. Sandusky county, diocese 
ol Cleveland, .Ohio; New York City, and lastly at 
Melrose, in the Church of the Immaculate Concep- 

Financial statement lor the xear hS76. 

Income. 54,395.20: Disbursements, $4,116.52. 
Church record: Baptisms. 70: Marriages. 11: Mixed 
Mariages. 2; Deaths, 20: Converts. 2: new members 
of the Sacred Heart of Mary Conferences. 99: Mem- 
bers of the Apostolate, 30. The Living Rosary was 
divided into twent\^-three divisions, each contain- 
ing 15 members. 


riic Capuchins took charge July 25, 1877, ol ihc 
Church oi the Sorrowful Mother at Metamora, 
Woodford County, 111., diocese of Peoria, and the 
I'athers Anthony, Maurus, Angelus and Francis 
Xavier were sent thither with the object of estab- 
lishing a monastery. The retiring Pastor, Father 
Anthony, had gained by his manly character, his 
unremitting zeal and prudence the most brilliant 
results in Cumberland as he had elsewdiere. At 
i\Ictjinu)ia he built a monastery and completed the 
erection of the new church. At Peoria a church, 
monastery and school building were built under 
his direction. He also built a church at Washburn. 
Being transferred to Kansas in 1881, he erected at 
Victoria a church built entirely of stone. Elected 
(General Custos 1882, he attended two years later a 
Chapter held in Rome. In 1885 he was appointed 
Delinitor of the Province and transferred to Wheel- 
ing, where he also built a church. When this 
church was nearing its completion and whilst bus- 
il\ at work with a plan for a new college to be 
erected at Summit, he fell dangerously ill, being 
stricken with dropsy. He departed this life July 
30. 1887. During his long and painful lingering, 
he was a model of fortitude and patience. The char- 
acteristics of this \'irtuous soul are well delineated 
in the expression, "Aninia Candida," a candid and 
upright man. ever cheerful and pleasant, an inde- 
fatigable laborer, his blessed remembrance will 
ever be retained by those parishioners who loved 
and revered him in the highest degree as their 
si)i ritual F'ather. May he rest in peace. 

J ather Maurus was sent to Victoria, Kansas, 
where his death occurred December 15, 1892. 
I'aiher Francis Xavier joined the Trappists, and 

siihscqiitMUi\' l)ccame Abl)ot in IcScSy, in Olcnher^. 
Alsace, diocese of Strassbiirg. 

Fatlier Leonard Siebels arrived August 19 at 
New York. He had left German^^ in compan^'^ 
with two other Fathers of his Order. He was born 
at Cleve April 27, 1840; ordained February 1, 1866; 
invested Januarv' 11, 1872. 

Father Hdefons Ble\ ler, born at Kappel, Ba- 
den. August 29. 1851; invested October 1. 1871; was 
ordained Octol-)er 23. 1876. 

Father Herman Joseph was professed an.d or- 
dained December, 1877. 

Father Anthony being transferred- to Metantora. 
Father Francis was iippointed pastor of SS. Peter 
and Pavd's. Dramatical enteitai.tmients were gi\en 
1)\" the young men lor the Oenelit of the church on 
Shrove Tuesd.'ix' and Christmas, the proceeds being 
respectively §72 and $167.75, and those of tiie enter- 
tainments gi\cn by llie voung ladies and children 
at Faster $123.87, and in June 543. 10 

On the second Sunday in Lent an extra collec- 
tion was made for tlie Holy Feather, the amount 
collected being $238.63. The Lenten sermons were 
deli\ered b\ Fathe«' Francis Xavier. .ludas, Peter. 
a)id Magflalena lorming his svd)ject. 

The liftieth anni\ersar\- of the ct)nsecrati()n ol 
Pope Pius IX. as Bishop of Spoleto, was celebrated 
June 3. A solemn lcsti\ it\ took place on this t)c- 
casion-. The societies ol the cliurvh pioceeded in 
procession to the neighl>orhig parish and then re- 
turned in compan\ with tiie \£irious societies ol 
the Fnglish church to SS. Peter and i'aul's. where 
they attended solemn Vespers and blessing t)l the 
Papal banner purchased b\- the \()ung men t)l our 
church. Ihe ceremony closed with Benediction 
and Te DcMin. 

A Sacred llearl statue puiehased in Municli. 
B.'i\ci:ia. was blessed on the lourteenth Sunda>' 
alter Pentecost. The blessing was fi)l lowed b\' a 
sermon and Te Deum. The purchase price of this 
statue was 384. which was paid by the young ladies 
from the proceeds derived from their previous 
enteitaiiunenl gi\c"n in June. Beginning with Sep- 
tend)er. 1877, a Mass for the repose of Poor Souls 
was read ni xiIIiIn . 

_S8 — 

Financial statement lor the year 1877: 
Income, S3665.08; Disbursements. $4643. 75. Church 
record: Baptisms, 86: Marriages, 13; Mixed Mar- 
riages, 2; Converts, 5; Deaths, 35; Members recei\cd 
in the Po-v»r Souls' Confraternity, 39: Members re- 
ceived in the Sacred Heart of Mary Confraternity, 
6; in the Apostolate, 31. 


February 19, there was a soleiiDi Requiem lor 
the repose ol the soul ol Pope Pius IX. who de- 
parted this life February 7, 1878. There was also 
a funeral oration. This service was largely attend- 
ed by the congregation, and the young ladies 
spared no pains in elaborately draping the church 
lt)r the occasion. A Te Deum was sung March 3. 
in token of the election ol his Holiness Pope Leo 
XIII. Lenten sermons on the i^assion ol Christ 
were delivered b\ ha the r (iregor\-. leather 
Muenich celebrated his tirst Mass March 5. He 
was born at (ionsenheim, Hessen Darmstadt. August 
12, 1849, invested August 27. 1873, ordained April 
27. 1878. 

A debiit ing societ\ organizcil by \ oung mcii v\lio 
had passed their eighteenth \eai" is on this \ ear's 
record. The picnic oi August 3, passed off in exenr 
plary order and linancin 1 !>• pr'o\ed .i success, the 
net proceeds being ^123.02. A collection lor the 
sufferers ol xellow lexer, in New Orleans, c'lmount- 
cd to ,S57.68. riie receipts derixed Ironia Christmas 
tree and enlei tai nment gi\en b\' school children 
\ver< .S327.82, and ol a house collection at the close 
of the year .^663.81. 

The Blessed Saeiament was exposed lor adora- 
tion (piite frequently, lor instance, during Corpus 
Christi Octave dailx thrice, on the least of Por- 
liuncula tin. whole lorenoon and also the same 
length ol lime on St. Anthon\ s luesdaxs, when 
the devotions in honor ol this Saint were at liall- 
l)ast live, A. M., pieced ing Christmas. 


So — 

In honor (j1 iliis great woiivcr ol niiiaclcs, St, 
Anthony ol Padua, the toHowing h\ nin is recited: 

II miracles thou lain wouldst see, 

Lo error, death, calamity. 

The leprous stain, the demon fly. 

From beds of pain the sick arise. 

The hungry seas forego their prey. 

The prisoner's cruel chains give way; 

While palsied limbs and chattels lost, 

Both \oung and old reco\ ered boast. 

And perils perish, plent\ 's hoard 

Is heaped on hunger's famished board. 

Let those relate who knoM- it well. 

Let Padua of her patron tell. 

The hungry seas. etc. 

Glory be to the Father, etc. 

The hungry seas, etc. 
V. Pray for us, blessed Anthony. 
R. That we may be made worthy of the prom- 
ises ol Christ. 

Let us Pra\ . 
O indulgent Father, Thou who hast glorified St. 
Anthony with a perpetual lustre of miracles, grant 
us graciously to obtain through his intercession that 
which we seek confidingly through his merits, 
througli Christ our Lord. Amen. 

b'inancial statement for the year 1878: 
Income, S5238.07:_Disl ir'sements, S4150.59. Chinch 
record: Baptisms, 73; Marriages, 11; Mixed Mar- 
riages, 4; Deaths, 24 — two had died suddenl\- with- 
out receiving the Blessed Sacraments — Con\erts 

Father Gregory was Guardian. Father Joseph 
Van Cupertin Moritz, born at Muehlbach, T> rol, 
.July 19, 1821, in\ested August 12, 1843, was ordained 
August 18. 1844. He had been for se\eral years 
Master of Novices in Lurope, and had gained the 
affection and admiration of all by his affable and 
devout character. Many were the cures efiected by 
his ever confiding and steadfast faith. The no\itiatc 
being transferred to Muenster, he still retained the 
office as Master until he received the appointment 
as Penitentiary at the Cathedral. He continued in 
the discharge of this sacred duty for several years 
and became distinguished for the many extraor- 

— 80 — 

dinar>' cures uliicli lie wruiiiilil, allliouiih he IkkI 
imposed strict silence upon tliose relie\e(i Ironi 
their ailments. The Bishop ol Aluenster allowed him 
tree action in healinj^ the sick. Wearied ol his 
present position, he returned to Tyrol, where he 
was appointed (iuardian and iMaster ol Novices at 
Salzburg. A call to the New World induced him to 
bid farewell to his nati\e land and departed lor 
America. He arrived May 29. 1879. and was in- 
vested with the offices of Master ol Novices and 
Vicar. Father (Gregory announced December 11. 
1879, that he — Father Gregory — was now \ icarand 
that Father Joseph had been appointed Guardian. 
Alter the two Provinces, the Rhenish Westphal an 
and the Bavarian were united under the title ol 
Province ol Penns\l\ania, he returned to T\ rol 
September 26. 1881." 

Pe\ . Bernard was transleired to \letamor:i in 
spiing ol 1879. 

Father Ildei^hons was assigned to the same sta- 
tion August 27. 1879. 

Father Willigis Irle celebrated first Mass 
Christmas-day. 1879. Born at Worms, October 16. 
1856. ol Protestant parents, he became a convert, 
was invested August 27, 1873, ordained December 

20, 1879, and withdrew I rom the Order September 

21. 1881. 

Inliie beginningol August t lie monasterx' w as in 
lected with t\ phoid lexer which pioxed lalal to 
Frater Bonaxentura, a clerical student in Iheology. 
and Frater Clement, clericjil studenl and no\ ice. 
iioth were interred in SS. Petei" and Paul's Ccn e- 
tery. I'ather .Joseph Cupcrtin was prepared lor 
death by recei\ ing llie l.'tst S,'tci\'imen(s. bii( ulli- 
matel\' reco\ered. 

Lenten sermons were deli\ered b\ I'athei' Gre- 
goiN'. his sub jet t being "i'lie Prodigal Son." 
Thirty nine tliildreii received first IloU' Com- 
munion May 11. and in the afternoon of the 
same day Most Re\ . lames Gibbons confirmed one 
hundred and fifty se\en persons. In .June a new 
osten.soiium was purchased for .^111.39; a ciborium 
which was too small was exchanged in consideration 
of .S2() for one of lai'gei" size. The .lubilee ol last 
Ncar was pioloiiged (o .Augusl ol liiis \eai". The 

t\venl\'-lil til anniversary oi the promulgation ot the 
dogma ol the Imniticulate Conception was graced 
with an especial indulgence. The anniversar\- was 
solemnly celebrated and numerously attended b\' 
the faithful. A new^ crib was bought, the pretty 
and lovely statues being from the atelier ol 
Baidius, a sculptor in Cleve, Germany. The stable, 
hills and picturesque scenery were the work ot 
Father Anthony assisted by Brothers. An enter- 
tainment given by young men did not pro^■e a 
financial success. The proceeds of a picnic, how- 
ever, were S443.40 and of a Christmas Bazaar 
.S316().98. At Christmas Brother Aegidius donated 
two pretty statues. St. Francis, of Assisi and St. 
Anthony, to the church. The school-hall was great- 
ly improved by the purchase of new benches and 
wainscoting of walls. The organization of a branch 
of the Catholic Knights of America. St. George's 
branch, took place .January 12. The organizers 
were: Peter Flelbig. Andrew Herbert. Herman 
Steppe, Henry Boley. George Colemann. John 
Bergmann. George Strong. James Hammersmith. 
Alexander Leasure. Peter Hart. Charles Sch(ena- 
del. George Rickley, Peter Zeller, and Arthur 

Financial statement for the vear 1879. 

Income 87852.53. Disbursements, .S4593.19. 

Church record: Baptisms 81, Marriages, 16; 
Mixed Marriages, 3; Deaths, 35; of which number 
six died suddenly without receiving the last Sacra- 
ments; invested w ith the Cord of St. Francis, 52; 
Members received in the Apostolate, 14; Con- 
verts. 3. 



Rev. Father Jacob was sent to Metamora, Febru- 
ary 9, 18cS(), Irom thence to Kansas, and is at pres- 
ent in Brazil, South America. The Lenten sermons 
were jiiven by Father Gregory, his subject being 
"Obstacles to a sincere Conversion." On the second 
Sunday in Lent a Pieta was solemnly blessed. It 
was purchased from Mr. Baulius, Cle\e, Germany, 
lor .ScS9. but this sum was considerably increased b>' 
additional expenses incurred lor Ireight. import 
fluty, and erection in church, to >S176.19. St. An- 
thony's Novena was obser\ed this year with the 
exposition ol the Blessed Sacrament on the nine 
consecutive Tuesda\s preceding his least instead 
of Christmas as had former 1\ been the custom. 

The sum derived from a picnic gi\cn on the 
glorious Fourth was 5521.76, from a concert giAcn 
by young men September 7. $M, and from a school 
cliildren's entertainment in connection with a 
Christmas-tree ,S 100.79. 

Financial statement for the \ear bScSO. 

Income, .S4941.64. Disbursements, ,S 1196.57. 

Church record: Ba.ptisias, 77; Marrianes. 16: 
Mixed Marriages, 1; Deaths, 11; I'irst Comnuini 
cants, 36; Converts, 3; Members invested with Cord 
oi St. Francis. 37: Members in\ested with the li\e- 
fold Scapular, 137; Members iecei\ed in (lie .4posto- 
latc, .S. 



Rev. Father .Joseph Cupertin, Guardian and Mas- 
ter o( Novices, returned to Tyrol, September 26. 

Father (ire.tcory. Assistant, was transferred in 
September to St. Augustine's, at Pittsburg, where 
he still labors in the vineyard of our Lord. He 
also ofhciates in this country as President of the 
Society of Christian Mothers. 

Father Francis was sent in September as Guar- 
dian to Summit, (Herman, Pa.) 

Father Andrew Fisenhut, ordained April 23, 
1881, in Woodstock, celebrated his first Mass, May 
1, in Cumberland. He was born 1857, at Gernsheim, 
Grand Duchy of Hessen. 

Tn April Father Leonard returned to Germany, 
he is now Guardian at Mayence. 

In the Bavarian Chapter held in August 1881 
the conjunction of the Cumberland jurisdiction 
to the Ba\arian Commissariat of the United States 
was concluded. At the same Chapter Fathers Gre- 
gor\'. Francis, and Andrew were assigned to other 
locations. The novitiate was opened at Cumber- 
land and Father Joseph appointed Master of No- 
vices and Vicar. The Fathers stationed at the 
church of SS. Peter and Paul were now under the 
jurisdiction of Very Rev. Hyacinth. This priest 
was born at Durach, in Allgau, November 23, 1836, 
entered March 9, 1858. ordained April 23, 1862. 
Through a strange coincidence he arrived in this 
country October 12. 1873, his arrival bearing same 
(late of day and month of the discovery of the New 
World by Columbus. He was delegated as Commis- 
sary for the purpose of establishing the Order in this 
country. In November following he came to Pitts- 
burg, Pa., and in 1882 was unanimously elected as 
first Provincial. He was re-elected in 1885, 1891, and 

— 90 — 

1894. the Father General presiding at his second 
election. Twenty-five years have now— 1898— 
elapsed since the arrival of the first Capuchins. 
The present flourishing condition of the Province 
is chiefly attributable to the untiring efforts of 
Father Hyacinth. The following Fathers from 
Pittsburg and Summit, Pa., came to Cumberland 
September 14, 1881: Father Felix M. Lex, Pastor 
and Vice Commissary, born in Bavaria April 21. 
1833, invested November 29, 1854, ordained August 
18, 1857, emigrated to America .lune 15, 1875, was 
Confessor many years in AschalTenburg at the In- 
stitute of the English Fraeulein, and Director ol 
the Society of Christian Mothers. He was director 
of the same society whilst at Pittsburg where 
he was also Guardian and Mastei* ol Novices. 

Father Pancratius Dokler, born No\ ember 12, 1853, 
at Augsburg, invested November 12, 1871, ordained 
September 24. 1876. emigrated to this countrv May 
27. 1878. 

Father Didacus Wendel, Capuchin of the Swiss 
Custody, had come with the intention ol joining 
this Province, but at the end of the year he lelt 
for England where he was admitted by Very Rev. 
Pacific, Provincial at Chester, diocese ol Slirews- 

Father Gregory delivered the Eenten sermons 
his subject being "Penance." the descripti\'e illus- 
trations ol which were taken from the Passion ol 
our Lord. 

In the week ending with December 15, a daily 
sermon was given on the "Five Requisites lor a 
good Conlession." 

In order to obtain more light, additional windows 
facing the street were put in the school-building, 
and a passage was opened i)etween the different 
class-rooms, giving thus a separate entrance to 
each room. The main entrance which had been on 
the street front was changed to the side facing the 
church. A new root was also put on the school- 
building. Ihe ex])enditures of these various re- 
pairs and alterations were $1145.21. The sum ol 
."$427.27 was paid for an iron railing enclosing the 
school premises. A picnic given .lulv 4, at Sies' 
Woods netted 3722.04. 

- <)1 — 

I'inaiicial stalcniciit lor the year IcScSl: 

liiconic. $8574.48; Disbursements, S5739.15. 

Churcii record: Baptisms, 93; Marriages. 11; Mixed 

Marriages. 5; Deaths. 29; First Communicants. 42; 

Converts. 5: in\ested with the Cord of St. Francis. 



I alhei .loseph Leonissa. born at Roselie. near 
Cob>giie. .lune 3. 1852. in\ested August 5. 1877. or- 
dained .lul\ 7. 1877. came to Ciunberland February 
29. 1882, but rehipsing into an ailment with which 
he had been lormerly alilicted. he left at Easter 
for Pittsburg, and is at present at Kccnigshofen, 
Bavaria. Father Felix celebrated his Silver Jubi- 
lee August 18. lathers Hyacinth. FVancis, and 
Maurice came lo Cund)erland to present their 
heartfelt congratulations to the Celebrant. On the 
day following the good Father received the con- 
gratulations of the school children. A dramatic 
entertainment was also given by them at the close 
of which the Father was made the happy recipient 
of man\ pretty presents. The members of the HoI\ 
l'amil\ Society piesented a beautiful Cope and 
Dalmatica. the Knights a costly armchair, and a 
large lloral design representing a cross and anchor 
was given b\- SS. Peter and Paul's Society. A 
toich-light procession formed by the latter society, 
accompanied the Rev. Jubilant from the hall to 
the monastery. He was also serenaded 1)\ the Poto- 
mac Music Band and the Arion Singing Society, 
the latter gracing the occasion with several songs. 
These congratulations were received at the en- 
trance of the monastery. His entrance to the church 
was impressive and solemn. It lead from the en- 
triince of the monastry through an espalier or two 
open files formed by twent>-tive little girls clad 
in white and crowned ^^ itli silver garlands, twenty- 
live little boys gail\- attired for the occasion, and 

— *l'2 

c'lll the societies. All participated in the icstivc 
scene. On enterinji; the chnrch he was greeted In 
the choir with Weber's "'\u es Fetrus." Father 
Maurice, (iuardian, oi i^ittshurj^, deli\ered the 
oration. The divine services concluded in the 
afternoon with Vespers and Te Uenni. 

The youn^; ladies gave a dramatic entertainment 
August 21. 

Father Poncratius left Cumberland C)ct()her I. 
for the college at Summit, where he is still sta- 
tioned as professor. Father Gabriel had also beeii 
transferred with the novices to Summit, in October. 
At the present time this Father is Pastor at \ic- 
toria. Kanscis. Father Pius was sent to Herman 
and subsequently to Pittsburg. He is general 1\ 
engaged in literary labors and is the author ol 
"Mother Love", a prayer book for Christian 
mothers, and also Scapulai" booklets. 

Father H>acinth. Proxincial. made his abode 
at Cumberland October 30, being accompanied b>' 
Father f'idelis. Vicar and Lector of Pliilosoph\ . 
J £ither ildephons. Lector of llieologN . Father Di- 
dacus and all the clerical students. 

Upon the notiiication of the death of Rev. L r- 
banczeck. a solemn re(|uiem Mass was celebrated 
ioi" the repose of his soul. 

The Societ\- of the Holy Childhood ol .lesus was 
re-establishedMarch 29. to which thechildren were 
solemnl\ admitted as members, the ceremonx' being 
enhanced b\ a statue of the Hol\ Infant which was 
purchased special 1\' for this occasion. In .Ma\ two 
pretty banners were bought for the use ol children 
accompa\ ing in piocessions ihe Blessed Sacrament. 
The purchase piice was .S7(), and this sum was gene- 
rousi\ donated l)> Mr. Hein. 

F<Ht\ children i-ecei\ed hist llol\ Communion 
June 2S. ke\. l-ather Petri C. SS. R. deli\ered 
an ap|)r<)priate sermon to the children a near 
reiatixe of (Ik- J-.-idK-r heing one of (he liapp\ coin- 
inuii icants. 

The lirsl meeting of the riiiid Order was held 
in .lanuar\ . but theieaftei these meetings tot)k 
place legulai l\ on ever\- lifth Sunda\' of the month. 

lAMiteii sermons on the ""Passion ol Christ" were 

— 98 — 

begun by Father Leonard, but owing to an attack 
oi sickness, the sermons were continued by other 

By permission of the Holy Father the celebra- 
tion oi Portiuncula was transierred Irom the second 
day oi August to the Sunday following. 

A mission was opened October 22, by the F'ran- 
ciscan Feathers of the Sacred Heart Province; Very 
Rev. Vincent, Fathers Felix and Symphorian being 
the missionaries. All the members of the church 
showed great zeal in attending the sermons and in 
recei\ing the holy sacraments. 

A Triduum was begun December 3, in honor of 
the beatification of St. Lawrence, of Brundnsium, a 
member of the Order of Capuchins. This wonder- 
ful and extraordinary missionary labored among 
Catholics, Protestants, Jews, and Turks. His mani- 
fold labors, especially those which he performed 
during the Turkish w^ar, almost exceed belief. 
His death occurred at Lisbon July 22. 1619. The 
Triduum closed with sermon, benediction and pro- 
cession of the Blessed Sacrament, children in white 
accompanying the same. A relic of the Saint recei\ed 
the veneration of the faithful by devout kissing. 
A sketch of his life was distributed gratis at the 

A Christmas entertainment was financially a 
success, its receipts being S46().()2. 

Financial statement for the year 1882: 

Income, vS4,427.27; disbursements, 53,813.40. 

Church record: First Communicants 40, Con- 
verts 10. Baptisms 72. Marriages 11, Deaths 29. 









The beginning oi this year saw the completion 
oi the new high altar. The tabernacle was raised 
somewhat higher, the stalne oi the Holy Jnlant was 
erected in the middle, on either side of which the 
statnes of SS. Peter and Paul, the patrons of the 
church, were placed. The relic-cases, which were 
extjuisitely ornamented b\ the Sisters, and which 
embellish the altar on each side of the tabernacle, 
contain the relics ot the hol\' martyrs: Henno. 
Pacificus. Tranquil Ins. Simplicius, Florus, Resti- 
tute, Honorate, Vincentia. Anastasia. luii separate 
ostensoriuni relics of St. Francis of Assisi, St. 
Anthony of Padua. St. Fidelis. Peter of Alkantara. 
and St. Paschal of Bab\lon are j)laced. Two 
Cai)uchin brothers. (iodire\ and ililar\. are 
credited with the liighl\ artistic c£ir\ ing of the 
wooden rel itpiaries. and Brother Bernard with the 
prett\ gilfling. 

I he new^ altar was consecrated lebruary 2. 

Two benelactors, of whose names no menticii is 
made, donated a cano])\ . 

A new bannci" of *'>S. PetcM an(! Panl's Societx 
was l)lessed in the allernoon ol the lonrttentli 
Sunday allei" Pentecost. 

Most Re\ . .lames (iibbons. .Archbishop of Haiti 
more, conseci'ated .June 11. an altai* at St. I'atiick's 
Church. IhedaN lollowing hisCirace administered 
minor orders at SS. i\4er and Paul's to e!e\en 
clerical students, and the R{. Rev. Bishop Kain, of 
Wheeling, confirmed one hnndred and si\t\ two 

A picnic gixen on the I'nnrlli ot .liil\ netted 

F.'lhei' Didacns was tianslerred to Peoria, in 
August. In his olhcial ca]5acil\- as assistant past(M- 
he gaiiKMJ, throngli his pnpn la ri I \ and reiigiiius 


— 95 — 

zeal the esteem ol all. He was succeeded by 
Father Angelus, who was born December 18. 1855. 
at Niederwihl. Baden, invested July 10, 1877. and 
ordained July 16, 1881. 

In the latter part of December the Fathers 
Felix and Angelus departed lor Wheeling to take 
charge, at New Year, of St. Alphon's Church. 

Father Herman Joseph, born October 5, 1850, 
in Rhenish Prussia, invested November 29, 1882, 
ordained December 8. 1873, was transferred to 
Cumberland December 20, 1883. At present he is 
Superior in Canal Dover. O. 

Rev. Dold. C. SS. R., a former pastor of SS. 
Peter and Paul's, died this year, and a solemn 
Requiem was celebrated for his soul's repose. 

Mention is made of a collection of $73 for the 
flood sufferers in Germany. 

Father Martin celebrated his first Mass Decem- 
ber 25, 1883. He was born April 28. 1860. at Gaul- 
berg. Rhenish Prussia, invested April 17, 1877 and, 
ordained in Wheeling December 22, 1883. 

The sum of S635 was derived from a Christmas- 
tree raffle. 

Financial statement for the year 1883: 

Income $4,068.67. Disbursements $3,404.92. 

Church record: Baptisms 80. Marriages 14, 
Deaths 35. 


The Very Rev. Hyacinth took charge of the 
parish at the beginning of this year. Father 
Gregory N. Schneider arrived from Europe Febru- 
ary 2. He was born September 18, ]^4iS, and 
ordained August 30. 1(S73. He was chaplain at Tiier 
at the time of the Kulturkampf and suffered much 
on account of his faithlul adherence to the Catlu lie 
Church. Remembering the words of the Apostle, 
"You must ol:)ey God more than man." he refused 
to submit to the godless so-called May-laws and was 
therefore repeatedly imprisoned. In 1884, on the 
feast of All Saints, he whs dragged If om the altar 
by the police and conlincd in prison where he 
languished for ten months. Being banished from 
his iatherland he found relugc in Scotland where 
he labored in the diocese ol Sallord. From Scot- 
land he went to Ba\aria and became aCa])uthiiv 
No\ember 11. 1882. Sid)sequenll\ he cmc to 
Cund)eilaiid. and shortly altei" his arrixal wrs 
called to Pittsburg, in M.-'rch. His present Held 
1)1 lai)oi' is at the cathedia! in Munster. Westphalia. 

As the enemies ol oui' Hol\ Church were e\er 
de\ising new plots ol persecution, his Holiness. 
Pope Leo .\ I I I . ordained that alter each low Mass 
prayers should be said lor the Church. Beginning 
w ith Lent these prayers were said at SS. Peter and 
Paul's Chuich. It was in this yeai" that the Ital- 
ian goxernment put loith its piratical and sacriltgi 
ous hand to sei/.e b\ lorce the patrimon\" ol the llol\' 
See. Against this act ol rol)bei>' the Most Re\ . 
Arclibishop issued a pasloial letter. In order to 
obtain the j)i()tection ol (iod against the enemies 
of the Chmch the hol\ I-ather decreed that a 
losarx' slionid be said in all churches on each 
Sundax'. In eompli.nuc- with the lecpiest ol the 

KR\ Ki:\. I'. il\AC INTII, (). M. CAT 

— 07 — 

holy Father the rosary was said at SS. Peter and 
Paul's since the first Sunday alter Corpus Christi. 

Father Hyacinth. Provincial, with Fathers 
Gregory and Anthony departed April 9 lor Rome, 
to attend the General Chapter of their Order. 

At Easter the yount»; ladies gave an entertain- 
ment for the benefit of orphans, the sum received 
being 3170. 

On May 9, the day on wliich the General Chapter 
was begun in Rome, the Blessed Sacrament was 
exposed the entire day, and prayers were said for 
a worthy election of a (jcneral of the Order. 
Father ISernard von Andermatt, of Switzerland, 
was elected General. He gained in a compara- 
tively short time the esteem of all. 

A picnic given July I netted the sum of $464.21. 

The dilapidated condition of the steeple called 
for a thorough repair which was done in tall. The 
outside woodwork was impaired to such a degree 
that a free passage of rain was admitted. The ex- 
pense incurred by the repair, as recorded in De- 
ceml)er. was $676.26. 

In August Father Francis was appointed Guar- 
dian and Pastor. F'^ather Fidelis Vicar and Lector, 
and Fathers Hdephons and Patrick, Lectors. Father 
Patrick was born May 6, 1856, in Oberkamlach. 
Suabia. invested April 15. 1(S76. ordained May 20, 
1880. This Father had been Prefect of the College 
at Herman. Pa. Father John Maria. Lector, a 
brother of Father Hdephons. was also stationed at 
Cumberland. He was born January 5. 1860. at Kap- 
pel. Baden, and invested October 28. 1879. Begin- 
ning with September 6,aTridian was celebrated in 
commemoration of the nineteen-hundredth anni- 
versary of the Blessed Virgin's nativity. 

Father Charles celebrated his first Mass Christ- 
mas Day. He was ordained with Fathers Leo, Al- 
bert and Lucas, at Baltimore. 

Financial statement for the year 1884: 

Income, $7708.07; Disbursements, $6247.17; Parish 
register: Baptisms, 87; Marriages, 17; Deaths, 35. 

1 885. 

Mr. Steuhner, of Pittsburg, began February 9. 
with the frescoing of the church. On weekdays 
the mass at 7.30 was omitted. The frescoing was 
completed at Palm Sunday-, the exjienses being S911. 
The church was also supplied with chandeliers and 
electric lights. 

In spring a house for an orphan asylum was bought. 
but the deed w^as not recorded in the name of the 
Archbishop. After a time several newspapers 
biought the asylum in connection with a l>all ol 
which neither the pastor nor the young ladies who 
had charge of the asylum, had any knowledge. 
March 15. the Pastor declared the orphan asylum 
a private institution, ha\ ing no connection with 
the Church or the Congregation. 

Most Rev. Archbishop contirmed May 11. sixty 
persons. Jul\ 4, the new St. Joseph's altar was 
erected, which was built b\ Brothers Godtre\ and 
Ilihirx'. the gilding hti\ing been done by Brother 
Bernard. The btnutiful altar was adorned with 
three i)ietl\ statues repre enting St. .Iosei)li. St. 
Trancis and St. AiUhon\ . 

Re\ . I'rancis |)ri\atel\ celebrated Ins Sil\er Ju- 
bilee. August 17. 

The following lathers were at the nionasterx in 
August of l^ih5: Ver\ Ke\ . H\acinth, Pro\incial, 
Father Iraneis. (iuaidian and Pastor. I'ather Her- 
man Joseph. Assistant, lathers lldephons. Fidel is. 
Pati'ick and .b.lin .Maria, Lectors, Fathers Albert 
and Charks had not set completed their studies. 

The pews were re xarnished the sexenth and 
eighth week altei' Pentecost. 

1 alhei- Matthew who receixed his oixlination with 
I athei Lawrence, said his lii'st mass Christmas 

I he Lhiistnias tree and entertainment gi\en l)\ 
sehool children netted ,SH^9J)7. 

09 — 

Financial statement for tlie vear hScSS: 
Receipts, S49/6.92: Disbursements. SbhSS.lcS. Par- 
ish register: Baptisms. 90; Marriaj^^es. 19: Deaths. 
37; First Communicants. 33; Converts. 5. 


Most Rev. Archbishop directed the following 
pastoral letter to the faithful of the archdiocese: 

"The great exertions and labors which our hoh' 
Father, Pope Leo XIII. has undergone without in- 
termission since his occupation of the chair of 
Peter, astonish the world. Whilst he is maintaining 
with zeal and energy the rights and privileges of 
the Church and inducing the rulers of nations to 
measures of reconciliations, he is not less thought- 
lul to promote the spiritual welfare of all the faith- 
ful under his supreme care, never tiring to provide 
means of spreading the kingdom ot Heaven among 
the Christians. The holy Father in his Encyclica 
of December 22, 1885. announces to the Christian 
world an extraordinary- jubilee for the whole year 
1885. The aim of this Jubilee should be: To arouse 
man to a sense of his sinfulness and awaken sincere 
sentiments of penance, that all may be trul\- con- 
\erted. and lead a virtuous life in this world in the 
blessed expectation of the glorious appearance ol 
our Lord. Jesus Christ. In plain language the holy 
Father illustrates how prosperity and happiness 
among all classes can only be secured if individual- 
1\' the members are morally good and upright, as 
the public represents the mirror in which private 
life is clearly reflected. The elevation of one above 
the other is as unlikely as a stream rising ab(j\e its 
source. Even without being reminded by the apos- 
tolic admonition of the holy Father experience 
teaches us that an unrestrained love of luxury' and 
pleasure, unlimited freedom without order or obe- 
dience, unnerving bod\- and soul from thechiei e\ii 

— 10(1 — 

ol our time, flic moral malatl\ ol our race can ojii\- 
be remedied 1)\ returiiinji; lo a spirit of abnegation 
which the Gospel plainly deiines in its sonion ol 
the "Poor in spirit being called blessed." It Wcis 
this spirit that healed the moral inlirmities ol the 
first century, and is the sole remedy for our time 
and country. St. Francis of Assisi whose innocent 
and penitential life has won the admiration ol 
Protestants even, is placed before us by his Holi- 
ness as a model embodying just the virtues most 
necessary tor our time. He recommends therelorc 
the introduction and promotion of the Third Order 
ol St. Francis, as being most salutary for promoting 
the salvation of the faithful living in the world. I 
am most happy to encourage my beloved diocesan 
Hock to enroll in the Third Order." 

The new altar of the Blessed Virgin was com- 
pleted in January. Messrs. Felix Bareis and .Jacob 
Bender acting upon their own impulse took up a 
collection among the parishioners, and presented 
the monastery with S16() as an acknowledgment ol 
the superior work of the Brothers. 

In June the scarlet fever broke out; thisepidemic 
caused an apprehensive extension. In consequence 
of this children were piohibited from attendance 
at school in case any member of the family was 
afflicted with this dreadful malad\ . At funerals 
the same precaution was imposed, and all assem- 
bling of persons was strongly forbidden. During 
the Corpus Christi procession Benediction was 
given but once. 

Mr. P. Hein died Jui> 7. well fortified with the 
last Sacraments. He was born in Alzenau. Bavaria. 
March 11. USH. At the age of eighteen years he 
came to America and three ^ears later settled at 
Cumberland. Md. Here he became joint partner of 
the liini lleiu & Koins. and later joined with Mr. 
(i. Landwelii-. llie lirm of Landwehr & Co. In 1811 
he was iniited in mairiage to Miss Matilde Ai- 
brechl, ol Somerset Countx , Pa. The same da\ on 
which the corner-stone ol SS. Peter's and Paul's 
CliiirtI) was laid, Mrs. Hein received the Sacra- 
ment ol Conlirmalion in St. Patrick's Church. 'IMiis 
married couple was e(|uali\- higlilx' >espected b\ 
itotJi Calliolics and Pioleslants. and proxed them 

— 101 — 

selves great benefactors to the Redemptorists. Car- 
melites. Capuchins and especially the Church. 

The Sacred Heart statue was removed July 25, 
from the sanctuary on account of obstructing th-^ 
view ot the altar, and transferred to a niche oppo- 
site the pulpit. The register of the members of the 
monastery was newly ari^anged August 12, Father 
Francis being appointed Pastor, and Fathers Ber- 
nard and Anthony. Assistants. Father Bernard 
was born .July 14. 1833, at Marl. Westphalia, in 
vested April 21, 1863. ordained November 4. 1867. 
Fathers Ildephons. Fidel is, Andrew and Patrick 
were appointed Lectors. The following transfers 
were made; Very Rev. Father Hyacinth. Wheel 
ing: Father John Maria. Metamora; Father Herman 
Joseph. Peoria; Father Matthew. Victoria; Fathers 
Leo. Charles. Albert. Marcus, and Lawrence had 
already been transferred. 

In the course of the present year Charleston. S. 
C. was visited by a terrible calamity; an earth- 
cjuake ruined the city, destroyed property and 
claimed man\- li\es. Indescribable misery reigned 
in and about the vicinity of Charleston. In this 
dire distress the Right Rev. Bishop Northrop, whose 
seat was established in that city, called upon tiie 
Catholics of America to send relief to the distressed 
inhabitants. . The telegram directed to our Most 
Rev. Archbishop read as follows: "Everything is 
demolished. Churches, convents, schools, parson- 
ages are completely wrecked. Language fails to 
describe the ruins. Priests, nuns and orphans are 
left without shelter. We are in need of all possible 
aid." At a collection which was taken up Sunda\ , 
September 26, a considerable sum was contributed 
for the relief of these poor sufferers. 

Asa jubilee devotion a Tridian with two sermons 
dail\ was begun October 31. 

Ihe .Jubilee alms amounted to $157.72. 

Financial statement for the year 1886: 

Receipts. $5073.05: Disbursements. S4475.31. Par- 
ish register: Baptisms. 95; Marriages, 14; First Com- 
municants. 33: Deaths. 41; Converts. 13. 


Forty Hours' Prayer began May 29, and at the 
same time there was a Iridian in honor of the three 
hundredth anniversary of tlie death of St. Felix, of 
Cantaliza. This Saint died in Rome, aged seventy- 
four \ ears. Fie was a Capuchin hiy Brother. Willi 
downcast eyes, rosary in hand, and a beggar's 
bag thrown over his shoulder, this holy man wan- 
dered for forty years, day after day. through the 
streets of Rome. 

The nights he generally spent before the 
tabernacle. He received many extraordinary 
graces, among others the Blessed Virgin placed the 
Holy Infant in his arms. Enlightened by divine 
grace, he divined the innermost secrets ol the 
heart and foretold future events. His miraculous 
raising of a dead body to life may l)e mentioned 
anu)ng the many miracles which he wrought. There 
were three sermons during this .hd)ilee celel)ra- 
tion. the attendance to which was immense. 

Very Rev. Anthony Maria died August 30. at 
Herman, Pa. During his long illness, the parish- 
ioners retaining grateful remembrance ol their ior 
mer Pastor, exhibited heartfelt s\nipalh\ lor him 
in his suffer iiigs. It was therefore not at ail sur- 
prising that the gieater part of the congregation 
was present at the Recjuiem and Libera cclei)r;iled 
August 1, loi' the repose ol his soul. 

A collection for the benefit of the Leo House 
in New V'ork, netted .S130. exclusive of nn extra 
contrihnt ion lujixcii by SS. Pclci' ;m(l Paul's So 
ciet\ . 

In .\la\ the (racks ol the VVesl X'irginia Railroad 
were laid near the church and monasterv', and the 
transportation ol on Sundaxs by the Bal- 
tmore ik ()hio R.iilioad created considerable dis 

— 108 — 

tiirhaiices during divine service. Complaint l)cin\f 
made to the company, the nuisance was abated. 

August 11, Mr. Hopkins l)egan to dig a well lor 
the monastery, near the sacristv . The deptii of the 
well which was completed September 26, was one 
hundred and six feet. Later on, another well was 
dug in front of the church. This well was designed 
for the use of school children, and the first use ol it 
was made December 21. Chemists who analyzed 
the water of this well declared it highly injui'iou; 
to health, owing to the great quantity of chlorine 
contained in it. The well was therefore closed, 
but the parishioners, objecting, demanded its re- 
opening. Recourse was now had to experts, who 
declared that chlorine originally formed ot animal 
substance is detrimental to health, but that chlorine 
formed of vegetable substance was harmless. Upon 
this decision the well was reopened. Mention was 
made of the fact that within iive years not onj 
child that had drunk of this well was afflicted with 
typhoid, the reverse of which being frequently tli.' 
case with those who drank hydrant water. 

The cemetery was considerably enlarged by the 
purchase ol additional grounds, and was also en 
closed with a fence, the expenses incurred beiii.; 

A new register of the members at the monastery 

■was made August 9. With the exception of Father 

Andrew, who returned to Gernian\ , all the Fathers 

remained. Father Andrew departed this life April 

7, 1896, in a monastery near Strassburg. Germany. 

The twenty-fifth anniversary of the organization 
of the Arch-confraternity ol the Holy Family at 
this church was celebrated Christmas. On this same 
day there was also an entertainment in connection 
with a Christmas-tree raffle. 

Financial statement for the year 1887: 

Receipts, §4989.59; Disbursements, .S7742.19. Par- 
ish register. Baptisms, 95: Marriages, 28; First Com- 
municants, 38; Deaths, 34. 


The new 3 ear was begun most joyously with 
the celebration of the Jubilee of our Holy Father, 
Pope Leo, XIII. The festivity began with a solemn 
High Mass, as thanksgiving, which was followed by 
Te Deuni and Papal hymn; after Vespers the Litan> 
ol All Saints was recited for the Pope. 

August 6, a new Crucifix was erected in the 

A Chapter of the Order convened August 8. 9 
and 10, in which Father Francis was elected Pro- 
vincial. Fathers Fidel is and Chrisostom were sent 
to Canal Dover, O. 

Fiither I^elix Maria was appointed Pastor and Su- 
perioT- foi- SS. Peter and Paul's Monasterw with Fath- 
ci- Heinard as Assistant. Fathers Hdephons. Patrick, 
Angelus, Aloysius and Constaiiline were also sta- 
tioned here. 

In March a heating ai)paratus was placed in 
cliuixh by Mr. Habig. 

September 1, the loundation loi" an addition to 
the monastery was begnn. This addition, which is 
used as the choir loi' tiic monastery, is on the east 
side of the conxent. 

There was a solemn Requiem, September 30, 
prescribed i)\ his Holiness, Pope Leo .\ 1 1 1 ; he 
desired tlie Poor Souls to participate in the bene- 
fits of this .Jubilee. The canonizations and Ijcatili- 
cations that took place at this time were cause foi* 
joy to the Church Triumphant, and the indulgences 
were a like cause to the Suffering Church. ()n this 
occasion the faithful not only exhibited their lo\e 
and \eneration toward the llol\ Father, but also 
to the sullering souls as seven hundred communions 
were oflered up for their redemption. 

(ii'eat celebi'ations took place (October 19. 20 and 
21. The new cemeter\ was blessed October 19. A 

— 105 — 

Icirj^c crucifix was erected on a prouiinent eleva- 
tion. Father Bernard assisted by some of the 
paiishioners arranged with much difficulty paths 
and avenues for foot passengers and vehicles. Al- 
though it was Saturday, a large numl:)er attended 
the solemn blessing of the cemetery by Rt. I^ev. 
Bishop Kain. of Wheeling. The procession headed 
by a music band of SS. Peter and Paul's, bore more 
the appearance of a procession proceeding to a joyous 
festival, than to the resting-place of the departed. 
Alter the cross-bearer and altar-boys, came bo^s 
with red, and girls with blue scarfs over their 
shoulders, then the Societies on either side of the 
Bishop. The houses situated on the road leading 
to the cemetery, were handsomely and profusely 
decorated. Mr. Kuhlman's beautifully ornamented 
residence attracted particular attention. At the 
cemetery prayers were recited for the dead, hymn 
sung, and a sermon delivered by Father Maurice 
whose stentorian voice was heard in all parts of the 
cemetery. The same order was observed in the re- 
turn ol the procession, and arriving at church a 
solemn High Mass for the benefactors of the ceme- 
tery was celebrated by Father Felix, the Rt. Rev. 
Bishop attending same. 

Fi\'e clerical students received Minor Orders 
October 20. At 4 P. M. his Eminence, Cardinal 
(iibbons of Baltimore, was conducted with great 
pomp from St. Patrick's to SS. Peter and Paul's 
Church where his Eminence confirmed one hundred 
and forty-three persons, seven of them being con- 
verts and one lady seventy-two years of age. Sol- 
emn Vespers preceded Confirmation, the sanctuary 
was thronged with priests, students and altar boys. 
Only one-third of SS. Peter and Paul's members 
gained for want of space, admittance to the church. 
In the evening his Eminence was serenaded by the 
orchestra of St. Patrick's Church. 

The consecration of the church by the Rt. Rev. 
Bishop Kain, — at present Archbishop of St. Louis — 
began October 21, at seven A. M. The church was 
not opened for the faithful until the procession with 
the sacred relics was concluded. These were borne 
by the Very Rev. Hyacinth, Fathers Felix Maria, 
and Bernard. The ceremonv closed with a solemn 

— 106 — 

High Mass. Rl. k*cv. Kain ofiiciatinjf. his Eminence, 
the Cardinal attending. The interior ol the chin ch 
was handsomelx' decorated with nnnierous beiuiti- 
lul lloral designs h\' \()iing hidies who had been iinhis- 
triouslyat work lor many da^s in the completion ol 
the decoration. I here were about tliree hundred 
candies burning at the liigh altar, hour deacons. 
two arch-deacons and tive priests robed in sacer- 
dotal vestments assisted at High Mass. Besides the 
Capuchin Fathers many priests Irom the arch- 
diocese ol Baltimore and Irom the diocese ol Pitts- 
burg, Wheeling, and Columbus were in attendance. 
\'ery Kev. Hyacinth delivered the lestive oration. 
The consecration continued Irom seven A. M. to 
two P. M. Although the church had been conse- 
crated in 1858, it wiis so altei'cd in consequence oi 
tlie new additions made to it in 1872. that a recon- 
secration \A'as tlumght necessary. 

A Triduum in honor ol the canonization ol St. 
Felix, ol Nicosia, was celebrated December 8. This 
great man approxed ol (iod In miracles, was born 
at Nicosia. Sicil\ , in 1715. At the age ol twenty- 
eight his lerxent desire to be admitted to the 
Cajjuchin Order was liillilled. As a religious he 
led a lile ol great purit\' and sanctit>'. He died 
May 31, 1787, in the zenith ol renown lor the num- 
ber ol extraordinary' miracles wrought. The vSainl's 
miraculous power was also witnessed in this coun- 
try, this is shown by a large painting in St. Au- 
gustine's Church, Pittsburg, Pa., representing a 
mother uith hei two children recei\ing timel\ 
aid through his intercession, llie church was pret- 
tily decoiated with lloral garlands innumeiable 
lights ilbiminating the high altar. A laige {picture 
painted l)\ leather Ildephons. represents the Saint 
in ijrayer beloica i)ietuic ol the Immaculate Moth 
ei" ol (iod whom he so tenderly lo\ed. Brother 
Medard published a booklet containing the actsol his 
canonization and some prayeis in honor" of this Saint. 
The exposition ol the Blessed Sacrament continued 
lor three da\s. A relic ol the Saint ha\ing been 
set in a rcli(|uar>', recei\ed the homage ol the 
l.iilhhil 1)\ kissing llie s.-inic- During the celebra 

- 107 — 

tion seven hundred and fifty persons received the 

The celebration of the Golden Jubilee of the 
holy Father's ordination was appropriately con- 
cluded in the evening of December 31, with a 
special devotion in honor of the Sacred Heart of 
Jesus and with Benediction and Te Deum. 

A musical entertainment in connection with a 
raffle netted the sum of S562. 

Financial statement for the year 1888: 

Receipts, S5506.51; Disbursements, 5816.18. Par- 
ish register. Baptisms, 109; Marriages, 20; Deaths, 
44; First Communicants, 40, 


One huiulred dollars were derived from an en- 
tertainment given by xoung men April 22, and 23. 
for the benefit of the orphans. 

April 27, a Trappist, Brother Killian, of Maria 
Hill, Africa, arrived at Cuml:)erland to collect 
alms for his mission. 

Father Hillary said his first Mass April 2(S, the 
festive oration was delivered by Father Felix. 
Father Flillary was born in Altoetting and lays 
claim to kinship with St. Fidelis, of Sigmaringen. 
and the Venerable Crescentia, of Kaufbeuren. 

Tuesday, April 30, the Centennial of Washing- 
ton's election as first President ol the United States 
was celebrated with solemn lligh Mass and sermon, 
concluding with Te Deum. Church and monastery 
were prettilv decorated with garlands, twenty-one 
national flags, fifteen by nine feet, were streaming 
loftily from the steeple and con\ent. The celebra- 
tion closed with a grand illumination. 

In the night of May 30 31. there was nn inun 
(lation caused by Wills Creek ()\erllo\\ng its banks. 
Mechanic street and one half of Centre and Balti- 
moie streets were flooded. The height ol water ol 
the inundated streets being six feet, recourse was 
had to skiffs. The lower floors of houses were filled 
with water .iiul nuul. In conse(iuence ol this great 
Hood, the conclusion ol the Ma\' de\(>tion was 
omitted. Formeidx' it had always lieen numeiously 
.attended by a large number ol little girls clad in 
white, but this \ear oul\ two girls dressed in 
white .'111(1 fliiit\ two giown peisons wei'e present. 

The .'innu.'il con\ention eon\ened in August re- 
sulted in the following members being stationed .'it 
Cund)erL'UHl: F.'ither Feli.\, Pastor. I'.'ither Hern.'ird 
A.ssist.'uit, and Fathei's Angelus. 1 1 i l.-irius .'ind Peter. 

The newly built addition to the nion.'ister\ was 
blessed b\' Frit her Francis, .Xugust \b. 

— 109 — 

Mr. Michael Wiesel died August 19. aged seventy- 
six years. He is considered the most prominent 
of the founders of this congregation and was highly 
respected by both Catholics and Protestants. Born 
April 16, 1813, near Aschaffenburg, Bavaria, he 
emigrated to America in 1836, remained at Balti- 
more until 1842, when he came to Cumberland. 
In his native country he was devotedly attached 
to music, he not only visited, but through his 
hearty co-operation enhanced the beauty of the 
music feasts given in the surrounding neighborhood. 
Piano, violin, and flute were his favorite instru- 
ments. In Baltimore he organized and directed 
an orchestra and brass band. At the death of 
President Harrison he composed the funeral march 
He married Miss Maria Eva Roth in 1839, at St, 
Alphon's Church, Baltimore. The death of his wife 
occurred a few years previous to his. She was very 
pious and a frequent visitor at church. When Mr. 
Wiesel came to Cumberland he was engaged as 
organist at St. Patrick's Church, at that time called 
St. Mary's. The church contained no organ, and he 
accompanied the singing with a violin. The ap- 
pointment of a German priest at Cumberland was 
his principal and absorbing thought. It was his 
accomplishment in company with Father Neuman, 
— whose beatification will propably be declared 
at an early date, — that the present site of SS. Peter 
and Paul's was chosen. Mr. Wiesel had charge of 
the organ until he was succeeded by Mr. Krug in 
1857. Under the pastorage of Father Mueller, he 
again assumed the duties of this office, whch he 
discharged faithfully until relieved by death. It 
was chiefly owing to his exertions that Ursuline 
Sisters were engaged to take charge of the school, 
and upon their arrival he gave them hospitable 
shelter in his own house until a dwelling was 
procured for them. 

August 26. Rev. Father Ildephons accompanied 
by Father Benedict Aloys and Constantine, and 
three Brothers left for German3^ The last three 
Fathers were to pursue a course of higher studies 
under the direction of their guide at Eichstaett, 
Wurzburg and Innsbruck. 

An expiatory devotion, decreed by his Em in- 


ence. Cardinal Gibbons, was held September 1(>. 17, 
and 18, alter the Mass at 7:30. This devotion took 
place to repair the infamy perpetrated by impious 
men who erected a monument in the cit\' ol Rome 
to cin apostate priest, their object beinji to insult 
the Pope and blaspheme the Holy Faith. 

September 22. a petition was signed by all male 
mend)eis ol the congregation, requesting the rail- 
road company to discontinue the great noise made 
on Sundays between the hours of ten and twelve 
A. M. 

The Centennial Celebration of Allegany County 
began September 25. and continued for three days. 
SS. Peter and Paul's School participated in the 
grand procession ol children, being represented b\' 
2t)5 pupils. The girls weie dressed in white and 
wore red and blue sashes: the boys were also clad in 
the national colors. Besides the Stars and Stripes 
the pupils carried the white banner of the Im- 
maculate Virgin and the red banner of the Inlant 
Jesus. At the reception of President Hariisou, the 
third day of the festi\ it\ , I'ather Patrick was 
among the first to extend in the name of the parisii 
and inonaster\' a heart\' welcome to his l^xcel- 
lenc\ . 

The Centennial of the erection of the diocese ol 
Baltimore was celebrated No\embei- 10. 11. and 12. 

Perry's propert\-, 171 bv 100 feet, situated op 
posite the convent, was bought No\ember 21, I rom 
Mr. George Landwehr for ."> I00(). 

Brothei' Mansnetus. well fort i lied with tlie last 
Sacraments, died December 9. Me was a simple, 
diligent and unassuming Brother. As in lilc so in 
his last honrs he was a model for all. 

The receipts I rom a musical entertainment given 
1)\ school children on Christmas-da\ were S467.4t>. 

I'inanciiil statement for the \ear 1(S(S9. 

Receipts. .^5568. 

Disbnisements. .S8828.ll. 

Palish registei-; Baptisms. 90; Mairiages. 15; 
Deaths, 58; lirst Commnnicants, 19. 


Father Matthew arriv^ed in the beginning ot 
February from Victoria. Kan., to remain here as 
Assistant Pastor in the place of Father Bernard, 
who had been taken ill. Father Matthew was born 
March 9, lcS42, at Alden, Prussia, and is a member 
of the Capuchin Order since July 14, 1881. Prior to 
his entrance he was Superior of the Franciscan 
Brothers at Mount Alverno, near Cincinnati. 
Father Bernard was removed to Peoria, April 9, 
where he departed this life January 15. 1892. 

A concert was given by the Choir Singers April 
10. the proceeds of which were S50. 

May 21. Mr. H. Firle and his wife Catherine 
celebrated their golden jubilee, at which their two 
sons, both belonging to the priesthood, were pres- 

The receipts of the annual picnic given on the 
Fourth were S495. The raliie of a quilt donated by 
Mrs. Sophia Brinker. netted SIOO. 

In August the following appointments were made 
for Cumberland: J'ather Felix, Pastor, Fathers 
Patrick, Angelus. Matthew, Peter, Raphael, Hil- 
ary, and Fmmeran. the last four Fathers still pur- 
suing their studies. 

Brother Otto, of Wheeling, was sent here Sep- 
tember 3. to make arrangements for cinother 
school-room wdiich was pressingl3^ needed lor the 
accomodation of an additional class. Heretolore 
there were but four rooms and at present five are 
scarcely sufficient for the steady increasing num- 
ber of pupils. 

A well was dug this year in the cemetery, the 
expenditures of which were $216. 

Financial statement for the year 1890: 

Receipts, $7172.44. 

Disbursements, $5184.63. 

Parish register: Baptisms, 100; Marriages, 15: 
Deaths, 52; first Communicants. 33. 


A Sacred Heart statue and fourteen stations 
were blessed February 1, at Cresaptown, by one of 
the Fathers. 

February 26, Brother Medard was sent to Cum- 
berland to direct the building of an addition to the 
house of the Sisters, which was completed July 15, 
at an outlay of $1520. An ordinance oi the muni- 
cipal authorities decreed that, beginning with 
April 23, all children not vaccinated were to be 
denied admission to school. 

April 11, a solemn Requiem wa s sa i d f o r W i nd t - 
horst, the celebrated champion of the Catholic 
cause in the late German Kulturkampf. 

The school children ol SS. Peter and Paul's 
were examined May 6 to 8. l)y the school-board. 
Fathers Weider and Gallagher. This examination 
was not only highly but remaikabU successiul, the 
oral dictation of three hundred words showing but 
six words misspelled. 

Father Matthew departed Ma>- 25. for Victoria, 
Kan. lie had taken great interest in the weltare ol 
the >'oung men, the poor and the sick, and deser\ed 
all credit fur his untiring zeal. 

Father Leo, the new I v-api)ointed Assistant ar- 
rived May 27. He was born March 11, IcSj^O, at 
Breitenbrunn, Bavaria, invested November 7. 1878, 
ordained December 20, 1894. 

The picnic of July 4 was financially a grand 
snccess, the sum received being $517.10. 

During the latter part of .July the orphan asxTum 
was closed on account of the serious illness ol Miss 
Mary Doerner, the directress. Some ol the orphans 
were sent to iialtimore. others were adopted b\- 
families residing in Cumberland. This ori^han 
asylum was a religious institute, founded in 1883 
by the Misses Mar\ Doerner. Catharine Hoi/en. aiul 


— IVi — 

Elizabeth Kuhlman. Miss Holzen withdrew alter 
the institution ceased to be under the jurisdiction 
of the Church. Miss Elizabeth Kuhlmann entered 
the novitiate ol the Sisters of St Agnes. The ardu- 
ous enterprise, however, was deserving of all 
praise. Many a child which would have died 
without Baptism was rescued through the agency 
Oi this asylum, and is now gloriously numbered 
among the host of angels. The institute signalized 
itself by a spirit of Christian charity. 

V^ery Rev. Pius Mayer, Provincial of the Car- 
melites, delivered the sermon of the Eeast of Porti- 
uncula, August 2. 

Conrad Wagner, the former pastor of Zion's 
Church at Cumberland, professed the Catholic faith 
in SS. Peter and Paul's Church, August 21. 

October 5, the Very Rev. General Bernard 
Andermatt arrived from Rome. He was iormally 
leceived at the entrance of the church by all 
the members of the monastery; at the high altar he 
recited the prescribed pra3'ers. The joy of seeing 
the successor of St. Francis of Assisi was inde- 
scribable. The students delivered addresses in 
German. English, French, Latin and Greek. The 
young men's society serenaded the noble guest with 
German songs. His visitation being completed, he 
bade farewell October 9. all regretting that his 
sojourn did not continue for a greater length ol 

October 12, Confirmation was administered by 
his Eminence, Cardinal (ribbons, to one hundred 
and forty-three persons. 

The Chapter which was in session October 21, 
assigned the following Fathers to Cumberland : Rev. 
Herman Joseph, Guardian and Pastor; Rev. Marcus 
Assistant. The latter was born August 1, 1(S()3, in 
Pittsburg, invested March 2, 1879, ordained .lune 
19, 1886; Fathers Angel us, Aloys and Benedict, 
Lectors, and Fathers Peter, Raphael, and Emeran, 

The sum of 568.83 was netted at a concert given 
by various members of the parish. 

Christmas-day Father Paul, who received his 
ordination with Father Killian. December 19. said 
his iirst Mass. A musical entertainment took place 
in the evening. 

— 114 — 

T'iiiancial statement lor the vear KS91: 

Receipts. S67(S9.27: Disbursements. $7539.11. Par- 

isli Register. Baptisms. 1()9; Marriages, 20; Deaths, 

53: First Communicants. 39. 


An entertainment given New Year's day netted 
the handsome sum of $483.30. Surely this was a good 
result lor the beginning ol the year. 

The death ol Father Adrian Van de Braak oc- 
curred at Roosendaal. Holland. ITax'ing been lor a 
numiier ol years Pastor at SS. Peter and 
Paul's, a re(piiem was celebrated lor the repose 
ol his soul. 

The young men gave a dramatic entertainment 
Faster Monday, the receipts being 390. 

From May 22 to .June 1. a mission was con- 
ducted by Fathers Stuhl. Zimmer and Ruber. C. 
SS. R. One thousand lour hundred and twenty-six 
penitents receixed the IloK' Sacraments. The 
chuixii could not contain all that came to hear the 
word ol God. 

The magnilicent siun ol .StSOO was obtained lrt)in 
the picnic given on JuU' 4. 

Rev Peter was sent here in August as Assistant. 
He was born September 7. 18W), at Clearfield. Pa., 
entered the Order August 25. 1(S(S3. and ordained 
August 25. 1(S(S9. i-athers Paul, Killian and Raphael 
were transleried. leather limeian had been trans- 
lerred in Ai)ril; the other members remained in 

A day-school was opened b\ the Sisters in Sep- 
tember, lor the i)nri)ose ol giving the children that 
liad completed their studies at the Parochial 
school an o|)portnii it \ ol gaininga higher education 
without endangeiing their laitli. 

On the occasion ol the Fourth Centennial ol the 
discoveiNol America b\ Columbus a solemn high 

— 115 — 

Mass prescribed by the Cardinal was celebrated 
October 16, in honor of the Most Holy Trinity. The 
following words taken from the writing of his 
Eminence the Cardinal may be inserted: "In the 
civilization of the country and the contineance of 
its benefits our farthers took a prominent and de- 
cided part and went mutually hand and hart with 
their fellow citizens without distention of Creed. 
They aided to explore ai>d colonize the land and to 
develop its resources. They sacrificed their vital 
power and many, their lives, in the defence of their 
adopted country's liberty. Besides we partake of 
the fame of the great discoverer, he being born and 
reared in our own Catholic faith, glorifying it by 
his virtues, and embellishing it by his prominent 
intellect and unremitting zeal. As all christian 
Europe gave thanks to God at the time of the dis- 
covery, so christian America, whose inhabitants 
derive the main benefit of it, must duly celebrate 
the fourth Centennial of this event by hymns of 
thanksgiving and pul)lic festivities." The solemn 
High Mass and afternoon's service were attended 
by a large number of people. 

December 22 a fair was opened for the purpose of 
obtaining a sufficient fund to build a new hall, as 
the need of it was apparent to all. Tlie parishion- 
ers vied with another, to make this fair a material 

A concert was given by the Young Men the first 
evening. Second evening followed an entertain- 
ment by the children. 

Chief manager of the Bazaar was Mr. F. Gram- 
lich. Th.^ care of preserving good order was in the 
hands of Messrs. George Malz and Chas. Soible. 
Messrs. J. Ste:,;meier, Bern. Schaaf and Jos. Mullen 
were appointed to collect the entrance fee. Messrs. 
Reinhard. Swan, Mothersole, Matt. McEvoy and 
Fradisca, gave a Musical. Tuesday and Wednesday 
evencng, 27 and 28, another concert took place. 
The contest of a vestment between the pastor of 
Lonaconing, and of this parish was closed Saturdav, 


Financial statement lor the year 1892. 

Receipts. SIO.778.83: Disbursements, $5,567.88. 
Church record; Baptisms. 103: Marriages. 23; Deaths 
59; First Communicants, 47. 


The following Monday high Mass was offered up 
for all who had been engaged at the fair. The con- 
test netted $11(S1.9(). and the grand total of all re- 
ceipts of the fair was >5 4397. 50. 

in the evening of May 23, a dramatic entertain- 
ment was given in the old hall by St. Joseph's 
Gesang Verein, the financial result feeing 3106. 

The corner-stone of the new SS. Peter and Paul's 
Hall was solemnly laid .Jiuie 11. This ceremony 
was performed by Rev. Fathei" H\acinth, l^ro- 
vincial, and was largely attended b\- all the parish- 
ioners, Rev. Father Maurice, of Wheeling, delixer- 
ed the (lerman Festive oration, the l^nglish oration 
being belivered by Father Weider, of W esternport. 
The C. & P. R. R. furnished an extra excursion 
train lor the societies ol the neighboring towns. 
They had j^iomised to attend the ceremonies, and 
were met at the depot by the Societies of SS. 
Peter and F.-inl's Church and escorted to the festive 
place, riicre were also pi'cscnt : Re\ . Hrcnnan fiom 
St. Patrick's Church; Re\ . Clark, of I^ostburg; 
Rc\ . ()'C()nn()r. \il. Sa\age; Rew Conway. Barton, 
and I\e\ . Stanton, of Fonaconing. After the 
solemn cerenu)nies the Te Deum was chanted. The 
sum of .S251. 17 was contributed at the collection. 

The picnic which took place in the Park, .July 
1, was not so well attended as those gi\en lormei'K'. 
In \ icw III tile iiiaiix picnics gi\en at other places, 
it did laiil\' well, the snni netted being 

Porliuncula Feast, which was celebrated .Augnst 
(), was iiuiner()usl\ attended. \'er\ Re\ . Pins, (). C. 
C, deli\eied the lesti\e sermon. 

ihe communilN- in the coinent was registered 
August 9, as follows: Father Merman Joseph, Pas- 
tor, \'er\ Re\ . Francis Seraph. Fx-Provincial, 

— 117 — 

Fiitlier Mark. Assistant, Fathers AI03-S. Benedict, 
and Constantine, Lectors. 

The division of the old hall into four large class 
rooms was completed August 25, the expense being 

Father Cassian, who was ordained August 29. at 
Uchester, by his Eminence the Cardinal, celebrated 
his first Mass September 3, Very Rev. Francis de- 
livering the sermon. 

Mr. Hartmann accompanied Father Mark Sep- 
tember 18, to Keyser, and from thence to xMays- 
ville. Grant County, West Va., a distance of thirty- 
two miles, which had to be made by means of a con- 
veyance. At Maysville there was a Catfiolic family 
by the name of Hess; the father liad not seen a 
priest lor twenty years, and being now ill. desired 
the Holy Sacraments. Father Mark said Mass in 
the house, the sick man and his son receiving holy 

October 15, the electric wires in church, con- 
vent and Sister's residence were renewed at an ex- 
pense of 390. A chandelier which is placed near 
the sanctuary, was bought for $20. 

Fathers Guardian and Mark went to Baltimore 
October 21, to be present at the celebration of the 
twenty-Iifth anniversary of the episcopate which 
his Eminence celebrated October 22. 

The new school was dedicated November 26. 
After Vespers the clergy and the members o( the 
church went in piocession to the hall, which was 
then blessed b^^ Father Herman, who also delivered 
an appropriate sermon. The choir sang several 
songs, and the festivity closed with Te Deum. The 
cost of the new hall, including the necessary alter- 
ations in the old hall, as also the erection of a wall 
wdiich now separates the grounds on which the new 
hall is built from John's property, amounted to 
$14,281. The concert hall, which has a large seating 
capacity, is forty-five by one hundred leet, and 
contains a stage, gallery, corner-room at entrance, 
ticket office, and circulating 1 library of the Con- 
ferences. In the basement tliere are two meeting- 
rooms for the Knights of St. George, SS. Peter and 
Paul's Society, and the young men. It also contains 
a bath-room and considerable space for the heating 

— lib — 

The young men under the di reel ion ol 
Father Mark gave a draniatie entertainment No- 
vember 27 and 2(S. The music was lurnished gratis 
l)y Prof. McCauley. The proceeds were used in 
paying for the hall's furniture. 

Mr. George Hammersehmidt, a native of Bava- 
ria, died December 4, aged seventy-one years. This 
gentleman and his wife, who was born at Cumberland 
and departed this life live days previous to her 
husband, bequeathed to the church S3550 in cash, 
two houses which were sold lor 32550, and also a 
farm located near Kingwood, Preston County, West 
Va. The testament, however, was declared void 
by several lawyers because it contained the re- 
ligious and not the secular name of the legatee. 
In order to avoid all difficulties the testament was 
legalized by an act of the legislature of Maryland. 
Mr. McHenry, attorney, rendered the kind service 
of bringing the matter to a happy conclusion. 

On account ol the frequent complaints by pew 
holders that their seats were occupied in the 8.30 
Mass and that quite olten many could find no other 
seats, a change beginning with December was made 
by having Mass for children at 9 o'clock. In place 
of the Mass at 7.30 there was now Mass with a short 
sermon at 7. The Mass at 9 being lor children only 
no one was gi\en a I'ight to his seat dniing this 
divine scrxice, but of those desiring to attend it a 
small conlribiilion ol ten cents lor the bcnelit ol 
the church was demanded. 

A musical entertainnieiu gixen b\ the children 
took place Christmas. 

iMuancial statement lor the vear 1(S93: 

Receipts .SIO. 191 .(> 1; Disbui-sements. .^19,180.92. register: baptisms. 115; Marriages. 19; Deaths. 
56; liist Communicants, 35. 

\ KHv i{K\'. P. josKPH .\^'i■^^ll.^•^•. o. m. < .\i'.. rii<A i,\( i.\i.. 


March 4, the Sodalities presented two silver 
chalices to the church. Thev had been purchased 
tor $75. 

A dramatical entertainment given by St. Jo- 
seph's Gesang Verein May 7 and 8, netted $133.25. 

The receipts of the grand annual picnic given 
July 4, in the Park, were $385.75. 

Mr. Frederick Going, of New York, gave a 
lecture on Shakespeare, in the hall. The arrange- 
ments for this lecture were made by several prom- 
inent citizens of Cumberland. 

The register of the members of the monastery 
being newly arranged by the Provincial Chapter 
of the Order August 21, the following appointments 
were made: Very Rev. Father Francis, Pastor and 
Guardian; Fathers Anastasius and Marks, Assis- 
tants; Fathers Aloysius, Benedict, and Constan- 
tine. Lectors; Father Herman, Pastor of St. Au- 
gustine's Church, Pittsburg, The new Assistant, 
Father Anastasius was born April 4, 1854, at Reich- 
enhofen, Wurtemberg, entered the Order Januarv 
29, 1873, ordained September 23, 1876. 

SS. Peter and Paul's Society celebrated its Sil- 
ver Jubilee September 26, with solemn High Mass 
and General Communion. His Eminence, the Car- 
dinal of Baltimore, came September 22. Imme- 
diately after his arrival he said Mass, during which 
the clerics, numbering thirteen, received thcTonsurc 
and the Minor Orders. During the same Mass three 
clerics, namely, Praters Bernardine. Clement, and 
Joseph Leonissa received the Sub-dcaconry. 

In the afternoon of September 23, one hundred 
and forty-eight persons were ordained, ten of whom 
being converts. 

September 24. Praters Bernardine. Clements, 
and Joseph Leonissa were ordained Deacons. 

— 120 — 

Beginninji; with December 23. n Tridiiaii \v<'is 
begun in honor oi the beatiiication ol the blessed 
Didacus Joseph ol Cadiz, who had been a member 
ol the Capuchin Order. Solemn High Mass was 
celebrated Ccich day, and the sermons were deliv- 
ered by the Fathers Anastasius, Constantine and 
Mark. In the aiternoon there were Vespers, de- 
votion to the Blessed, Veneration of his relic, the 
divine service concluding with Te Deum. The 
Blessed Didacus Joseph was born April 2, 1743. He 
especially distinguished himself as Apostolic Mis- 
sionary of Spain. When, standing before the as- 
sembled multitude and raising the crucifix aloft, 
he exclaimed: "O sweet life of my hope," all 
were suddenly seized with an irresistible enthu- 
siasm lor faith, vvhicli made them fall on their 
knees before the image of their blessed Redeemer. 
The Blessed was not only a great Missionary , but 
also a humble Capuchin. He died March 24, IcSOl. 
A short biography printed and pid^ilish^d at our 
office made the life of this great man known to the 
public. A large j^icture painted by an artist at 
Munich was placed on the high altar, representing 
the Blessed in life-size, as preaching, the right 
hand elevated, and above him the emblem of the 
Most Holy Trinity, The celebration was numerous- 
ly attended by the congregation. 

On Christmas and New ^ear the St. Joseph's 
(lesang \'erein ga\ e a musical entertainment in the 
hall, the financial result of which was .S16(S.(S(). 

Financial statement for the vear 1(S94: 

Receipts. .S65(S().58: Disbursements. $5860.17. Par- 
ish register: Bajjtisms. 98; Marriages, 14; Deaths, 
51; First Cr)nininnicants. 11. 

ijllj ifl! (fli 

A T P 


The illumination of the immediate neighborhood 
of the church, having hitherto been very unsatis- 
factory, the members of the congregation were re- 
quested in February to meet in the reception 
room of the Pastor in order to sign a petition to 
the City Council for the erection of an electric 
light in the vicintiy of the church. The request 
was cheerfully complied with, the signatures of 
nearly all the members were obtained. The pe- 
tition was granted, and a beautiful, large electric 
light was placed in the neighborhood of the church. 

April 1, a part of Porter's estate was added to 
the convent; the addition considerably enlarged 
the garden of the convent. This newly purchased 
ground is 172 by 101 feet and the cost of same is $5000. 

Entertainments were given by St. Joseph's Ge- 
sang Verein April 15 and May 1, the receipts oi 
both entertainments being S140. 

The clerics Bernardine, Clement, and Joseph 
Leonissa were ordained by Most Rev. Bishop A. A. 
Curtis, of Wilmington, Del., June 21, 

Father Bernardine Kuhlmann, the father of the 
newly ordained priest, has been a citizen of Cum- 
berland since the year 1838. Fie well remembers 
the old frame church which stood on the site where 
the school of St. Patrick's Congregation now stands. 
Mr. Kuhlmann is probably the only surviving mem- 
ber of SS. Peter and Paul's, who has seen that old 

In the congregation of the Order the following- 
priests were assigned August 20, for our church: 
Very Rev. Francis, Pastor, Fathers Didacus and 
Mark, Assistants, Fathers Aloys, Benedict, and 
Constantine. Lectors, Fathers Bernardine, Cle- 
ment, and Joseph Leonissa, Students. Father An- 


astasius was called to Wheel iiijt;, from thence he 
went to Rome with Very Rev. Hyacinth and Father 
Pancratius to attend the General Chapter ol the 
Order. The late appointed Assistant. Father Di- 
dacus, was born October 11. 1(S37, at Rosrath. Prus- 
sia, ordained May 20. 1880. 

The Italian government ever inimical to the 
holy See celebrated September 20. the twenty-fitth 
anniversary of the invasion of Rome and the un- 
just occupation of the eternal city. The holy 
Father desired that the whole Catholic World 
should offer earnest and zealous prayers on 
this day of sorrow for the freedom and independ- 
ence of the holy See. In compliance with the holy 
Father's request a special devotion was held in 
SS. Peter and Paul's. 

Financial statement for the year 1895. 

Receipts. $5997.07. 

Disbursements. $5760.45. 

Parish register: Baptisms, 97; Marriages, 17; 
Deaths, 32; Converts, 3: first Communicants. 59. 



The amount contributed by the government of 
the United States toward the maintenance of the 
Catholic Indian Mission being yearly diminished, 
an urgent appeal of his Eminence the Cardinal in 
behalf of these Indians and the eight million ne- 
groes of this country was read. The collection made 
lor this laudable object amounted to $73. 

A new floor was laid in the church June 13. 
Messrs. Landwehr and Gluck were the contractors. 
The expense incurred was S318.82. 

The receipts of a picnic given on Julv 4, were 

In August the register of the members of the 
monastery was: Very Rev. Francis, Rector, Fath- 
ers Didacus and Raphael, Assistants. There was no 
change made regard to Lectois. The new Assistant 
Father Raphael was born in Wenschdorf, Bavaria, 
December 14, 1854, Capuchin since September 10, 
1873, ordained September 15, 1877. 

An ovster supper given September 2(>, netted 

$140 were received at a Christmas entertainment 
given by the young men. The expenditure for a 
cistern near the church for the school children was 

November 11, Mr. Martin Sieveking, the cele- 
brated Dutch pianist, gave a piano recitel which 
was heartily applauded by all. Mr. Sieveking had 
been invited to Cumberland by Mr. Wiesel. 

Financial statement for the year 1896. 

Receipts, $6558.96. _ 

Disbursements, $6072.34. 
Parish register: Baptisms, 94; Marriages, 19; 
Deaths, 38; first Communicants, 52. 


The sum oi $78.06 was received at the collection 
for the Indian and Negro Missions. 

To the great regret of his many friends Very 
Rev. Father Francis, who had been for many years 
Pastor at our church, returned to Europe, in the 
month of May. Rev. Fr. Didacus took temporarily 
charge of the Parish. 

June 9 and 10 the young men gave an intei'est- 
ing entertainment, the receipts of same were $130. 

IVaters John M. .Jerome and Agotha were or- 
dained by his Imminence Cardinal Oibbons, June 17. 

The picnic given July I, netted 5173.06. 

The register of the members of the monastery 
was rearranged August 17. The api)()inlnients were: 
Rev. Father Charles, Pastor and (iuaidian. Father 
Charles was born March 11, 1859, at Langenbrucken, 
Haden, Capuchin since May 27, 1880, ordained De- 
cember 20. 1884. Fathers^ Raphael and Matthew 
were made Assistants; Fathers Aio\s, Bcncclicl, 
and .John Maria, Lectoi's; Fathers .leionie and 
Agalho, Students of Theology. 

i'he Pastor invited, September 12. the men ot Uie 
congiegat ion to a meeting in the hall. llicN' ai)- 
peared in great nunil)er. The l^istor annouced in 
glowing terms that .June 1. 1898, would be the iii- 
tieth anni\ersar> ol the L'i>ing ol the corner-stone 
ol the elinreh. and that it would be an act ol 
gratitnde to the dearlx depai-ted as also to the 
members li\ing to solemnlx celebrate this (lolden 
.Jubilee. Ilie suggestion met with an immediate 
and enthusiastic reception. The Pastof lurlhcr- 
niore exjjressed the wish to appoint a committee 
that should assist him in the administration ol the 
secular alfairs of the church. The gi-eatei' number 
ol the assend)led as.sented to the proposition. A -i 
it is not customarx' in the aiehdiocese to ha\e 

— 125 — 

church trustees, application was made to his Em- 
inence lor power to make such appointments. The 
request was granted with the stipulation, 'Provided 
they have no legal power whatsoever," The fol- 
lowing members received the most votes and wei'e 
appointed as trustees ol the church: Messrs. 
Ignatius Stegmeier, Peter Hart, John Dressmann, 
William H. Dorner, Michael L. Wiesel, and Henry 
Gluck. It was also proposed and agreed upon to 
have the cliurch irescoed for the approaching 

Most Rt. Rev. Bishop A. A. Curtis administered 
October 10 the Sacrament of Confirmation to one 
hundred and eighty-one persons. On the two pre- 
ceding days the same Rt. Rev. Bishop conferred 
Holy Orders on the clerics of the convent. All 
clerics were greatly edified at the piety and lo\e 
of prayer of this Bishop. 

In the month of October, Promoters for the 
Apostolate were appointed by the Pastor and the 
Society was to a great extent reorganized. The 
same had been canonically established for some 
time, but owing to a want of active participation 
on the part of its members gradually appioached 

An oyster supper for the benefit of the .Jubilee 
was given November 24 and 25 by the young ladies 
under the direction of Misses Mary and Catharine 
Landwehr. Aside from the excellent supper served 
it was a lively and joyous social, and was well 
attended, and in every way a grand success. Its 
receipts were S240. 

November 30, Mr. and Miss Tremmel. brother 
and sister and both blind, gave a little concert in 
return of which they were permitted to take up a 

About this time all the statues ol the church 
were painted with such skill as to give them the 
appearance of being new. The work was done by 
Brother Bernard, a member of the monastery at 
Summit. Excepting the railroad fare of the Brother 
and the cost of the painting materials there was no 
further expense, which was indeed a great saving to 
the church. 

In the latter part of November I-ather Charles 

12U — 

was afflicted with a severe attack of rheumatism 
from which he ultimately recovered slowly. 

Financial statement for the year 1897. 

Receipts, $7431.03; Disbursements, $6596.35; Par- 
ish Register: Baptisms, 98; Marriages. 15; Deaths^ 
35; First Communicants, 55. 

KK\. I'. cii.\km;s, II. M. c:ai' 


The contract for frescoing the church was given 
to Mr. F. W. Strieby, of Washington, D. C. The 
work was both artistically and tastefully executed. 
The expense incurred for same was $600. The fres- 
coing was begun February 18, and completed April 
1. All the wood work in the church, such as pews, 
confessioucils, gallery, windows, doors, etc., were 
also painted. The church has undergone a comDlete 
change; its present appearance is that of a late 
erected building. Three large ventilators were 
placed in the ceiling, and six combination candela- 
brunis were purchased. The sacristy was also given 
a thorough renovation. The exterior of the church 
and wood work were painted by Mr. George Zapf. 
who completed the work to the great satisfaction 
of all. 

The alteration and repairing of the old organ 
would have entailed a considerable outlay of 
money. According to the statement of those com- 
petent to judge in such matters the value of the 
organ in its present condition would not justify 
such a heavy expenditure. It was therefore decided 
to purchase a new organ. 

The new organ, from the manufactory of Mr. 
Nieman, Baltimore, is a perfect instrument of great 
strength of tone and manifold combinations. The 
latest improvements in the science of music and 
mechanism are applied to this organ. The plan of 
the registers was made by Mr. .J. P. Wiesel. At a 
glance it may be observed that the registry is well 
proportioned, and that all the registers, such as the 
octave, flute, stringed instruments, as also the com- 
partment of the reeds are well represented and 
permit of lovely and various combinations. The 
tone of the full organ is sonorous and solemn. The 

- 128 — 

application of registers which are eight leet long 
aliord greater advantages than those nsually found 
in other organs; they add greater durability and 
secure the production of those impressive and sub- 
lime harmonies which characterize the most noble 
features of the queen of instruments. 

The new organ is supplied with a pneumatic 
contrivance in order to facilitate a prompt action 
of the pipes and a light pressure in manipulating 
the keys. The same arrangements are also made 
with regard to the foot pedal. The pipes receive the 
air by means of large bellows to which horizon- 
tally moving valves are attached. The bellows are 
set in motion by a large Ross water-motor. The 
cost of the organ including the motor is $3900. 00. 
The new organ necessitating a larger space than the 
old one the gallery was sufficiently extended. This 
work was done by the popular and well-known Mr, 
George Landwehr. 

The old organ was sold to St. Michael's Church, 
Find lav. O. 

^ [in iHi 

SS. I'lill'.K A 


I.'S SCH()()1-S. 

®l)e |larodtial School. 

A Catholic congregation without a school may 
be compared to a house without a foundation. A 
good parochial school is a great blessing lor the par- 
ish. It is in such a school that those principles 
which arc required of a good Catholic are implant- 
ed. As patriotism, — love of one's country — is 
best imbibed in earliest childhood, so the love and 
enthusiasm for our holy religion must be instilled 
in the heart of a child at school. If even such who 
in their youth had the advantage of receiving a 
thorough Catholic instruction, get estranged in lat- 
er years from their holy faith, owing to the irre- 
ligious spirit Oi the agj, what have we to expect of 
those who never attended a Catholic school and ob- 
tained only a slight knowledge of the truths of our 
holy religion? In view of these facts it has always 
be;;n a good Pastor's first and chief care to erect 
a good parochial school. We find that the Redenip- 
torists at their very beginning at Cmnberland or- 
ganized a school. 

Brother Adtm, gratefully remembered by many 
a resident of Cumberland, conducted the school at 
its first opening. There were about filty-five pu- 
pils in attendance; he had charge of the school 
until 1851 from which time we find mention of Mr. 
William Luehrmann as teacher. After a short en- 
gagement this gentleman withdrew; he entered the 

- 130 — 

Order and was subsequently ordained to the holy 
priesthood. In IcSScS Mr. Krug took charge of the 
school; he, too, ielt a call to be a religious and join- 
ed the Benedictines. At present he is Abbot of 
the world-renowned Benedictine Abbe3^ Monte 
Casino in Italy. Again Brother Adam was appoint- 
ed teacher, but for only a short period when he 
was succeeded by Misses Helen Fuerst and Mary 

The year 1870 brought a fortunate change for the 
future welfare of the school. The Carmelites ap- 
plied to the Ursuline Nuns, of Louisville, Ky., to 
take charge of the parochial school. The offer was 
accepted and since that period the school has been 
conducted with capability and eminent success. 
The two first teaching sisters that arrived at Cum- 
berland were Sisters Bonifacia and Francis Xavier, 
At that time there were sixty-six boys and ninety 
girls attending school. Now Sisters Dennis and 
Stanislaus conduct the high school, and the Sisters 
Teresa, Steven, Henrietta, Cordula, Antonette and 
Seraphine labor with indefatigable zeal in the 
parochial school. Sister Seraphine is music teach- 
er and conducts the children's choir. Sisters 
Nothburga and Rosina attend to the household work 
for the Sisters. The total number of pupils includ- 
ing those of high school is 365. 

\^ iii 'i^ 

■^ X 

In our time in which science and education form 
factors, that are powerful, the rising generation 
lays claim to a liberal education as their birthright. 
The reflective mind sees but one outcome, and that 
is that the youth of the present time need a more 
extensive education than those of the preceding 
generation. This ideal in its fullest development 
laid the foundation of SS. Peter and Paul's High 
School. The founders of this school were aware of 
the fact that our Catholic youth had to be fitted 
for the respective vocations in this life by a higher 
education than that afforded by the primary school 
in order to keep abreast with their contemporaries 
who are provided with all the advantages for the 
necessary qualification to an honorable calling. 
We must meet the wants of the times and come up 
to a higher standard. If our Catholic schools afford 
not the required intellectual advantages that can be 
obtained outside of the church, it must surely prove 
derogatoiy to the S3 stem of our schools. It was on 
account of the.^e facts that the High Scool was cs- 

— 182 — 

tablished in the 3'ear 1892. The Ursuline Sisters, 
whose reputation as an educational Order is well 
established throughout the World, opened a class 
lor hijjjhcr studies, and at the end of the first year 
ten pupils were enrolled, Father Herman was by 
no means discouraged by this conii)arati\'cly small 
number. The second year showed :in increase of 
12, and the 3^ear following opened with an enroll- 
ment of 25 pupils. As the advantage of a higher 
education became more apparent the number of 
pupils continued to increase steadily. The close of 
the third school year showed thirty-six pupils in 
attendance, but in the fourth year the half century 
mark was reached. To connect this advanced class 
with the elementary grades of the parochial school 
was the x^rime aim of the Pastor, Rev. F. Charles. 
The connection took effect September, 1897. The 
prosperous condition of the school justifies the ex- 
pectation and hope which have been cherished that 
in the long chain of fifty years it may form the last 
golden link of noble enterprises which have been 
undertaken and accomplished during this half- 
century. It is the crowning desire of many that 
the school will always be attended by a number of 
aspiring and diligent young ladies that strive to 
attain the noblest ideals of life; to gain by means 
of a thorough knowledge of necessary and useful 
sciences a fitting position in life in wImcIi pure 
morals and religion form the bulwark. This is the 
form of higher education which will enable the fu- 
ture generation to benefit mankind b\' tiieir oual- 
ificatif)ns and true Christian eliarit\'. 

In .June, 1896. at the examination of the gradnat 
ing class the following young ladies received dip- 
lomas and premiums: Catherine Lippold, Agnes 
Lippold, Mary Ilogan. and Catherine McNamara; 
tile recipients of the diplomas passed their examin- 
ation creditabi\' and merited tlie high st lionors 
which SS. Peter and Paul's High School is enipow 
ered to confer. Father Francis, under whose di 
rection this school was conchicted lor several \ears, 
del i\ ered an effective address after the conferring 
of di|)Ionias. The Rev. speaker reminded the pu- 
pils ol their duties toward (Jod, self and mankind; 
he dwelled particularly upon the fact that success 
does n(U depend nj^on the applatise of the world. 

iiAi'Kr. AM) lONVKNi' OK iitsri.rNK sisTKiis. i.orisvii.i.i;. k\. 

— VS3 

which is usually obtained by actions that appear 
great and glorious outwardly. The true merit of 
our action consists in performing lowly and com- 
monplace duties conscientiously and perfectly. 
Nothing is great in itself, only the good intention 
and perfect manner in which an action is performed 
make it meritorious and praiseworthy. The per- 
formance of menial duty, if sanctified by a super- 
natural motive may be equal to a more heroic 
action, yea, even surpass it! The conclusion to be 
drawn from the foregoing is that their future life 
must prove that they carry the instructions receiv- 
ed into effect. They are now departing from 
school which is the most important place on earth, 
they should bear with them the radiant virtues of 
St. Francis, charity and humility, and prize the 
ornament of a modest demeanor, which has been 
impressed upon their hearts at school as a costly 
treasure. Whereever the path of their life may 
lead them, they should let their virtuous actions 
diffuse a bright light around them, and make use 
of the talents they have received and seek to influ- 
ence those that surround them to purer and higher 

The day succeeding the following six young ladies 
received "Graduating Honors": Emma Gerdemann, 
Susan and Catherine Kotschcnreuther. Maude Dolan, 
Edona Lichtenstein. and Rosa Noonan. The press 
highly recommended the school to the public for its 
superior accomplishments. The pupils not only ex- 
hibited intellectual and moral qualifications but a 
certain refinement of conduct which is generally 
observed in pupils of Catholic institutions. If the 
success of these pupils may be considered as a testi- 
mony of their caoability and virtuousness then this 
congregation and all who are interested in educa- 
tional progress may justly pride themselves upon 
the prosperous career of these eight young ladies, 
who also underwent the examination required of 
those seeking a position as teacher in the public 
schools and all passed it successfully: six of the 
young ladies having already obtained positions as 

— 184 — 

The loUowing branches are taught: 
Bible History, 

\ rithniclic and Bookkeepinji;, 
English Cirammar, 
History. JModern and United States, 
Literature, English, 
Astronomy and Mythology, 

Physics and Familiar Science, 
Civil Government and Physiology, 

Reading and Orthography, 
Essays and Letter-writing, 
German and Latin Languages, 

i^ t^ <iJi 
'■& T w- 



I 1 

©athoUc Societies* 

There was never a dearth ot Catholic societies 
at our church. The first society established was 
St. Joseph's. This society did much good during 
its existence but ultimately dissolved, 

1. A brief statement of SS. Peter and Paul's so- 
ciety has been given in the year 1868. In 1874 this 
society affiliated with the German Roman Catholic 
Central Society. At present the treasury contains 
$647.60. Number of members 118. Number of 
deaths since its organization 31. Any member who 
is seriously ill receives three dollars per week and 
also a night-watch. In case of death each member 
contributes one dollar, of which sum thirty dollars 
are paid immediately to the relatives of the deceas- 
ed, and the balance at the end of the month. The 
monthly due is twenty-five cents. Mr. Fr. Soethcr 
is President. 

2. Caiholic Knights of America are represented 
l^y St. George's Knights, Branch No. 33. Nund)er 
of members 98. At the death of a member the heirs 
receive $500. $1000. or $2000 according to the policy 
of insurance. Mr. Theodore Thummcl is President. 

3. The members of St. .Joseph's Gesang Verein 
assemble every Wednesday evening. 

4. Young Men's Club. 

5. Young Ladies' Literary Society. 


@rl)tvb CHbcv. 

The Third Order forms lor seculars n substitute 
for the religious life in a community. It is not 
simply a Confraternity, but a real Order. The 
members of this Order, in the midst of the world 
and surroimded by family ties, seek to lead a life 
of perfection by a strict adhcience to the ol^serv- 
ance of the law of God, the Church, and the rules 
of the Order. Emperors, kiniis, hi.uh and low, rich 
and poor, the most celebrated men of history, among 
others Christopher Columbus considered it a great 
honor of being a member of this (^rder. The es- 
tablishment of the Order in thisi)arisli dates back 
to the beginning of the pastorate of the Capuchins. 
At pi'csenl there are 266 members enrolled in (lu' 
Third Order. The afternoon of every third Sundax 
there is a meeting for the (.erman uKMubers, and 
the linglish speaking mend)ers lia\c Ihcii" meeting 
the fifth Sunday of the month. Main' Popes, among 
them ]*ope Leo XlTl, ha\c warniK' recommended 
the Third Order and earnestly ai)pealed to the 
laithful to join this nni(|ne and wonderlul insti- 
tution ol Assisi. 

BL'sides the Third Order tliere are at SS. Peter 
and Paul's the fol lowing Conlraternities aiifl So 

1. The ConI iaternit\- of St. Francis' Cord. The 
wearing of the cord and the daily recitation of five 
Our I^'ithers in honor of the wounds of St. Francis 
are the obligations of this Confraterniiy. The 
memlxM's partake of man\- indulgences. 

— i:;: — 

2. The Sacred Heart League is introduced also, 
and in the past year the rene\Yal ol the organiza- 
tion by adopting promoters, awakened new zeal, 
and it numbers now 500 members with 22 promoters. 

3. The Confraternity of the Sacred Heart of 
Mary is canon ically erected since August 24. 1851. 
The number of members received since its organi- 
zation is 12(S0. An Ave is daily said for the con- 
version of sinners. Each month two Masses are 
said for the Conversion of sinners, and lor the 
poor souls. 

4. The Living I'^osary. This Confraternity has 
400 members. It was established at the very be- 
ginning of the parish. Rosary decades are ex- 
chanj.ed monthly. 

5. The Poor Soul Confraternity was established 
February 11. hS66, raid has 350 members. Lvery 
member pays yearly 25 cents, and 5 cents at the 
death of a member. When a menil)er departs this 
life three Reciuiens are sung for the repose of the 
departed, and also low Masses are said, their num- 
ber depending upon the amount contributed b\' the 

6. The Arch-Confraternity of the Holy Family 
is divided as follows: 

a) The Men's Conference, 5 grades, witli l'>3 
members. Casper Rohman, President; 
Anton Kienhoefer, Secretary; Felix 

Bare is. Librarian. 

b) Ladies' Conference, 10 dixisions with 20() 
members. Mrs. S(^phia lirinker. President. 

c) The Young Men's Conference, 5 divisions 
and 76 mendiers. George Hart, Presi- 
dent: Peter Lii)pold, Vice-President: .los. 
Forlieck, Tr*. asurer. 

d) Young Ladies' Conference, 6 divisions and 
12(S members. Mary Snyder, l^resident; 
Hortentia Wahl, Vice-President: liliz. 
Holzen, Librarian. 

Each Conference has a monthly meeting with 
Sermon, etc. 

The Scapular of Mount Carmel and thcFivc-iold 
Scapular have a large number of mendiersenroUcd. 
St. Joseph's Scaimlar is also highly esteemed and 
worn bv many. 

^v '%. 

^outin^ of ^ixnne ^erulcee* 

Sunday Service is as follows: 

The first Low Mass is said at ha If- past five, the 
second at seven o'clock, connected with a sermon: 
the third Mass at nine o'clock issaid especially for 
the school children. During this Mass the rosary 
is recited. At the heginniiiK, as also at the close 
of same, a hymn is sung by the children's choir, At 
ten o'clock High Mass is celebrated in connection 
with a sermon, at the close of which the Angel us is 
prayed. At half-past two in the afternoon there is 
Vespers, Christian l^octrine and Benediction. In 
case of a service in the evening. Benediction is de- 
ferred until after this devotion. Christian Doctrine 
is omitted from the end of .June to the beginning of 
September. The children are solicited to attend 
Christian Doctrine to the age of sixteen, nfter 
which they are admitted to the Conferences. 

Lvery S.-iturday evening at seven o'clock is 
dcvoticm to the Blessed Virgin, the rosnry being 
recited by a cleric. At the close Benediction is 
given with the l)lessed Sacrnment. 

On IIolida\s of obligation the routine is 
observed as on Sundays. I.evitical High Mnss at 
ten o'clock. Vespers at three o'clock, but no 
Christian Doctrine. On \\-cek dn\s } cw M.'ksscs 

— 1 3U — 

begin at hall past-five. The last Mass which is at- 
tended h3 the school children is at ha If -past seven. 
During same the children either recite the rosary 
or sing hymns. After this Mass, class hours begin. 

On Christmas day the first High Mass is cel- 
ebrated at five o'clock. 

On Candlemas day candles are blessed, and in 
the evening at seven o'clock there is rosary, litany 
and benediction. Saint Blase's blessing is received 
annually by a great number of the faithful. 

During J.ent devotions are held in the evening 
on Wednesdays and Fridays, at fifteen minutes 
after seven. The Lenten sermons are preached on 
Sundays during high Mass. The ceremonies of 
holy week are most impressive. On Palm Sunday, 
palms are blessed and distributed, the passion is 
sung, the clerics representing the multitude, sing- 
ing their part in four voices. In a similar manner 
the passion is sung on Good Friday. During the so- 
called "Adoration of the cross", the Lamentations 
are also chanted in four voices. On Wednesday, 
Holy Thursday and Good Friday, matins are said 
in the sanctuary at seven o'clock in the evening, 
and the lamentations arej chanted by a four-voiced 
choir. The celebiation of the resurrection takes 
place at seven o'clock on the eve of Easter. The 
school children robed in white take part in the 
procession, and the solemnity close with Benedic- 
tion and Te Deum. The ladies receive their Easter 
Communion on Holy Thursday, the young men on 
Easter Sunday, the young ladies on Low Sunday 
and the men on the third Sunday after Easter. 

The May Devotion is opened with a sermon and 

procession, at which the school children take part. 

During the month of May, devotion is held every 

evening at half-past seven; at the close there is 

sermon, procession and Te Deum. 

Forty hour Devotion usually begins on Pente- 
cost, It is opened with a solemn high Mass and 
procession at half past five. On the second day 
high Mass is at ten o'clock and on the third day at 
nine. During these three days there is rosary, 
litany of the most holy name of .Jesus and Benedic- 
tion in the evening at seven o'clock. Children, 
young ladies, ladies and men have their special 

— 140 — 

hours lor prayer. A plenary indulgence is con- 
nected with this devotion, alter reccivinje; the Holy 
Sacraments and the recital ol prayers before the 
Blessed Sacrament, accordinj^ to the intention ol 
the Church. 

An indidgence ol ten ycais and ten qnadragenes 
can he obtained by each visit. All altars are priv- 
eleged. Tlie solemnity is closed with procession 
and Te Deum. During the months of June a short 
devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus takes place 
after the Mass at ha If -past seven. On the feast of 
the SacredHeart there is high Mass and Benediction; 
as also on the first Friday of every month. During 
the octaves of Corpus Christi and the Immaculate 
Conception, divine office is recited at seven o'clock 
in the evening before the Blessed Sacrament; after 
which Benediction is given. After the Mass at 
half-past seven, benediction is also given. 

The Sunday proceeding the feast of Sts. Peter 
and I'aul, the children receive first holy Commun- 
ion. They are escorted to and from Church by 
the Pastor, Deacons and altar boys. I^rayers of 
preparation and thanksgiving are recited during 
High Mass by a cleric. The Baptismal \-ows are 
renewed in the afternoon, at whicli the children 
sing the hymn: "Fest soil mein Tanri)nnd". 

The Sunday following. August 2, the great 
Portiuncula Indulgence can be gained. The Blessed 
Sacrament is exposed, from the Mass at halt-p.'ist 
five in the nu)rn!ng, unti 1 after the High Mass at 
ten o'clock. A plenar\ indulgence can be gained 
as often as an\ one \isits the Church and ])ra\s 
according to the intention of the Iiol\ Father. At 
se\en o'clock in the e\ening ori the first Sunda\' ol 
evcr\' month the dexotion <)| the Confratei"nit>- of 
the Sacred Heart of Mar\ takes place with sermon 
and Benediction. 

On the least of St. Francis, there is levitical 
High Mass and sermon, in tlie e\ening, de\otion and 
Bened iction. 

During the month ol October, the rosar>'.as also 
the other prescii bed |)ra>ersare said during the 
Mass at half-past seven o'clock. From the I'east ol 
the Finding to the lUevation of the IIoK Cross, the 
blessing with the relic of the IIol\ Cross is gi \en, 

— 141 — 

atter the Mass at half-past seven o'clock, in order 
to obtain favorable weather. On these two feasts 
as also during Lent, the relic is presented to be 
kissed b\ the faithful. 

On the feast of St Anthony, of Pndna. a relic ol 
the saint is exposed for veneration. The nine 
Tuesdays, precedinj:; the feast of St. Anthony, ns 
also the nine Wednesdays, previous to the feast of 
St. Joseph, are annually celebrated with devotion 
and Benediction in the morning after Mass; and the 
feasts are solemnl\ celebrated with High Mass. 

On the seven Fridays preceding the feast of the 
"Seven Dolors of Mary" the rosary of the seven 
Dolors is recited during Mass, after which Benedic- 
tion is given. Every fifth Sunday of the month an 
evening devotion for the Poor Souls is held with 
sermon and Benediction. After Vespers on the 
feast of All Saints the office for the dead is chanted, 
a sermon is delivered, and the congregation form- 
ing a procession, proceed to the cemetery, reciting 
prayers alternately. During the octave, the Way 
of the Cross is made every evening for the repose 
of the Poor Souls. 

The feast of St. Cecilia, is celebrated with 
a solemn High Mass for the members of the choir. 

On the second Sunday of every month the 
children, who are requested to attend Christian 
Doctrine receive holy Communion during the 
seven o'clock Mass. 

A Conference is held on the first Sunday of the 
month for the ladies: second Sunday, for the men 
and young men; third Sunday, for the Third 
Order; fourth Sunday, for the young ladies. 
These conferences are given after Vespers. 

The day for General Communion for the 
Knights of St. George, is the Sunda>' preceding 
or following the feast of St. George: that of SS. 
Peter and Paul's Society, on the Feast of the 

The first Communicants are enrolled in the 
Confraternity of the scapular, on the Sunday 
following their first Holy Communion. Members 
are admitted to the Confraternity of the Holy 
Family, on Trinity Sunday. 


Fifty years ha\'e elapsed, since the establishment of SS. 
Peter and Pa.urs Congregation. During this time great feats 
have actually been achieved. Not only a worth}' house of 
God has been erected, but as it is customary to a German 
congregation, a good school has also been provided for at 
the very beginning, and is now attended by three hundred 
and sixty-five pupils. The congregation ha\-ing increased — - 
at present it numbers about four liundrcd families —the de- 
vise to purchase an own cemetery, was effected. At a later 
jjeriod the cemetery was considerabl)- enlarged. In the coursr 
of time the monaster)', to which the Congregation contiibutcd 
considerably, because a part of the building serxH's as rec- 
tory, a suitable residence for the sisters, and finall\- tlic new 
hall were erected. All this has certain!}' rtMiuired many a 
sacrifice, but ha\ing the reward of God in \iew, the members 
of the congregation were e\er ready to contribute liberally, 
whenever the honcjr of God, the Christian education, or a 
deed of Christian charity were concerned. Tiiey ha\'e re- 
cently gi\'en a noble e'\'idence of their liberalit} by willingly 
contributing the means necessary to renovate tin- church for 
the jubilee. The magnificent organ, the beautiful stations, 
which ha\'e also been procured on this occasion, will ever 
be an eminent memoi'ial (j1 the (iolden Jubilee. Let it not 
be forgutten, tliat the nunil)ers of this congregation ha\'e 


always distinguished themselves in what particularly con- 
stitutes the spirit of a Christian Con'^reg'ation, that is: 
In att('ndini4' Dix'ine Serx'ices on Sunday's and holiday's, in 
hearkeninp" to the word of God, and making" use of the means 
of Grace. In order, that many a good deed accomplished 
in the congregation in the course of half a centur\-, ma}' 
not fall into oblivion, it was deemed proper to puljlish these 
pages at the present occasion. 

Above all, glory, praise and thanks be to Almigety God, 
the source of all good. 

It is also just and equitable, to gratefully remember in 
pra\'er the former and present benefactors, of whom the 
congregation has quite a number. May these pages, al- 
though containing deficiencies in regard to contents and 
illustrations, find very many readers, especially among the 
members of SS. Peter and Paul's congregation. 

In conclusion a few details may follow, which may be of 
some interest to the reader. 

During the last fifty years the following priests labored 
as Pastors of the congregation. 

Rev. Father Anthony Urbanczeck, C. SS. R., 1 8— to 1851. 

Ludwig Dold, " 185 1 to 1853 

Fridolin Luette, " 1853 to 1854 

Van de Rraak, " 1854 to 1857 

Francis X. Seelos, " 1857 to 1862 

Michael Mueller, " 1862 to 1866 

Nicholas Jaeckel, " 1866 to 

Cyril Knoll, O. C. C, 1866 to 1875 

Anthony Maria, O. M. Cap., 1875 to 1877 

Francis, " 1877 to 1881 

Felix Maria, " 1881 to 1884 

Hyacinth, " 1884 to 1885 

Franci-s, " 1885 to 1888 

Felix Maria, " 1888 to 1891 

Herman Joseph, " 1891 to 1894 

Francis, '•' 1894 to 1897 
Didacus, O. M. Cap., from May to Aug., 1897 

Charles, O. M. Cap., 1897 to 

J^eluiimto O)rbcx'0. 

The jrrcat number of those who ha\'e entered the reli- 
gious state of h'fe, ma)' jrive ex'idence of the true catholic and 
pious spirit jjrcxailin.i;- in the cong^rei^-ation. The names, as 
near as could hi- ascertained, follow : 

ttoiiijiTijnIioii of llji' .)1iiisl Jjiilii .llrhrpiiiPi". 

Pathers W'illi.ini Luc-hrniaiiii, lohii ( icrdeinanii, Adaiit 
Petri, Benedict Neitharl, Josej))! \'\y\r, Nicliolas 1-iilc, i|rnr\- 
Dressman, Anselm Knecht. 

Family Name : 
William Kulilnianii 
Francis Steppt- 
Gcorj^e I'etri 
Georj^e Mullaii 
Jacob I.ainjr 
Martin MiltLMil)criier 


Name in 
Relit^ion : 

I'lioinas Aij. 
f'Vancis S. 

Jxirn : 
Awj;. 17, 1S70 

Inx-estnicnl : 

l\'A). ]y, l,S,Sy 

Jiilv 23, 1S72 July iS, 1.S92 

May 20, IS75 July iS, 1S93 

July 20, 1875 July 16, 1.S95 

Feb. 6, iSSo July 18. 1897 

July 30, 1868 Aug. 8, 1892 

^i ^% 



Famil)' Name : 

Rosa Krebel 
Anna Steppe 
Mary Brinker 
Catharine Berkard 
Henrietta Wagner 
Elizabeth Broiva 
Agnes Brinker 
Margareth Fleckenstein 
Anna Bareis 
Mathilda Brinker 
Josephine Reichert 
Agnes Kuhhnann 
Hildegard Wahl 
Johanna Luecker 
Anna Brinker 
Eleonora Bareis 
Catharine Kuhlmann 
Anna Schrimph 

Name in 

Present sphere 


In\-estment: of labor : 

Mary Cyrilla 



1873 Louisville, Ky. 

" Norberta 



1873 t July 16, IS76 

" Sophia 



1874 Madison, Ind. 

" Adelheid 



1874 Frostburg, Md. 

" Lucasia 



1875 Louisville, Ky. 

" B iroTiea 



1878 Newport, Ky. 

" Mathia 



18S1 Scipio, Kan. 

" Romana 



i8S[ Louisville, Ky. 

' Felix 



1881 f May 19, 1893 

" Francis B. 



1885 f Sept. 23, 1894 

" Aquina 



1886 Paola, Kan. 

" Fidelia 



1888 St. Louis, Mo. 

" Ildephonsa 



18S8 f Jan. 18, 1890 




1888 Evansville Ind. 

■" Loyola 



1889 St. Louis, Mo. 

"Bartholomea May 


I890 f March 26, 1891 

" Leocadia 



1890 Louisville, Ky. 

" Marcella 



1893 Louisville, Ky, 

-Si-sfpr-s of -Sf. frnnri.s. 

Famil)' Name: 
Mary Borgman 
Elizabeth Ehrbar 
Anna Fleckenstein 
Josephine Gramlich 
Theresa Long 
Catherine Ruevve 
Eliz. Ruppenkamp 
Anna Ruppenkamp 
Wilhelmina Sell 
Catharine Weyant 
Caroline l^orgman 

Name in Religion 
Sr. IIuLfilina 

' Leonarda 
' Elizabeth 
' Padagundis 

Present sphere 
: of labtjr: 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Pittsburg, Pa. 
Professed at herdeatlj 
Delaware City. 
Pittsburg, Pa. 
Pittsburg, Pa. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Co\ington, Ky. 
t i8«3- 


-Sislpis ol liolre Dump. 

Present sphere 
Family Name -. Namein Reliq-ion : of labor: 

Mary Reichert Sr. Meinrade Belleville, 111. 

Cath. Hendel " Erminfrieda St. Louis, Mo. 

Anna Hendel " Elizabeth Redwino-, Minn. 

Martha Wolf " Bibiana f Nov. 22 1895 

Anna Dressman " Sophonia Grcenbay, Wis. 

Mary Dressman " Osmana f 1880 

Marg. Becker " Mary Gutsun Milwaukee, Wis. 

'Si-sfers ol dji' Insifiid'oiu 

Present sjjhere 
Family Name: Name In Religion ; of labor: 

Cath. Dres.sman Sr. Johanna liallimore. Md. 

Elizabeth Firle " Lucia lialtimore. Md. 

Anna Rosa " Alphonsa .SlatiMi Island, N. Y 

-Si-sfpis 111" -S(. Daiiiiiiir. 

Family Name: Name in Rt-jigion: Remarks: 

I^liz. Jaeckel Sr. Laurence- f 1878 .Memphis, 

Tenn. Consumption 
Mary Jaeckel " Alphonsa f 1878 Memphis. 

Tenn. \'ello\v l*~c\er 
Mary Eliz. (iloss " \)n\nv:i f 1878 Memphis, 

Tenn. Yellow Fe\cr 
Martha l^liz. Gloss " Veronica f 1878 Memphi.s, 

Tenn. X'eliow p'ex'er 


Family Name; 
Eliz. Wlesel 
Marg. Wiesel 
Eliz. Gramlich 
Mary Gramlich 

-Sf-slpis of Mm% 

Present sphere 
Name in Religion: of labor 

Sr. Kostka Port Jervis 

" Sulpice Port Jervis 

" Aloysia Sup. Providence, R 1. 

" Sebastiana f before profess 

'5(-s(er-s of -S(. ili|iip.s. 

Family Name;: -Name in Religion: Present sphere 

of labor: 

Eliz. Kuhlman 

Sr. Daria 

New York 

%fer-s of flje 'SacreD |)Bur{ of Mm]. 

Wilhelmina Neithart, at present in Westchester, N. Y. 


Ipcvp 1bolber8**l898. 

Aman, John. 
Andres, Joseph. 
Ackerman, Joseph. 
Becker, William. 
Brocke, Mrs. Margaretha. 
Braun, Henry. 
Brockman, Mrs, B. 
Bareis, Peter. 
Brockman, Frank. 
Bender, Richard. 
Bender, Jacob. 
Blough, John. 
Bergman, John. 
Boch, Joseph. 
Boch, George. 
Boeckler, Mrs. 
Becker, Joseph. 
Brinker, John. 
Bartik, John. 
Becker, Louis. 
Boch, Leonhard. 
Becker. P^lla. 
Bowen, John. 
Byren, Helena. 

Bareis, Felix. 
Baumhauer, Mrs. Carolina. 
Brinker, Frank. 
Brinker, Mrs. Sophia. 
Buchholz, William. 
Brinker, Louisa. 
Baumhauer, Joseph. 
Baumhauer, Mrs. Rosina. 
Bruetting. Eva. 
Brockman, Joseph. 
Borgman, Mrs. Ed. 
Brinker, Mrs. Casper. 
Brinker, Matthias. 
Beck, Anton. 
Botzdick, Anton, 
l^otzdick, George. 
Becker, Maria, 
lictz, Henry. 
Bruck, Mrs. 
Buchs. Eva. 
J^elki, August, 
lilaul, Mrs. Margaret. 
P>eck, Emil. 
Cornhof, William. 

Dahl, Charles. 
Dressman, John. 
Dres.sman, John. 
Dressman, Josci:)h. 
Dressman, Catharine. 
Detterman, Nicholas. 
Detterman, Joseph. 
Dietrich, George. 
Decker, Jacob P. 
Decker, John. 
Decker, William. 
Doerner. Geortj^e. 
Doerncr, W'cyant. 
Dehler, Maria. 
Dorn, Gcorc^e. 
Dorn, John. 
Dummel, Adelhcid. 
Doerner, William, 
Ehrl, Joseph. 
Kberl, Conrad. 
Kirich, Martin. 
Fochlman, .\ui;ust. 
b'oclitman, Mis. .Anna. 
J-ochtman. Mrs. Henry. 
Fochtman, .Mrs. Catharine. 
l'"orbeck, Mrs. Joseph. 
Fe\', Miss I'dizabctli. 
I'irle, .Maria. 

Fleckenstein, Mrs. Catharine' 
J^leckenstcin, Sebastian, .Sr. 
l-"leckenstein, .Sebastian, Jr. 
J'leckenstein, Irank. 
P'leckenstein, Jafojj. 
F're)', Conrad. 

pradiska, William. 
Fesenmeier, Mrs. Michael 
Furlong, Mrs. Josephine. 
Fischer, W. F. 
F'oreman, Jacob. 
Fletschinger, Vincent, 
hreithof, John. 
Foerster, John, 
Finan, Joseph, 
hesenmeier, Michael, Jr. 
Fesenmeier, John. 
Glick, 1 lenr\- J. 
Glick, John. 
Glick, GeorQe. 
Grebenstein, John. 
Grebenstein, William. 
Grebenstein. Justin. 
Grebenstein, Julius. 
Grebenstein, Joseph, 
(irebenstein, A. 
(jrandich, I''iank. 
(iaschlei', Mrs. Carolina. 
Gaschler. Al. 
(iaschler, Fnti^elbert. 
Gessner, (ieors^e. 
(jessenhues, Henr\'. 
( jertcman, i lenrw 
(iei'teman, |( )sipli. 
(jertemau, .Xnthonw 
Guiiahi', \u\]\] \\ . 
Cjinnm, I'auline. 
Grimm, John. 
Grimm, ( harles. 
(jorllmr Jose[)h. 


Gocllner, Frank. 
Goellner, F'ranl^, Jr. 
Goellner, John. 
Greening, Mrs. 
Greiner, P^mil. 
Goetz, Mrs. John. 
Grever, Henry. 
Guenterbe'"a', Bernard. 
Hammerschmitt, Joseph, 
riammerschmitt. W. 
1 lamnierschmitt, 

Mrs. Wolfo-ang. 
1 lammerschniitt, Mrs. 
Hipp, Mrs. Catharine. 
Hein, Mathilda. 
Habig, Damian. 
Hack, Mrs. Elizabeth. 
Himmler, Mrs. WiUiam. 
Himmler, Airs. 
Hehnstetter, Joseph. 
Helmstetter, George. 
Helmstetter, Charles. 
Haselberger. Joseph. 
Haselberger, Andrew. 
Huemer, F"redcrick. 
Hart, Peter. 
Helferich, Henry. 
Helferich, Rudolph. 
Hotfman. Frederick. 
Hartman, Joseph. 
Helker, Mrs. 
Henzlcr, George. 
Henzler, llenr\'. 
Holzen, Anthony. 

Harbough, Mrs. 
Hillary, Mrs. 
Henzler, Mrs. Margaret. 
Jaschinsky, Casimir. 
Juppe, Johanna. 
Johnson, Louise. 
Kerber, Mrs. Josephine. 
Kotz, Mrs. 

Kienhoefer, Anthony. 
Kienhoefer, Joseph. 
Kastner, Anthony. 
Knee, John. 

Knieriem, Mrs. Elizabeth. 
Kotschenreuter, George. 
Kerscher, Isidor. 
Krimm, Mrs. 
Kiefer, Wendelin. 

Kelly, Delia. 
Kirk, Jacob. 
Kerber, John. 
Kuhlman, Bernard. 
Keane, Anthon\-. 
Keane, Maria. 
Kearney, John. 
Kabovvsky, John. 
Krueglein, George. 
Klein, A\. 
I.aing, Frederick. 
Laing, V. X. 
Laing, Joseph. 
Laing, Frank S. 
Laing, Henry. 
Laing, John F. 

i.ainl^^ I'. X. 
1 ^aiiiL;-, John 1^'. 
Lippold, John, 
Lippold, Mattliias. 
Lippold. 1^'rank. 
Lippold. Peter. 
Lippold, Ludvvig. 
Lippold, Joseph. 
Linck, Dominick. 
Loibl, Jacob. 
Loible, Charles. 
Loibl, Emma. 
Leidint^er, Nicholas. 
Lueck, Laurentius. 
Lucck, Bernard. 
Lnehrman, Anthony. 
Luehrman, Alphonsus. 
Lang, Mrs. Theresia. 
Landwchr. Louise. 
Landwehr, Georije. 
Landwchr, Caspar. 
Landwehr, Maria. 
Litfin, Frank. 
Leo, Mrs, Maria. 
Lindner, Geor<(e. 
Miller, George. 
Miller, Peter. 
Miller, Urban. 
Miller, Anna. 
Miller. Philip. 
Miller, Michael. 
Miller, Joseph Peter. 
Miller, John H. 
Miller, Mrs. Martin. 

Mart/., George. 
Mart/., Peter. 
Mart/., Maria. 
Mart/., Martin. 
Mart/, Bernartl. 
Mackert, Cassian. 
Mackert, August. 
Mackert, PIdward. 
Maffly, P'^rederick. . 
Messnian, W. C. 
Meier, Mrs. Frank. 
Meier, Henry. 
Meier, Adam. 
Matt, George. 
Matt, F.- 

MuUan, Mrs. John. 
Met/., John. 
Met/, William. 

Mertens. Mrs. M. 
Meisenzahl, Charles. 

Miltcnberger, John. 

Martin. Peter. 

Martin, Conrad. 

Mintrup, M. 

Monthaiy, John. 

May, M. 

Menke, p:ii/abeth. 

Mc Henry, 1. I. 

McKnight, Rosa. 

McEvoy, Catharine. 

McKenzie, Maria. 

McUermitt, Charles. 

Neubeiser, Ludwig. 

Neubauer, P^rank. 

\ '^'b 

Nehrinq-, William. 
Neis, Andrew. 
Nimick, Mrs. 
Ohr, Maria. 
Obeckcr, Heiir\-. 
Obccker, IIenr\- W. ]r. 
Paulu.s, Catliarinc. 
Pfaub, Mr.s. Ma<(dalena. 
Pfaub. Kennis. 
RN'land, Andrew. 
Reichert, Mrs. Theresia. 
Reichert, Casper. 
Reichert, John. 
Ruppert, Joseph. 
Ruj)pert, Jacob. 
Ruppert, Valentine. 
Rice, Andreas. 
Rossworm, Mrs, Georije. 
Rossworm, Vitus. 
Reinhard. John. 
Reinhard, Mrs. 
Reinhard, Andrew. 
Reinhard, Arm in. 
Rieg, Michael. 
Roehrig, Valentine. 
Roehrig, John. 
Roos, Joseph. 
Roos, Joseph and Maria. 
Rohman, Casper. 
Rohman, John. 
Rohman, Casper. 
Rohman, Mrs. Josephine. 
Rest. William. 
Roos, V^incent, 

Rust, Mrs. 
Roos, Anthony. 
Rose, John. 
Ruppenkamp. Joseph. 
Ruppenkamp, Ludwic^. 
Ruppenkamp, Frank. 
Ruppenkamp, Fred. 
Roehrig, Maria. 
Re^-nolds, Mr.s, 
Rue we, Henry. 
Roehrig, Mrs. Susan. 
Rusch, Joseph, Sr. 
Rieder, Urban. 
Radinger, Fdward, 
Roden, Philip. 
Reitmeier, Barbara. 
Schonder, Florence. 
Soethe, Fred. 
Spindlcr, Ladisl. 
Schellhaus, Matthias. 
Steppe, Louise. 
Steppe, John W, 
Steppe, Merman. 
Soethe, Mrs. Barbara. 
Schaaf, August. 
.Strohmenger, John. 
Strohmenger, George. 
.Strohmenger, Mrs. 
.Strohmenger, Peter. 
.Schmutz, Charles, 
Schaetzer Mat. 
Schrimph, Mrs. Catharine. 
Schwankhaus, Mrs. 
Schwach, Joseph, 


Seger, F. 
Strong, Geoic^c. 
Staincr, Charles. 
Schweitzer, John. 
Stej^maxer, Leon. 
Stci^maycr, It^natius. 
Schneider, Andrew. 
Sanders, Mrs. Math. 
Sell. Charles. 
Sell, Mrs. 
Sell, George. 
.Sell, Michael. 
.Sell, Laurentius. 
Schriver, Joseph. 
Schriver, Anthony. 
Siefers. Mrs. 
.Schniitt, Henr\-. 
Stuctzcr, John. 
Schneider, John N. 
Schrimpf. Mrs. Maria. 
.Schultz, Frank. 
Schohcr, C'asper. 
Sell oen add, Charles. 
Sander, llenry. 
Troug, George, 
Tayler, Joseph. 
llioma, I IiMiry. 
Troll, Joseph. 
Thumel, Theodore. 
Vocke, John. 
Valentin, W. II. 

Weber, Joseph. 

Weber, Nicholas. 

Wempc, Frank. 

Wenipe, Mrs. Maria. 

Wempc, Martin. 

Wiesel, Joseph. 

Wiesel, Michael. 

Wolf, George. 

Wolf, Marguard. 

Weisbrod, Mrs, John. 

Winnefeld, William. 

Winnefeld, George. 

Wundcr, Misses. 

Wigert, Bernard. 

Wagner, Mrs. George. 

Wiescniniller, Mrs. Anna. 

Wiesenmiller, Mrs. PLleonora. 

Walsh, Edward. 

Wegman, Henry. 

Wintermaier, J. 

We\'ant, Mrs Catharine. 

Wahl, k'rank Josc])!). 

Wirnian, John. 

White, Rosa. 

Willard, Mrs. Maria K. 

Zitzman, John. 

Zapf, (icorge. 

Zc'll, Joseph. 

Zielinan, l^'ridoliii. 

Zielman, Maria. 

Zielnian, .Agatha. » 

J. p. WIESEL'S, I 


THE imm m oldest uusic house ik western umm. \ 




; from the Best Manufacturer.s in the World — ran<^in<^ in 

i price according to .style, but exery dne, even ihe 

t lowest-fkiced, well made and fully guaranteed, so 

i that the purchaser who does not care to invest much 

• money in a piano or organ, can rest assured of getting 

I an instrument of excellent quality that will last and 

t give satisfaction. — If desired, they are sold on monthly 

I or weekly payments, and easy terms. Old i)ianos and 

I organs taken in exchange. 

I Musical Instruments of every description. 

> Sheet Music, Music Hooks, etc. Foreign and 

I American Publications. 


I Tuning and Repairing of all Instruments. 



3Fiiiicu ^ $tu|^<|raccrij^$^ 

Cov. Bultiinoi-e & Mechanic Sts., 

(^ITMBEKLANl), Ml). 

■> m — •■••»» ##> •—►» *■» •■•>•■ «— m •m*-9-^m»'0'*9*-^-^9^mM»*-% *mp •*»*■ 



furniture k Coffin €u>r 

u i\i ritrvftrus ttr .t^i> in: tr.i:ns i\ 



Ni^llit Calls Vol- IniU'i'tatUi- will liv ;i1 ti-lideil to hv l.i ii ts S vr l\, lUl N . f'lMitrc. 

«U«aa T~i lif ft -^A -^i^ o4 -fs*^ 


Studio and Gallery: 






riu latest, "up-to-date" Photographs, all st\ Ics, 
iroiii miniature to life-size, tinted photDcjraiihs, niiniatnre 
portraits, landscapes. Any kind ot iMCtin-e i\ produced in 
colors, made onl\- at our studio. When in want ol a poi- 
tiail (jr photoL;ra|)h, t^'o to 


. . . Positively Only Artist In Western Maryland, , . . 





11 at an\^ time you become clissatis- 
liecl with >()ur present dnii^i^ist then's 
the time to call on 



Furniture and Undertaking. 


211 N. Centre St. 


Undertaking Promptly Attended to, Day or Night. 





Thousands of people who have bouq^ht the 


are piaisiiiL^ their four great ini]K)rtaiit points which are 
found in their construction, viz: doocl and Even liakei-, 
Economical in Fuel. Cleanliness and Durability, while their 
Desjf^n is of the Latest. We warrant them to be the best to 
be had and sell them on trial. 

Call and see our stock of Rcfrij^erators, Freezers, VV'ash- 
ini{ Machines. All styles of Cooking Utensils and general 
Kitchen Outfits. 

Fancy Tile \\V)rk. Slate Mantels, Roofuig and S])outing. 








2^ BAi;riM()RE STREET, 

F(^R PHl^: I^.ES'l' 



..AH) TO... 



WK take great pleasure in informing the people of 
SS. Peter and Paul's Church that we have the most 
complete Pharmac}' in the city of Cumberland, and are pre- 
pared to fill all Prescriptions and Family Recipes carefully, 
and at the most reasonable prices consistent with accuracy 
and good quality. 

Our Stock of PATP:XT MEDICINES is the largest in 
the city. 

Our Stock of TOILET BRUSHES is the largest in 
the cit}'. 

Our Stock of PAIXT HRlSHP:Sisthelargest in the cit>-. 

Our Stock of PP:RFUMER\' is the largest in the cit\-. 

Our Stock of ARTISTS SUPPLIES is the onlv- oiif in 
the city. 

Our PHOTOGRAPHIC .STOCK for amateurs is com- 
plete, and the only one in the city. 

We are the only people that keep ELKCTRICA L SUP- 
PLIES in thccit)-. 

We keej) constantlx' on tap and in bottles all kinds of 

The handsomest .Soda h'onntain and the best S()l).\ 
WATER to be had. 




grljcobovc g'httiixd. 






255 N. Centre St., 


f/ j/f> 

I A Shoe Story. j 

Where to buy that pair of shoes you need dr- l 

pcnds altoi^ether upon whether you look around be- i 

fore you buy or not. If you look until \'ou arc sure t 
\'ou have found the store that tfixes 


The Greatest Values for the Money 


N'ou'll bu\- them of us. | 



Careful roni])arisr)n will [)rf)ve the truth ol our | 
claim that 

Nowhere Else 

can \'ou ,<^et so much .Shoe Value for the money 
We are a!\\a\-s up-to-date in stxdes. 


voeeL & deHlgr, 

SHf )fc:S «iicl HA'liS. 

! No. 35 Baltimore Street. 




(J/^fry <^^. '^r.A, aru/ H,>/ > 

(lumbcrland freie l|rcs|ii\ 


$1.50 Per Year, in Advance. 




Of All Kinds, at Lowest Prices. 



For the P 




The People's | 


League. | 

For Tabernacle SocfETiES, 

Altar Societies. 

Confraternities of the 

Blessed Sacrament, etc. 


Till fliiihtsi tniil Most Vst-fiil Hoi-h fur f'isit.s 
to thr lilfssfiil Stiri-dniftit. 

VISITS TO m II m jmm 

Hours and Half-Hours of Adoration before the Blessed Sacrament. 

Witti a floueiia to tlie Holii Gliost, ui Deuotioiis for 
Mass, Holij Coiiiiiiiliiioii, etc. 

Adapted and Compiled from many Approved Sources, 


Sjiiril it((l hi reel or of flic T((hi'rit a c/i' Socicf 1/ of 
Cine/ II 1/ (if i . a ml . 1 11 f li or of 


lOnio. ckuli, red cdL'-es. Si. 2;. 


NEW mi 1 

SiS Hain St. 

17S Monroe St. 





Are the Three Leading Points 
in the Clothing We Sell 

George Schwarzenbach& Son, 

131 Baltimore St., 

Cuttiberland, Md. 














Druggist and Pharmacist. Establisiied Nearly 30 Years 

Prescriptions careful!}' and accurateh' compounded. 

A full line of Toilet Articles, Sponges, Chamois, Patent 
Medicines and all articles usualh' kept in a firstclass drug store. 
Also, a Lme of Specialties of my own make, the leading 
ones of which are : 

A compound of Glycerine, Tar and Wild Cherry. An ex- 
cellent Remedy. 

Give quick relief for Headache, Neuralgia, etc. 

Shryers Cream Lotion. For Chapped Hands and Face. 
"Makes the Skin Soft and Smooth." 





15 N. Centre Street, 

is where you will tin I the best assortment of 

Stajjle and Fancy Groceries, 

Canned (Toods, Tal)le Delicacies, 
Qneensware, Lamps, etc. 

finp: teas and coffees a specialty 




Ilavi-; yon seen those fine Carpets, shown at our 
Store this Season. They C()ni[)rise all the new and latest 
desi-ns. in 1 NCiR AI N . I'Ar ICSTR Y. VELVETS, AX- 


Don't fail to see tiicni when )'on want a Ljootl Carpet. 



/ Ittt t»ifi«1s1fiitMfi« 

149 Baltimore St., Cumberland, Md. 

Fine Shoes 
Stylish Hats.... 





Keep a full line of CATHOLIC BOOKS along 

»»»«»» »'««»<'<»»»<»x-<«»»'««>»'<t-»-«»»^»'<»»«-<»K-<»»«-<»>#-<»-«<»»>-<«x.««> m <«> ><•» ■ w «■«»►■>«►•■«►»•«« 

/I. D. LADEW, 

fiat H a r (I ic a i % ^ "yiljyi^yi 



Si'ORTiNO Goods and Fishing Tackle. 

No 8« H;iltinu)rc St., Cumberland, MJ. 



144 Baltimore St., next to Windsor Hotel. 

Our Expert Optician can fit you properly with glasses. 
Call any clay or evening. Rings of every description (all 
solid gold.) Watches of every variety. Chains, Jewelry, 
Cut Glass and Silverware. 




Cumberlatid, Md. 

Organized April, 1895. 


Pays 3 Per Cent, interest on Deposits. 

comparativp: statp:ment of deposits. 

April 30, 1896,^76,879.21. 

APRIL 30, 1897, §131,640.60. 

x\PRlL 30, 1898, §256,843. 78. 


Who believe in QUALITY rather than style. VVK 

believe in both. Kspecialh^ in MILLINERY should 

stN'le be evident, but the cjuality should also be there. 

Deal ajLt*».» aj.1 3>t«..I...% and \'ou will 

obtain both. 

'^;;'i,i, iWvo. iil. Ihicc 


The Lari^est Assortment of 


in the town, 
jjitircly New, Novel, and Unique at 
Moderate Prices. 


99 AND 101 Baltimokk .Street 

»<«>» <•> » «■» • »»» « <■> » «»» m < » »<•►«■«»■»■«■► 


^ @ @ 


% m 

Complete and systematic instructions on PIANO, VIO- 
are j^iven in all grades, from the elementar\- to the highest 
artistic requirements. 

Lor particulars appl\' to 

Ih^sxtUne ^tstev$, 

No. 24 Fayette Street, 






$100,000 Capital. 

$200,000 Surplus, and other Undi\'ided Profits. 


Boxes Rented at $3.00 and Upward. 

Lloyd Lowndes, President. D. Annan, Cashier. 

Lloyd Lonvndes, John Sheridan, 

O. C. Gephart, a. Hunter Boyd, 

James Clark, David W. Sloan, 

L. M. Shepherd. 

The Daily Independent 


Subscribe tor it .'iiul enjoy each evening; an 
account of the (hiy's happenino-s in Cumberland 
and elsewhere 

It is delivered every afternoon before sup- 
l)er time by carriers for 


No family in Cuml)erland should be without it. 





Terra Cotta Pipe, 

A. H, WICK, 6 - 12 8, CENTRE 8T, 



Only Prompt Paying Companies Willi Assets of 
70,000,000 Dollars Represented. 

Policies Carefully 
Written to h:: 

Protect Insured. 







120 and 122 N. CENTRE ST. 


^ ^J%|L^^^?i !^^f^1% 

Agents for Minnehaha Flour. 
Also Cut Flowers, Desiqns for Funerals, Potted Plants, 

Flower Pots and Lawn Vases. 

P)irtls, (iold Fish, Pets of all Kinds and Supplies at 

1 18 North Centre Street. 

Bohii Wm. Smibev. 





Monthly Repayment in Easy Installments. 

l-'our Per C"ent. Interest Paid on 1 )eposits. 

Alleiiaiiij - Bilil[liii(j, - Loan # Saiiiiuis - Coiiipaiiii, 


D. P. Miller, President. A. H. Amick, Treasurer. 

No. ^8i. 




Surplus 100,000. 

Original charter dated i8ii, 
As a National Bank 1864. 


Robert Shriver, President. J. L. Griffith, Cashier. 


Robert Shriver, Albert R. Lewis. 

H. Swartzwelder, J. A. Millholland, 

Samuel J. Edwards. 




^Vrtcticrtl |0himbcr& 


OSae 4fittev0, 

HOT WATER . . . 







Offer the following reasons why you should use a 

"They are as economical as coal if used properly." 
"They are always ready when striking a match." 
"They save labor, are clean, will cook a meal quicker 

and better than a coal sto\'e." 

"They are absolutely safe and cool in summer." 

We will give you a month's trial of a stove, and if not 

satisfactory will remove it without cost. 

For small power plants or factories the Gas Engine 

offers many advantages over steam. 

Geo. F. W. Strieby. 

Geo. M. Strieby. 

^V^^^^ifX ^S^ e^^^K 


1114-1116 F Street N. W., 






^,,,,,..„ BALTIMORE, MD. 



— uon — 

©ttltiraorc, W^. 

Cvin aSoctienblatt fiir ben tat^oUfd)en gamilientreiS niit rfid)I)aN 
t'u^er IMtiirc sur (Srbauinifl unb 53clef)rinic\, foiuie ben iiciie[ten '^ladi' 
rict)tni niiS ,"5tird)e unb 6taat im Snn= unb 9lueliinbe; ha^ tiitt)ollU^e 
ilHTcniylcben luirb Hiejicll beriufficl)ticil. 

^tbonucmeutHuciv5 $2.30 I'lo 3iit)r. SBorouSbesablenbe ertinU 
ten prac^tDolle ^rainion. 

tocrbcii icba^cit (iratici ucrfniibt 

Wan abreiiiere : 









»tatm»it f mm tn » t m»— f m»f u m n tt »»i »mt»t u »m>» n t ■ m» » m ■ o ««»»»■■»»«««> Mi ■<■« i 


Srintjsr and ^lank ^ook ^^paniiFaclur^r, 

)umh^r\andf pftd. 




No extra charge for STYLE here. You 
will always find it along with larger assort- 
ments, lower prices and I^EST qualities. 





(•thiucl) nub ^Itax* ©oobe, 

Reliijioils StatOes anil Stations of tlie Cross, 






Printer to the Holy See and the S. Congregation of Rites. 





52 Barclay Street, New York. 

P. O. Box 1886. 

BRANCH HOUSK, 436 Main St., Cincinnati, O. 
MAIN HOUSK, Ratisbon, Bavaria. 

lI\l.Mi:.\S]{ CAPITAL AM) A.SS1-:TS 

UV1-:K ()M: lilWDKl^i) AM) Sl-A'- 
KNT\-illRl-:iv MILLIONS. 

m-:t suri'll's oykr i-oria' mil- 



Cinnberland, Md. 

A']' I Ills OP'FICK. 







STUDIOS : Paris, Lyons, Vandeu\'re, France; Roermund, 
Holland; Munich, Germany. 

SALESROOMS : 51 Barclay Street, New York. 

The beautiful and most artistic Stations of the Cross 
which now adorn the Church of Saints Peter and Paul, 
Cumberland, Md., were supplied by us. 


1 i \ ou always want to be 
on lime buy one of Patik, 
Philippe & Go's. Watches 
(the finest watch in the 
world ) We are sole agents 
for Cunibei land, Md. We 
guarantee e\er\' one we 
sell to run within ten sec- 
onds per month. A beau- 
tiful line of Cut Cilass, Ari Pottery, Gold andSiher Jewelr)-, 
etc., etc. His^hest Qu'dity, Lowest Price. Our specialties 
are fine watch repairing-, makiui; .^old and sil\-er medals and 
bado^es. Mono'^ram and Grest P^n,G;ravin.L^ 




115 l^Mltimore Street. 


Cartjon Autotvpes in C3lor, ttie Very 
Latest Process. 




It is a pleasure to ha\e 
the ladies talk over their 
experiences in shopping. 
They always have some- 
thing pleasant to say of 
our establishment. It's 
the treatment, or the val- 
ues, or the prices. Whatever they say merely shows why 
they like to deal with us. F.yeYy customer gets all the time 
necessar}' to satisfactorih' select what she wants. 








No. 163 Baltimore Street, 



rrom:rx uelivkry and strict 
attention to business. 








Lots sold on monthly pa)'ments. 

Office, 39 Baltimore Street, CUMBERLAND, MD. 








3oljn 51, pulton 8f (§o., 


WILLIAM U . PAISLEY, ^.«xv,wwv». 


hiiK)\l 16. WALSH tJUIUOIXCl^, C IJMI3H:kLA.ND, MD. 

Agency for Leading Trans-Atlantic Steamers 

THROUGH TICKP:TS issued at this office TO 


J. P. W'llvSEL, 25 I'.altiniore Street, Cuml:)erland, Md. 
»►»■«»»■>■«»> » < » »<»►♦«>■»■«»» » «»> »<»►»<»► »■<«►■■<»>««►■»<»»■»■«»> « «■► »■«> ■ <«» « « « ►■■ <■»»««>■<»»■»»<« 

...2t8. ^^tUv anil ^^aul'g ^ig^ ScJjaoI,... 

The course of studies embraces all that is essential to a 
thorough anfl rifiiied education. German, Latin, Book- 
keeping, Stenography and Typewriting are optional studies. 

Full particulars can be obtained by applying at the 


WE HAVE.... 

As complete and as large an assortment of 


as can be found anywhere in this, or any other city, and we 
guarantee the same to JDe the GENUINE ARTICLE. 

We ask for part of your trade, not only in this line, 
but for medicines of all kinds. We keep only ONE GRADE, 
and that the BEST that nature and man combined can pro- 
duce. Our stock is second to none in this city, and we 
warrant you satisfaction in everything you buy of